This annual series presents research on the theory and practice of management. Volume 9 includes papers presented at the 2003 joint conference of the International Conference on Advances in Management (ICAM) and Korean Association of Public Administration. This volume exemplifies ICAM's comparative orientiation in its broad scope of management perspectives, in its diverse locations of its research as well as its application, and in its comparisons of findings, methodologies, and operational definitions. Part 1, "Organization Theory, Change, and Effectiveness," discusses the relationship between ethical orientation and crisis management, before and after the World Trade Center attacks, and high success rates of organizational development and modern Hindu work ethics. Part 2, "Behavior and Attitudes in Organizations," offers a nuanced perspective on organization's behavior, academic wisdom versus practical realities in organization, and regulatory focus as a determinant of occupational status. Part 3, "Business and Society, Ethics and Values," looks at crises in corporations and government due to corruption and unethical behavior. Part 4, "International and Cross-Cultural Management," looks at studies on leader power and how it is associated with subordinates' conflict-management strategies and propensity to leave a job in four countries, the role of commitment to change as it is associated with reaction to organizational change in India, and effective management of interdepartmental conflict in Greece. Part 5 looks at the number of levels in multi-level organizational research. This volume will be of particular interest to corporate executives, economists, and labor studies specialists.