Defence Innovation and the 4th Industrial Revolution
Security Challenges, Emerging Technologies, and Military Implications
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This book examines the implications of disruptive technologies of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) on military innovation and the use of force. It provides an in-depth understanding of how both large and small militaries are seeking to leverage 4IR emerging technologies and the effects such technologies may have on future conflicts.
The 4th Industrial Revolution (4IR), the confluence of disruptive changes brought by emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence, robotics, nanotechnologies, and autonomous systems, has a profound impact on the direction and character of military innovation and use of force. The core themes in this edited volume reflect on the position of emerging technologies in the context of previous Revolutions in Military Affairs; compare how large resource-rich states (US, China, Russia) and small resource-limited states (Israel, Sweden, Norway) are adopting and integrating novel technologies and explore the difference between various innovation and adaptation models. The book also examines the operational implications of emerging technologies in potential flashpoints such as the South China Sea and the Baltic Sea.
Written by a group of international scholars, this book uncovers the varying 4IR defence innovation trajectories, enablers, and constraints in pursuing military-technological advantages that will shape the character of future conflicts.
The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Strategic Studies.
Table of Contents
Michael Raska, Katarzyna Zysk, Ian Bowers and Richard A. Bitzinger
1. The sixth RMA wave: Disruption in Military Affairs?
2. From closed to open systems: How the US military services pursue innovation
3. Artificial intelligence in China’s revolution in military affairs
Elsa B. Kania
4. Defence innovation and the 4th industrial revolution in Russia
5. 4IR technologies in the Israel Defence Forces: blurring traditional boundaries
6. Small states and autonomous systems: the Scandinavian case
7. Not so disruptive after all: The 4IR, navies and the search for sea control
Ian Bowers and Sarah Kirchberger
Michael Raska is Assistant Professor and Coordinator of the Military Transformations Programme at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. His research and teaching focus on theoretical and policy-oriented aspects of military innovation, emerging technologies, and East Asian security and defence.
Katarzyna Zysk is Professor of International Relations and Contemporary History at the Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies in Oslo, which is a part of the Norwegian Defence University College in Oslo, Norway. Her research focuses on security, defence, and strategic studies, including Russia’s military strategy and warfare, maritime security and geopolitics in the Arctic, military change, and defence innovation.
Ian Bowers is Associate Professor at the Centre for Joint Operations at the Royal Danish Defence College in Copenhagen. His research focuses on the implications of multi-domain operations for small states, the application of seapower, deterrence, and East Asian security.