We live in a world where democracy is almost universally accepted as the only legitimate form of government but what makes a society democratic remains far from clear. Liberal democratic values are both relativized by the self-description of many non-democratic regimes as 'local' or 'culturally specific' versions of democracy, and undermined by the automatic labelling as 'democratic' of all norms and institutions that are modelled on western states. Decentring the West: The Idea of Democracy and the Struggle for Hegemony aims to demonstrate the urgent need to revisit the foundations of the global democratic consensus. By examining the views of democracy that exist in the countries on the semi-periphery of the world system such as Russia, Turkey, Bolivia, Venezuela, Brazil and China, as well as within the core (Estonia, Denmark and Sweden) the authors emphasize the truly universal significance of democracy, also showing the value of approaching this universality in a critical manner, as a consequence of the hegemonic position of the West in global politics. By juxtaposing, critically re-evaluating and combining poststructuralist hegemony theory and postcolonial studies this book demonstrates a new way to think about democracy as a truly international phenomenon. It thus contributes groundbreaking, thought-provoking insights to the conceptual and normative aspects of this vital debate.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction: Locating International Democracy, Viatcheslav Morozov; Chapter 2 Taking Democracy Seriously, Artemy Magun; Chapter 3 Russia and ‘International Democracy’: Unlocking the Concept, Andrey Makarychev; Chapter 4 Modelling Democracy: Western Hegemony, Turkey and the Middle East, Bahar Rumelili; Chapter 5 The Regional and the Universal: The New Democratic Discourses in the Russian Federation and Latin America, Elena Pavlova; Chapter 6 Democracy and Counter-Hegemony in Latin America: The Cases of Bolivia and Venezuela, João Marcelo E. Maia, Maurício Santoro; Chapter 7 Brazil and South–South Relations: Alternative Settings of Leadership and Institutionalization, Cristina Soreanu Pecequilo; Chapter 8 Harmonious Democracy: China’s Quest for Stability and Justice, Alexander V. Lomanov; Chapter 9 Decentring the West from Within: Estonian Discourses on Russian Democracy, Maria Mälksoo; Chapter 10 Disputed Democratic Identities: The Case of Danish–Swedish Discord, Pertti Joenniemi; Chapter 101 Conclusion: The Contingency of Politics and the Internationalization of Democracy, Viatcheslav Morozov;
Viatcheslav Morozov is Professor of EU-Russia Studies, University of Tartu. His previous publications include Market Democracy in Post-Communist Russia, co-edited in English with M. Lane Bruner, and Russia and Others: Identity and Boundaries of a Political Community published in Russian.
’This is a provocative and wide-ranging collection of essays on the practices and meanings of democracy in the contemporary world outside of the Western "core" countries. Employing theories of hegemony and postcolonial societies, without reducing democracy to an artefact of Western imperialism, Morozov and his collaborators seek to explore the emancipatory possibilities of democratic discourses in the challenging conditions of our increasingly globalized world.’ Jack Donnelly, University of Denver, USA ’Decentring the West addresses the problems of "democracy" at a time when it has become a defining principle for membership and status in international society. By assembling a varied and resourceful set of chapters, Morozov succeeds in intertwining the analysis of the normative content of democracy, in dire need of leaving its conceptual nationalism behind, with the politics of democracy, where contending visions challenge the definitional authority of the West.’ Stefano Guzzini, Danish Institute for International Studies and Uppsala University, Sweden