This book reviews the interplay between domestic contexts and democracy promotion efforts in selected countries of the former Soviet Union and the Western Balkans. The idea behind the six case studies is twofold. In the three cases where ‘colour revolutions’ occurred (Serbia, Georgia, Ukraine), the authors explore the extent to which external democracy promoters adapted their strategies to respond to new domestic contexts. In the other three cases (Azerbaijan, Belarus, Russia) the authors investigate how the political leadership has reacted to ‘colour revolutions’ elsewhere and which consequences their reactions have had for democracy promotion. In all cases an assessment of democratization processes in the country is provided as a basis for drawing conclusions about the potential for domestic and foreign actors to promote democratic development. An introduction and conclusion embed the case studies in the existing literature on democracy promotion and generalize the findings across the countries studied.
On the practical level, the volume offers suggestions for improving democracy promotion endeavours, proposing in particular a more balanced approach which goes beyond supporting specific individuals and organizations to include addressing the structural level.
This book was published as a special issue of Democratization.
1. Democracy promotion before and after the ‘colour revolutions’ Susan Stewart 2. Which way the wind blows: democracy promotion and international actors in Serbia Aaron Presnall 3. Georgia’s ongoing struggle for a better future continued: democracy promotion through civil society development Marina Muskhelishvili and Gia Jorjoliani 4. External democracy promotion in Ukraine: the role of the European Union Iryna Solonenko 5. European democracy promotion in Russia before and after the ‘colour’ revolutions Sinikukka Saari 6. Outpost of tyranny? The failure of democratization in Belarus David R. Marples 7. Internal and external factors in the democratization of Azerbaijan Aytan Gahramanova 8. The interplay of domestic contexts and external democracy promotion: lessons from Eastern Europe and the South Caucasus Susan Stewart 9. Epilogue. Structure vs. agency: recent developments in democracy promotion
The journal, Democratization, emerged in 1994, during ‘the third wave of democracy’, a period which saw democratic transformation of dozens of regimes around the world. Over the last decade or so, the journal has published a number of special issues as books, each of which has focused upon cutting edge issues linked to democratization. Collectively, they underline the capacity of democratization to induce debate, uncertainty, and perhaps progress towards better forms of politics, focused on the achievement of the democratic aspirations of men and women everywhere.