Cyber and Electromagnetic Threats in Modern Relay Protection provides a detailed overview of the vulnerabilities of digital protection relays to natural and intentional destructive impacts, including cyber attacks and electromagnetic intrusions. From lightning strikes, electromagnetic fields generated by operating equipment, and issues with control cable shielding to modern technical tools that realize intentional destructive impacts remotely, this first-of-its-kind text covers the latest cyber and electromagnetic threats to digital protection relays.
Emphasizing the importance of relay protection to the infrastructure of a country, this book:
Cyber and Electromagnetic Threats in Modern Relay Protection is a valuable reference for engineers involved in the design, development, and use of relay protection. It is also beneficial for scientists, researchers, and students of vocational schools and technical universities.
Technological Advance in Relay Protection: Dangerous Tendencies
Issues of Philosophy in Relay Protection
Extrusion into the Historical Domain
About Technological Advance
Smart Grid: One More Dangerous Vector of the "Technological Advantages" in Power Industry
Smart Grid Russian Style
Smart Grid: Western Style
Dangerous Tendencies in the Development of the Relay Protection
What to Do?
Natural Electromagnetic Effects on Digital Protective Relays
Electromagnetic Vulnerability of DPR
Switching Processes and Electromagnetic Fields Generated by Operating Equipment
Issues with Control Cable Shielding
Distortion of Signals in the Current Transformer Circuits
Harmonics Impact in the Measured Current and Voltage on DPR
Quality of Voltage in the Supply Mains
Intentional Destructive Electromagnetic Impacts
Classification and Specification of Intentional Electromagnetic Destructive Impacts
IDEI’s Impact on Digital Protection Relays
Main Regulatory Documents in the Field of IDEI
Vulnerability of Modern Relay Protection to Cyber Attacks
Are Widely Known Measures of Information Security Enough to Ensure Reliable Operation of Digital Protective Relays?
Reducing the Vulnerability of Digital Protective Relays to Intentional Remote Destructive Impacts
Passive Methods for Protection against Intentional Destructive Electromagnetic Impacts
Improving Durability of DPR
Active Method for Combined Protection of DPR against Cyber and Electromagnetic Threats
Device for Active DPR Protection
General Recommendations for Selection of Hardware Components of Protection Device
Reed Switch Relays with Adjustable Actuation Threshold
Technical and Economic Aspects of Active Method DPR Protection
Power Transformer Protection
Increasing Security of Remote Control of Circuit Breakers from Intentional Destructive Impacts
Unification: An Important Way for Quick Restoration of Relay Protection after Intentional Destructive Impacts
Actual Situation and Problems in Unification of Construction of the Digital Protective Relays
Is There Any Way to Solve These Problems?
Realization of the Proposed Concept
What Are the Advantages of the Proposed DPR Development?
Unifications in the Technical Specifications
Unification in Evaluating Reliability of Digital Protective Relays
Problems with Using MTBF to Evaluate Reliability of DPR
New Criterion for DPR Reliability Evaluation