Current Controversies in Bioethics: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Current Controversies in Bioethics

1st Edition

Edited by S Matthew Liao, Collin O'Neil

Routledge

182 pages

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Description

Bioethics is the study of ethical issues arising out of advances in the life sciences and medicine. Historically, bioethics has been associated with issues in research ethics and clinical ethics as a result of research scandals such as the Tuskegee Syphilis Study and public debates about the definition of death, medical paternalism, health care rationing, and abortion. As biomedical technologies have advanced, challenging new questions have arisen for bioethics and new sub-disciplines such as neuroethics and public health ethics have entered the scene. This volume features ten original essays on five cutting-edge controversies in bioethics written by leading philosophers.





I. Research Ethics: How Should We Justify Ancillary Care Duties?



II. Clinical Ethics: Are Psychopaths Morally Accountable?



III. Reproductive Ethics: Is There A Solution to the Non-Identity Problem?



IV. Neuroethics: What is Addiction and Does It Excuse?



V. Public Health Ethics: Is Luck Egalitarianism Implausibly Harsh?





S. Matthew Liao and Collin O’Neil’s concise introduction to the essays in the volume, the annotated bibliographies and study questions for each controversy, and the supplemental guide to additional current controversies in bioethics give the reader a broad grasp of the different kinds of challenges in bioethics.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements



Contributors





Bioethics: Current Controversies



S. Matthew Liao and Collin O’Neil





Part I



Research Ethics: How Should We Justify Ancillary Care Duties?









  1. Locating Medical Researchers’ Ancillary-Care Obligations within the Division of Moral Labor




  2. Henry S. Richardson







  3. The Grounds of Ancillary Care Duties




  4. S. Matthew Liao and Collin O’Neil





    Part I Suggested Readings





    Part II



    Clinical Ethics: Are Psychopaths Morally Accountable?







  5. Fine Cuts of Moral Agency: Dissociable Deficits in Psychopathy and Autism




  6. Dana Kay Nelkin







  7. Holding Psychopaths Responsible and the Guise of the Good




  8. Agnieszka Jaworska





    Part II Suggested Readings





     



    Part III



    Reproductive Ethics: Is There a Solution to the Non-Identity Problem?







  9. Dividing and Conquering the Nonidentity Problem




  10. Melinda A. Roberts and David T. Wasserman







  11. The Nonidentity Problem: United and Unconquered




  12. Saul Smilansky





    Part III Suggested Readings





     



    Part IV



    Neuroethics: What Is Addiction and Does It Excuse?







  13. Addiction, Habits, and Blame




  14. Timothy Schroeder and Nomy Arpaly







  15. How Addicts Lose Control




  16. Neil Levy





    Part IV Suggested Readings





     



    Part V



    Public Health Ethics: Is Luck Egalitarianism Implausibly Harsh?





     





  17. Rarely Harsh and Always Fair: Luck Egalitarianism and Unhealthy Choices




  18. Zofia Stemplowska







  19. Luck Egalitarianism, Harshness, and the Rule of Res

About the Editors

S. Matthew Liao is Arthur Zitrin Professor of Bioethics, Director of the Center for Bioethics, and Affiliated Professor of Philosophy, New York University. He is the author or editor of The Right to Be Loved (2015) and Moral Brains: The Neuroscience of Morality (2016), and co-edited Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights (2015). He has been featured in the New York Times and other media outlets and is the Editor in Chief for the Journal of Moral Philosophy.





Collin O’Neil is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Lehman College, City University of New York. His recent publications have appeared in Philosophy & Public Affairs, American Journal of Bioethics, and Journal of Law, Medicine, and Ethics.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PHI000000
PHILOSOPHY / General