Dark Matter: An Introduction, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Dark Matter

An Introduction, 1st Edition

By Debasish Majumdar

CRC Press

269 pages | 41 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2014-08-27
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Description

Dark Matter: An Introduction tackles the rather recent but fast-growing subject of astroparticle physics, encompassing three main areas of fundamental physics: cosmology, particle physics, and astrophysics. Accordingly, the book discusses symmetries, conservation laws, relativity, and cosmological parameters and measurements, as well as the astrophysical behaviors of galaxies and galaxy clusters that indicate the presence of dark matter and the possible nature of dark matter distribution. This succinct yet comprehensive volume:

  • Addresses all aspects essential to the study of dark matter
  • Explores particle candidates for cold dark matter beyond the theory of the standard model, providing examples of basic extensions and introducing theories such as supersymmetry and extra dimensions
  • Explains—in simple text and mathematical formulations—calculation of the freeze-out temperature of a dark matter species and its relic density
  • Provides theoretical background for dark matter scattering off a target, event rate calculation, and dark matter annihilation essential to study direct and indirect detection of dark matter

Complete with a detailed review of the latest dark matter experiments and techniques, Dark Matter: An Introduction is an ideal text for beginning researchers in the field as well as for general readers with an inquisitive mind, as the important topic of astroparticle physics is treated both pedagogically and with deeper insight.

Reviews

"… well-chosen references. Altogether, the present work is intended for young researchers pursuing a research career in dark matter in particular, or astroparticle physics or cosmology in general. But the book contains also discussions, which are of interest to a more advanced reader interested in astrophysical aspects of dark matter."

Zentralblatt MATH 1305

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgments

Introduction

Brief Discussion on Relativity

Galilean Transformation

Lorentz Transformation

Electromagnetic Theory

Particle Physics Basics

Leptons and Quarks

Klein–Gordon Equation

Dirac Equation

Symmetries

Discrete Symmetries

Groups and Representations of Groups

Continuous Symmetries

Global Symmetries

Local Symmetries and Abelian Gauge Invariance

Local Symmetries and Non-Abelian Gauge Invariance

SUL (2) × UY (1)

Basics of Cosmology

Time Evolution of Scale Factor a(t)

Flat Universe and Density Parameters

Luminosity Distance

Deceleration Parameter

Bolometric Magnitude

Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation

Evidence of Dark Matter

Rotation Curve of Spiral Galaxies

Dark Matter in Galaxy Clusters

Virial Theorem

Gravitational Lensing

Bullet Cluster

Lyman Alpha Forest

Galactic Halo of Dark Matter

Milky Way Galaxy

Central Bulge and Galactic Center

Galactic Disk

Steller Clusters

Dark Matter in the MilkyWay

Types of Dark Matter

From Thermal History

Thermal Dark Matter

Non-Thermal Dark Matter

On the Basis of Particle Types

Baryonic Dark Matter

Non-Baryonic Dark Matter

From Mass and Speed

Hot Dark Matter

Cold Dark Matter

Role in Structure Formation

Candidates of Dark Matter

Candidates for CDM

Supersymmetric Dark Matter

Kaluza–Klein Dark Matter

Scalar Singlet Dark Matter

Inert Doublet Dark Matter

Candidate for Hot Dark Matter

Axion Dark Matter

Experimental Searches for Axion Dark Matter

Relic Density

Direct Detection of Dark Matter

Basic Principles

Direct Detection Rates

Annual Variations

Daily and Directional Variations

Dark Matter Hunt

Direct Detection Experiments

CDMS Experiment

CRESST Experiment

DAMA Experiment

CoGENT Dark Matter Search

XENON Dark Matter Search

PICASSO Experiment

DRIFT Experiment

Indirect Dark Matter Search

Antimatter Production and Distortion in Cosmic Ray Spectra

Antiproton as an Indirect Probe for Galactic Dark Matter

Positron Excess as Indirect Probe for Dark Matter

Gamma Rays from Dark Matter Annihilation

Dwarf Spheroidals

Neutrinos as a Probe of Indirect Dark Matter Detection

Neutrinos from Solar or Earth Core

Neutrinos from the Galactic Center

Other Dark Matter Candidates

Sterile Neutrino

MACHOs

Inelastic Dark Matter

References

Index

About the Author

Debasish Majumdar is a professor in the Astroparticle Physics and Cosmology Division at the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata, India. His research interests include dark matter, dark energy, neutrino physics, and a statistical approach to nuclear-level and strength densities. He did his Ph.D work at the Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, India. A widely published and respected dark matter research pioneer, he has visited such prestigious institutions as CERN, Geneva, Switzerland; Fermilab, Chicago, Illinois, USA; The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy; and University of Oxford, UK as a researcher and a speaker.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI005000
SCIENCE / Astrophysics & Space Science
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics