Decontamination of Heavy Metals: Processes, Mechanisms, and Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Decontamination of Heavy Metals

Processes, Mechanisms, and Applications, 1st Edition

By Jiaping Paul Chen

CRC Press

454 pages | 201 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2012-12-18
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Heavy metals, such as lead, chromium, cadmium, zinc, copper, and nickel, are important constituents of most living organisms, as well as many nonliving substances. Some heavy metals are essential for growth of biological and microbiological lives, yet their presence in excessive quantities is harmful to humans and interferes with many environmental processes. Heavy metals are also nonbiodegradable, making them more difficult to remediate. Decontamination of Heavy Metals: Processes, Mechanisms, and Applications tackles the subject of heavy metals in the environment, with special emphasis on their treatment, removal, recovery, disposal, management, and modeling.

Concepts, Cutting-Edge Technologies, and Applications

The book provides in-depth coverage of the major hazardous heavy metals that are found in water, land, and facilities and that have significant effects on public health and the environment. After an overview of heavy metal contamination, the text reviews the concepts and technologies of pollution prevention. It then examines technologies for metal decontamination, ranging from precipitation—which is the most commonly used—to cutting-edge technologies such as precipitation-crystallization, ion exchange, membrane filtration, and electrolysis. Mathematical models for metal removal and recovery are also included.

Develop a Feasible Total Heavy Metal Control Program

Complementing other books in the Advances in Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment series, this volume presents important research related to the remediation of heavy metals. Extensive references are included for readers who want to trace, duplicate, or improve on a specific industrial hazardous waste treatment practice. A comprehensive handbook for environmental professionals, researchers, and students, it provides technical information to help readers develop a feasible total metal control program that can benefit both industry and local municipalities.


This book covers fundamental theories of metal removal, including calculation of metal ion uptake in environmental systems. Professionals and students working in environmental engineering may find this book a very useful reference. … This book is organized with a deliberately logical flow, defining concepts at the beginning, and gradually building up theories and applications.

—Dr. Gang Chen, Florida State University, USA

Table of Contents

Occurrence and Importance of Heavy Metal Contamination


Economy and Metals

Environmental Importance

Toxicity of Heavy Metals

Guidelines and Standards

Sources of Heavy Metal Contamination

Important Heavy Metals

Pollution Prevention: Principles and Applications


Motivation and Concept

P2 Laws and Regulations

P2 Technologies

P2 Benefits

Pollution Prevention Feasibility

P2 Implementation and Revision

Key Points in P2 Applications

Case Studies

Precipitation Technology





Key Devices in Pre- and Posttreatment Steps

Case Studies

Limitations and Solutions

Precipitation–Crystallization Technology


Description of Technology

Theoretical Background

Important Control Factors

Case Studies

Reduction-Oxidation Processes


Chemical-Induced Reduction Processes

Biological Reduction of Metal Sulfate

Reduction of Hexavalent Chromium

Reduction and Oxidation of Arsenic Species

Electrochemical Technologies


Electrodeposition Technology

Electrocoagulation and Electroflotation

Adsorption: Materials, Chemistry, and Applications


Activated Carbon


Metal Oxide

Adsorption Treatment System

Calculation of Metal Ion Uptake in Environmental Systems

Sorption Reaction

Ion Exchange

Hybrid Model

Computation Tools

Modeling of the Adsorption Process



Each chapter includes references.

About the Author/Editor

Dr. J. Paul Chen is an associate professor of environmental engineering at the National University of Singapore. His research interests are physicochemical treatment of water and wastewater and modeling. He has published more than 100 journal papers and book chapters with a citation count of more than 2,500 and an H-index of 28. Professor Chen is also the co-editor of Heavy Metals in the Environment (CRC Press, 2009). He holds seven patents in the areas of sorption technologies, ballast water management, and exhaust gas treatment. Professor Chen has received various honors and awards, including guest professor of the Hua Zhong University of Science and Technology and Shandong University of China, and Distinguished Overseas Chinese Young Scholar of National Natural Science Foundation of China. He has been recognized as an author of highly cited papers (chemistry and engineering) of ISI Web of Knowledge. Professor Chen received his master’s in engineering from the Tsinghua University of Beijing and his Ph.D. from the Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta.

About the Series

Advances in Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General