Cyber and Electromagnetic Threats in Modern Relay Protection  book cover
1st Edition

Cyber and Electromagnetic Threats in Modern Relay Protection

ISBN 9781482264319
Published December 6, 2014 by CRC Press
218 Pages 135 B/W Illustrations

FREE Standard Shipping
SAVE $44.00
was $220.00
USD $176.00

Prices & shipping based on shipping country


Book Description

Cyber and Electromagnetic Threats in Modern Relay Protection provides a detailed overview of the vulnerabilities of digital protection relays to natural and intentional destructive impacts, including cyber attacks and electromagnetic intrusions. From lightning strikes, electromagnetic fields generated by operating equipment, and issues with control cable shielding to modern technical tools that realize intentional destructive impacts remotely, this first-of-its-kind text covers the latest cyber and electromagnetic threats to digital protection relays.

Emphasizing the importance of relay protection to the infrastructure of a country, this book:

  • Explains how technological advances in the power industry, like the smart grid, can create dangerous vulnerabilities
  • Discusses traditional passive means of protection, such as screened cabinets, filters, cables, special materials, and covers
  • Describes advanced protective solutions based on hardware methods

Cyber and Electromagnetic Threats in Modern Relay Protection is a valuable reference for engineers involved in the design, development, and use of relay protection. It is also beneficial for scientists, researchers, and students of vocational schools and technical universities.

Table of Contents




Technological Advance in Relay Protection: Dangerous Tendencies

Issues of Philosophy in Relay Protection

Extrusion into the Historical Domain

About Technological Advance

Smart Grid: One More Dangerous Vector of the "Technological Advantages" in Power Industry

Smart Grid Russian Style

Smart Grid: Western Style

Dangerous Tendencies in the Development of the Relay Protection

What to Do?


Natural Electromagnetic Effects on Digital Protective Relays

Electromagnetic Vulnerability of DPR

Lightning Strikes

Switching Processes and Electromagnetic Fields Generated by Operating Equipment

Issues with Control Cable Shielding

Distortion of Signals in the Current Transformer Circuits

Harmonics Impact in the Measured Current and Voltage on DPR

Quality of Voltage in the Supply Mains







Intentional Destructive Electromagnetic Impacts

Classification and Specification of Intentional Electromagnetic Destructive Impacts

IDEI’s Impact on Digital Protection Relays

Main Regulatory Documents in the Field of IDEI


Vulnerability of Modern Relay Protection to Cyber Attacks

Dangerous Tendencies

Cyber Security

Are Widely Known Measures of Information Security Enough to Ensure Reliable Operation of Digital Protective Relays?


Reducing the Vulnerability of Digital Protective Relays to Intentional Remote Destructive Impacts

Passive Methods for Protection against Intentional Destructive Electromagnetic Impacts

Improving Durability of DPR

Active Method for Combined Protection of DPR against Cyber and Electromagnetic Threats

Device for Active DPR Protection

General Recommendations for Selection of Hardware Components of Protection Device

Reed Switch Relays with Adjustable Actuation Threshold

Technical and Economic Aspects of Active Method DPR Protection

Power Transformer Protection

Increasing Security of Remote Control of Circuit Breakers from Intentional Destructive Impacts


Unification: An Important Way for Quick Restoration of Relay Protection after Intentional Destructive Impacts

Actual Situation and Problems in Unification of Construction of the Digital Protective Relays

Is There Any Way to Solve These Problems?

Realization of the Proposed Concept

What Are the Advantages of the Proposed DPR Development?

Unifications in the Technical Specifications

Unification in Evaluating Reliability of Digital Protective Relays

Problems with Using MTBF to Evaluate Reliability of DPR

New Criterion for DPR Reliability Evaluation




View More



Vladimir I. Gurevich holds an MS in electrical engineering from Kharkov Technical University and a Ph.D from Kharkov National Polytechnic University, both of Ukraine. He is currently a senior specialist and head of section for the Central Electric Laboratory at the Israel Electric Corporation, Haifa. Previously, he was a teacher, assistant professor, associate professor, and honorable professor at Kharkov Technical University, and the chief engineer and director of Inventor, Ltd. Dr. Gurevich is the author of more than 180 professional papers and 11 books, and holds nearly 120 patents in electrical engineering and power electronics.