Since the structural change in Indian society that began in the 1990s - the result of the liberalisation of the economy, devolution of power, and decentralisation of the government–an unprecedented, democratic transformation has been taking place. This has caused the emergence of unexpected coalitions and alliances across diverse castes, classes, and religious groups according to the issues involved.
In this volume, we intend to understand this deepening of democracy by employing a new analytical framework of the 'vernacular public arena' where negotiations, dialogues, debates, and contestations occur among 'vernacular publics'. This reflects the profound changes in Indian democracy as diverse social groups, including dalits, adivasis, and Other Backward Classes; minorities, women; individuals from rural areas, towns, and cities; the poor and the new middle classes–the 'vernacular publics'–participate in new ways in India’s public life. This participation is not confined to electoral politics, but has extended to the public arenas in which these groups have begun to raise their voice publicly and to negotiate and engage in dialogue with each other and the wider world. Contributors demonstrate that the participation of vernacular publics has resulted in the broadening of Indian democracy itself which focuses on the ways of governance, improving people’s lives, life chances, and living environments.
An original, comprehensive study that furthers our understanding of the unfolding political dynamism and the complex reshuffling and reassembling taking place in Indian society and politics, this book will be relevant to academics with an interest in South Asian Studies from a variety of disciplines, including Political Science, Sociology, Anthropology, and Media Studies.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: The Vernacular Public Arena and Democratic Transformation in India 2. Politics of Relations and the Emergence of Vernacular Public Arena: Global Networks of Development and Livelihood in Odisha, Akio Tanabe & Yumiko Tokita-Tanabe 3. Social Politics: Youth Vernacular Action in the Indian Himalayas, Craig Jeffrey & Jane Dyson 4. Empowering the Vernacular Publics: Civil Society and Democratic Participation in Rajasthan, Sarbeswar Sahoo 5. News Media and Political Participation: Re-evaluating Democratic Deepening in India, Taberez Ahmed Neyazi 6. Jan Andolans and Alternate Politics in India: Symbiotic Interactions, Vernacular Publics and News Media in Jan Lokpal Andolan, Anup Kumar 7. Ways of Democracy: Making Politics Work for the Urban Poor, Bishnu N. Mohapatra 8. Re-evaluating the Chipko (Forest Protection) Movement: The Emergence of Vernacular Publics in the Uttarakhand, Shinya Ishizaka 9. Grassroots and Vernacular Articulations: Politics and Popular Democracy in Uttar Pradesh Villages, Badri Narayan 10. Caste and Vernacular Politics in Tamil Nadu, South India, Andrew Wyatt 11. Against the Public Sphere: The Morals of Disclosure and the "Vernacular Public Sphere" in Rural Rajasthan, Anastasia Piliavsky 12. Communal Riots and States: A Comparative Study of Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh, Norio Kondo
Taberez Ahmed Neyazi is an Assistant Professor at the Centre for Culture, Media & Governance at Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi. He has been a Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Postdoctoral (JSPS) Fellow at Kyoto University and a Visiting Fellow at the East-West Center in Hawaii.
Akio Tanabe is Professor at the Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies and the Director of the Center for the Study of Contemporary India, Kyoto University. His publications include the award-winning Caste and equality: Historical anthropology of local society and vernacular democracy in India (in Japanese) (Tokyo, 2010).
Shinya Ishizaka is a Visiting Associate Professor, Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University and Research Fellow, Center for Area Studies, National Institutes for the Humanities. He is the author of Environmental movement in India: Gandhism and 'connective politics' (in Japanese) (Kyoto, 2011).