Today, there is growing interest in conservation and anthropologists have an important role to play in helping conservation succeed for the sake of humanity and for the sake of other species. Equally important, however, is the fact that we, as the species that causes extinctions, have a moral responsibility to those whose evolutionary unfolding and very future we threaten.
This volume is an examination of the relationship between conservation and the social sciences, particularly anthropology. It calls for increased collaboration between anthropologists, conservationists and environmental scientists, and advocates for a shift towards an environmentally focused perspective that embraces not only cultural values and human rights, but also the intrinsic value and rights to life of nonhuman species. This book demonstrates that cultural and biological diversity are intimately interlinked, and equally threatened by the industrialism that endangers the planet's life-giving processes. The consideration of ecological data, as well as an expansion of ethics that embraces more than one species, is essential to a well-rounded understanding of the connections between human behavior and environmental wellbeing.
This book gives students and researchers in anthropology, conservation, environmental ethics and across the social sciences an invaluable insight into how innovative and intensive new interdisciplinary approaches, questions, ethics and subject pools can close the gap between culture and conservation.
Table of Contents
Introduction 1. Exploring human-nature dualism and the history of the environment in anthropology 2. The Social Construction of Nature 3. Mainstream Conservation and Alternative Environmentalism 4. Communities and Conservation 5. Debates over Incentive-based Conservation Programs 6. Environmental Ethics and Rights for Human and Non-human Species 7. Environmental Justice and Democratic Legitimacy 8. Sustaining the Unsustainable: Debates over Development, Population and Consumption 9. Education for Environment's Sake 10. Attempting Reconciliation and Moving Forward
Eleanor Shoreman-Ouimet is an environmental anthropologist and currently teaches in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Connecticut, USA. Her research focuses on human-environment interactions, cross-cultural conservation practices, community response to natural hazards and the effects of climate change.
Helen Kopnina is currently lecturer in anthropology and development and environmental anthropology at the Leiden University, the Netherlands. She is also a coordinator and lecturer of Sustainable Business program and researcher in the fields of environmental education and environmental social sciences at The Hague University of Applied Science, the Netherlands.
"The authors’ stands are moderate and reasonable, and above all well-considered, and as such make very important contributions to the literature—especially within anthropology, where emotion and reaction have substituted for thought in most of the controversial and critical literature. The world needs this book."–Eugene N. Anderson, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at the University of California Riverside, USA
"This courageous and thoughtful volume encourages all of us to relocate humankind within a shared multispecies world, recognizing the interdependence of all living beings and the ethical and practical problems raised by anthropocentricity. Challenging long-held assumptions about conservation, it leads the reader persuasively towards a more equal valorization of cultural and biological diversity."–Veronica Strang, Durham University, UK
"Biologists are troubled by the "social construction of nature" argument because the nature they study is so obviously concrete, interesting, and valuable for its own sake. Finally, with this book, we have social scientists vigorously critiquing narrow anthropocentrism and bemoaning its inevitable consequence, biotic impoverishment. It is a delight to read anthropologists who cherish the intrinsic value of nonhuman life."–Reed F. Noss, University of Central Florida, USA
"The authors embrace an intersectional viewpoint condemning all oppression and championing equal and fair treatment for all in the name of conservation, and hopefully, within anthropology.This book is particularly aimed at students, who have a special interest or are taking classes in introductory, environmental, or sociocultural anthropology, and practitioners of anthropology. Those in other social sciences or conservation could access this book just as well. Upper-level undergraduates through experienced researchers could all find something valuable in this book." - Nathan Poirier, Journal of Ecological Anthropology, Volume 18 Issue 1 Volume 18, Issue 1 (2016)