What is the relationship between democracy and political culture in countries undergoing major systemic change? Have subjective political orientations of citizens been important in shaping the development of democracy in central and eastern Europe after the fall of communism?
These core questions are tackled by an impressive range of twenty political scientists, sixteen of which are based in the central and eastern European countries covered in this essential new book. Their analyses draw on a unique set of data collected and processed by the contributors to this volume within the framework of the World Values Survey project. This data enables these authors to establish similarities and differences in support of democracy between a large number of countries with different cultural and structural conditions as well as historical legacies.
The macro-level findings of the book tend to support the proposition that support of democracy declines the further east one goes. In contrast, micro-level relationships have been found to be astonishingly similar. For example, support of democracy is always positively related to higher levels of education – no matter where an individual citizen happens to live. This new book builds a clear understanding of what makes democracies strong and resistant to autocratic temptation.
Table of Contents
Introduction Support for Democracy and Autocracy in Eastern Europe Hans-Dieter Klingemann, Dieter Fuchs, Susanne Fuchs, and Jan Zielonka
Part I Comparative Perspectives
Chapter 1 Democratic Communities in Europe: A Comparison between East and West Dieter Fuchs and Hans-Dieter Klingemann
Chapter 2 East European Value Systems in Global Perspective Ronald Inglehart
Chapter 3 Historical and Cultural Borderlines in Eastern Europe Gabriel Badescu
Part II National Perspectives
Chapter 4 The Czech Republic: Critical Democrats and the Persistence of Democratic Values Zdenka Mansfeldova
Chapter 5 Slovenia in Central Europe: Merely Meteorological or a Value Kinship? Vlado Miheljak
Chapter 6 Hungary: Structure and Dynamics of Democratic Consolidation Christian W. Haerpfer
Chapter 7 Slovakia: Pathways to a Democratic Community Silvia Mihalikova
Chapter 8 Poland: Citizens and Democratic Politics Renata Siemienska
Chapter 9 Latvia: Democracy as an Abstract Value Ilze Koroleva and Ritma Rungule
Chapter 10 Lithuania: Civic Society and Democratic Orientation Rasa Alisauskiene
Chapter 11 Estonia: Changing Value Patterns in a Divided Society Mikk Titma and Andu Raemmer
Chapter 12 Romania: Fatalistic Political Cultures Revisited Alina Mungiu-Pippidi
Chapter 13 Bulgaria: Democratic Orientations in Support of Civil Society Andrei Raichev and Antony Todorov
Chapter 14 Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine: Construction of Democratic Communities Elena Bashkirova
Hans-Dieter Klingemann is Professor of Political Science (emeritus) at the Freie Universität, Berlin, and Director (emeritus), Social Science Research Center Berlin, Germany.
Dieter Fuchs is Professor of Political Science at the University of Stuttgart, Germany.
Jan Zielonka is Ralf Dahrendorf Fellow in European Politics at St. Anthony’s College, Oxford, UK.