1st Edition

Current Controversies in Bioethics

Edited By S Matthew Liao, Collin O'Neil Copyright 2017
    194 Pages
    by Routledge

    194 Pages
    by Routledge

    Bioethics is the study of ethical issues arising out of advances in the life sciences and medicine. Historically, bioethics has been associated with issues in research ethics and clinical ethics as a result of research scandals such as the Tuskegee Syphilis Study and public debates about the definition of death, medical paternalism, health care rationing, and abortion. As biomedical technologies have advanced, challenging new questions have arisen for bioethics and new sub-disciplines such as neuroethics and public health ethics have entered the scene. This volume features ten original essays on five cutting-edge controversies in bioethics written by leading philosophers.

    I. Research Ethics: How Should We Justify Ancillary Care Duties?

    II. Clinical Ethics: Are Psychopaths Morally Accountable?

    III. Reproductive Ethics: Is There A Solution to the Non-Identity Problem?

    IV. Neuroethics: What is Addiction and Does It Excuse?

    V. Public Health Ethics: Is Luck Egalitarianism Implausibly Harsh?

    S. Matthew Liao and Collin O’Neil’s concise introduction to the essays in the volume, the annotated bibliographies and study questions for each controversy, and the supplemental guide to additional current controversies in bioethics give the reader a broad grasp of the different kinds of challenges in bioethics.



    Bioethics: Current Controversies

    S. Matthew Liao and Collin O’Neil


    Part I

    Research Ethics: How Should We Justify Ancillary Care Duties?

    1. Locating Medical Researchers’ Ancillary-Care Obligations within the Division of Moral Labor

    2. Henry S. Richardson

    3. The Grounds of Ancillary Care Duties

    4. S. Matthew Liao and Collin O’Neil

      Part I Suggested Readings

      Part II

      Clinical Ethics: Are Psychopaths Morally Accountable?

    5. Fine Cuts of Moral Agency: Dissociable Deficits in Psychopathy and Autism

    6. Dana Kay Nelkin

    7. Holding Psychopaths Responsible and the Guise of the Good

    8. Agnieszka Jaworska

      Part II Suggested Readings


      Part III

      Reproductive Ethics: Is There a Solution to the Non-Identity Problem?

    9. Dividing and Conquering the Nonidentity Problem

    10. Melinda A. Roberts and David T. Wasserman

    11. The Nonidentity Problem: United and Unconquered

    12. Saul Smilansky

      Part III Suggested Readings


      Part IV

      Neuroethics: What Is Addiction and Does It Excuse?

    13. Addiction, Habits, and Blame

    14. Timothy Schroeder and Nomy Arpaly

    15. How Addicts Lose Control

    16. Neil Levy

      Part IV Suggested Readings


      Part V

      Public Health Ethics: Is Luck Egalitarianism Implausibly Harsh?


    17. Rarely Harsh and Always Fair: Luck Egalitarianism and Unhealthy Choices

    18. Zofia Stemplowska

    19. Luck Egalitarianism, Harshness, and the Rule of Res


    S. Matthew Liao is Arthur Zitrin Professor of Bioethics, Director of the Center for Bioethics, and Affiliated Professor of Philosophy, New York University. He is the author or editor of The Right to Be Loved (2015) and Moral Brains: The Neuroscience of Morality (2016), and co-edited Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights (2015). He has been featured in the New York Times and other media outlets and is the Editor in Chief for the Journal of Moral Philosophy.

    Collin O’Neil is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Lehman College, City University of New York. His recent publications have appeared in Philosophy & Public Affairs, American Journal of Bioethics, and Journal of Law, Medicine, and Ethics.

    "This book is admirably distinctive in the literature on bioethics. It is selective in addressing only five issues, each drawn from a different area of bioethics and discussed in a pair of contrasting essays. The issues are not only of great practical importance but also intellectually difficult. They demand engagement with matters of moral theory and require the most advanced understanding of relevant empirical material. The authors – all philosophers of distinction – abundantly satisfy these requirements, while also presenting their carefully-developed arguments in writing that is both lucid and accessible. The editors have done their work extremely well."

    --Jeff McMahan, University of Oxford