Current Controversies in Values and Science asks ten philosophers to debate five questions (two philosophers per debate) that are driving contemporary work in this important area of philosophy of science. The book is perfect for the advanced student, building up her knowledge of the foundations of the field while also engaging its most cutting-edge questions. Introductions and annotated bibliographies for each debate, preliminary descriptions of each chapter, study questions, and a supplemental guide to further controversies involving values in science help provide clearer and richer snapshots of active controversies for all readers.
The ten specially-commissioned articles in this volume capture the excitement and challenges of one of the hottest areas of contemporary philosophy of science. Written for the advanced student of philosophy, these essays will equally engage the interest of the seasoned professional.
--Janet Kourany, University of Notre Dame
List of Contributors
Introduction: Values and Science: Current Controversies
Kevin C. Elliott and Daniel Steel
Part I - Epistemic Values: Can We Distinguish Epistemic from Non-Epistemic Values?
1 Distinguishing Between Cognitive and Social Values
2 The Borderlands Between Epistemic and Non-Epistemic Values
Part II - Epistemic Priority: Must Science Be Committed to Prioritizing Epistemic over Non-Epistemic Values?
3 Qualified Epistemic Priority: Comparing Two Approaches to Values in Science
4 Values in Science: Against Epistemic Priority
Matthew J. Brown
Part III - Inductive Risk: Does the Argument from Inductive Risk Justify Incorporating Non-Epistemic Values in Scientific Reasoning?
5 Why Inductive Risk Requires Values in Science
6 Why the Argument from Inductive Risk Doesn’t Justify Incorporating Non-Epistemic Values in Scientific Reasoning
Part IV - Diversity: Can Social Diversity Be Best Incorporated into Science by Adopting the Social Value Management Ideal?
7 Can Social Diversity Be Best Incorporated into Science by Adopting the Social Value Management Ideal?
8 Feminism, Values, and the Bias Paradox: Why Value Management Is Not Sufficient
Part V - Democracy: To Ensure That Scientific Institutions Serve Values of Social Justice and Democracy, Should Biomedical Research Be Socialized?
9 Socializing Medical Research
James Robert Brown
10 Meanwhile, Why Not Biomedical Capitalism?
Suggestions for Further Reading
Supplemental Guide to Further Controversies
In venerable Socratic fashion, philosophy proceeds best through reasoned conversation. Current Controversies in Philosophy provides short, accessible volumes that cast a spotlight on ongoing central philosophical conversations. In each book, pairs of experts debate four or five key issues of contemporary concern, setting the stage for students, teachers and researchers to join the discussion. Short chapter descriptions precede each chapter, and an annotated bibliography and study questions conclude each debate. In addition, each volume includes both a general introduction and a supplemental guide to further controversies. Combining timely debates with useful pedagogical aids allows the volumes to serve as clear and detailed snapshots, for all levels of readers, of some the most exciting work happening in philosophy today.