This book is concerned with environmental movements in Hungary and Russia. It gives considerable attention to political opposition under state socialism and the historical experience of democracy in the pre-socialist period. .
1. Introduction 2. "A Little Bit to the East from the West and a Little Bit to the West from the East": Democratic Development in Hungary 3. The Historical Absence of a Democratic Tradition: the Case of Russia 4. Pluralism, Opposition and Civil Society in Soviet-Type Regimes: in Conceptual Debates and in Practice 5. Hungarian Environmental Movements: Case Studies and Analysis 6. Environmental Movements in Russia 7. Local and National Authorities Versus Environmental Movements: the Hungarian Case 8. Local and National Authorities versus Environmental Movements: the Russian Case 9. A Comparison of Russian and Hungarian Environmental Movements 10. The Relevance of Western Theories in Eastern Europe 11. Conclusion