1st Edition

Democratic Backsliding in Post-Mubarak Egypt

By Arshad Copyright 2025
    240 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Arshad examines the phenomenon of ‘democratic backsliding’ in post-2011 Egypt. Capturing a critical juncture in Egyptian politics, this book explains the failure of Egypt’s nascent democratic experiment and its relapse into authoritarianism.

    Egypt is the crucial playbook to understand the reversal of a country towards an authoritarian regime and what measures state and non-state actors should employ to prevent backsliding. The book is an essential model for understanding democratic backsliding through ‘structural and agential’ factors. The former encompasses society, politics, economics, and the military, while the latter deals with the choices and attitudes of the leadership during the political transition. Providing crucial insights into what went wrong during the democratic transition process, this text acts as a guide to curbing the rise of authoritarian regimes in the face of the next potential revolution.

    A valuable resource for scholars who are interested in democratization, authoritarian regimes, military leadership, political protests, and political leadership.  

    Introduction: Democratic Transition and its Challenges

    1. Military Establishment in Egypt

    2. Political Party System and Civil Society in Egypt

    3. Role of Mohammed Morsi’s Presidency in Political Transition 

    Conclusion: Rise of Abdel Fatah al-Sisi


    Arshad is a Fellow at Indian Council of World Affairs.