This book examines new and challenging political aspects of cyber security and presents it as an issue defined by socio-technological uncertainty and political fragmentation.
Structured along two broad themes and providing empirical examples for how socio-technical changes and political responses interact, the first part of the book looks at the current use of cyber space in conflictual settings, while the second focuses on political responses by state and non-state actors in an environment defined by uncertainties. Within this, it highlights four key debates that encapsulate the complexities and paradoxes of cyber security politics from a Western perspective – how much political influence states can achieve via cyber operations and what context factors condition the (limited) strategic utility of such operations; the role of emerging digital technologies and how the dynamics of the tech innovation process reinforce the fragmentation of the governance space; how states attempt to uphold stability in cyberspace and, more generally, in their strategic relations; and how the shared responsibility of state, economy, and society for cyber security continues to be re-negotiated in an increasingly trans-sectoral and transnational governance space.
This book will be of much interest to students of cyber security, global governance, technology studies, and international relations.
The Open Access version of this book, available at www.taylorfrancis.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.
1. Introduction: Cyber security between socio-technological uncertainty and political fragmentation
Myriam Dunn Cavelty and Andreas Wenger
Part I: Socio-technical transformations and cyber conflict trends
2. Influence operations and other conflict trends
Marie Baezner and Sean Cordey
3. A threat to democracies? An overview of theoretical approaches and empirical measurements for studying the effects of disinformation
Wolf J. Schünemann
4. Cultural violence and fragmentation on social media: Interventions and countermeasures by humans and social bots
Jasmin Haunschild, Marc-André Kaufhold and Christian Reuter
5. Artificial intelligence and the offence–defense balance in cyber security
Matteo E. Bonfanti
6. Quantum computing and classical politics: The ambiguity of advantage in signals intelligence
Jon R. Lindsay
7. Cyberspace in space: Fragmentation, vulnerability, and uncertainty
Johan Eriksson and Giampiero Giacomello
Part II: Political responses in a complex environment
8. Cyber uncertainties: Observations from cross-national war games
Miguel Alberto Gomez and Christopher Whyte
9. Uncertainty and the study of cyber deterrence: The case of Israel’s limited reliance on cyber deterrence
10. Cyber securities and cyber security politics: Understanding different logics of German cyber security policies
11. Battling the bear: Ukraine’s approach to national cyber and information security
12. Uncertainty, fragmentation, and international obligations as shaping influences: Cyber security policy development in Albania
13. Big tech’s push for norms to tackle uncertainty in cyberspace
14. Disrupting the second oldest profession: The impact of cyber on intelligence
15. Understanding transnational cyber attribution: Moving from ‘whodunit’ to who did it
Brenden Kuerbis, Farzaneh Badiei, Karl Grindal and Milton Mueller
16. Conclusion: The ambiguity of cyber security politics in the context of multidimentional uncertainty
Andreas Wenger and Myriam Dunn Cavelty