In contrast with the progressive dilution of religions predicted by traditional liberal and Marxist approaches, religions remain important for many people, even in Europe, the most secularised continent. In the context of increasingly culturally diverse societies, this calls for a reinterpretation of the secular legacy of the Enlightenment and also for an updating of democratic institutions.
This book focuses on a central question: are the classical secularist arrangements well equipped to tackle the challenge of fast-growing religious pluralism? Or should we move to new post-secular arrangements when dealing with pluralism in Europe? Offering an interdisciplinary approach that combines political theory and legal analysis, the authors tackle two interrelated facets of this controversial question. They begin by exploring the theoretical perspective, asking what post-secularism is and looking at its relation to secularism. The practical consequences of this debate are then examined, focusing on case-law through four empirical case studies.
This book will be of interest to students and scholars of political theory, philosophy, religion and politics, European law, human rights, legal theory and socio-legal studies.
1. Uses and Abuses of Post-secularism. An introduction Camil Ungureanu PART I: Theoretical Approaches. Secularism or post-secularism in Europe? 2. Equal Liberty, Non-Establishment and Religious Freedom Cécile Laborde 3. Religious Pluralism in a Deliberative Democracy Cristina Lafont 4. The Theological and Secular Dimensions of the Modern State: historical and contemporary perspectives John Loughlin 5. Postsecular Awareness and the Depth of Pluralism Paolo Monti 6. Reconciling Diversity and Solidarity? A Critical Look at Charles Taylor’s Conception of Secularism Bernard Gagnon PART II: From Theory to Practice. Religion and the European Court of Human Rights 7. Religious Pluralism: the Case of the European Court of Human Rights Javier Martínez-Torrón 8. A Marriage Made in Heaven? The Relationship between Religious Pluralism and Secularism Lorenzo Zucca 9. Conscientious Objection to Same-Sex Marriage: Politics by other Means Daniel Gamper 10. The Conundrum of Pluralism and the Doctrine of the Margin of Appreciation: the Crucifix affair and the Ambivalence of the ECtHR Marisa Iglesias – Camil Ungureanu 11. Religions and Liberal Democracies. Final Remarks Ferran Requejo