Cybernetics and the Philosophy of Mind  book cover
1st Edition

Cybernetics and the Philosophy of Mind

ISBN 9781138825536
Published September 30, 2016 by Routledge
278 Pages

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Book Description

This book, published in 1976, presents an entirely original approach to the subject of the mind-body problem, examining it in terms of the conceptual links between the physical sciences and the sciences of human behaviour. It is based on the cybernetic concepts of information and feedback and on the related concepts of thermodynamic and communication-theoretic entropy.

The foundation of the approach is the theme of continuity between evolution, learning and human consciousness. The author defines life as a process of energy exchange between organism and environment, and evolution as a feedback process maintaining equilibrium between environment and reproductive group. He demonstrates that closely related feedback processes on the levels of the behaving organism and of the organism’s nervous system constitute the phenomena of learning and consciousness respectively. He analyses language as an expedient for extending human information-processing and control capacities beyond those provided by one’s own nervous system, and shows reason to be a mode of processing information in the form of concepts removed from immediate stimulus control. The last chapter touches on colour vision, pleasure and pain, intentionality, self-awareness and other subjective phenomena. Of special interest to the communication theorist and philosopher, this study is also of interest to psychologists and anyone interested in the connection between the physical and life sciences.

Table of Contents

Preface  Part 1: The Mind-Body Problem  1. Introduction  Part 2: Fundamentals  2. Information  3. Entropy  4. Feedback  5. Causation  Part 3: Organism and Environment  6. Life  7. Evolution  8. Learning  9. Consciousness  Part 4: Mentality  10. Society  11. Language  12. Reason  13. Subjectivity

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Sayre, Kenneth