We are living in a time when social and political authoritarianism appear to be gaining ground around the world. This book presents the democratic practices, spaces and processes that engage directly with the theoretical assumptions advanced by the epistemologies of the South, summoning other contexts and empirical realities that attest to the possibility of a renewal and deepening of democracy beyond the liberal and representative canon, which is embedded within a world capitalist system.
The chapters in this book put forward the ideas of demodiversity, of high-intensity democracy, of the articulation between representative democracy and participatory democracy as well as, in certain contexts, between both these and other forms of democratic deliberation, such as the communitarian democracy of the indigenous and peasant communities of Africa, Latin America and Asia.
The challenge undertaken in this book is to demand utopia, imagining a post-abyssal democracy that permits the democratizing, decolonizing, decommodifying and depatriarchalizing of social relations. This post-abyssal democracy obliges us to satisfy the maximum definition of democracy and not the minimum, transforming society into fields of democratization that permeate the structural spaces of contemporary societies.
Table of Contents
Boaventura de Sousa Santos and José Manuel Mendes
Part I - The pluriverse of democracy
Chapter 1: A new vision for Europe: learning from the Global South
Boaventura de Sousa Santos
Chapter 2: Should Europe learn from Indian secularism?
Chapter 3: Democracy and democratization in Africa: interrogating paradigms and practices
Chapter 4: This world cut into two
Chapter 5: For a politics of revolutionary love
Chapter 6: Andine micropolitics: elementary forms of daily insurgency
Silvia Rivera Cusicanqui
Chapter 7: Politics after the defeat of politics: post-democracy, post-politics and populism
Juan Carlos Monedero
Part II - Struggles for demodiversity
Chapter 8: "Carry their rights, their own way": Dalit struggle for equality
José Manuel Mendes
Chapter 9: The Passe Livre movement in Brazil and the sociology of possibilities
João Alexandre Peschanski
Chapter 10: Another democracy is possible: learnings and lessons for a radical democracy based, the political experience of Chéran, Mexico
Orlando Aragón Andrade
Chapter 11: Aymara Andine democracy: Taypi and deliberative diversity towards intercultural democracy
List of contributors
Boaventura de Sousa Santos is Emeritus Professor of Sociology and Director Emeritus of the Centre for Social Studies at the University of Coimbra (Portugal) and Distinguished Legal Scholar at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (USA). He has written extensively on globalization, sociology of law and the state, epistemology and social movements. His most recent publications are (with Maria Paula Meneses) Knowledges Born in the Struggle: Constructing the Epistemologies of the Global South (2019) and The End of the Cognitive Empire: The Coming of Age of Epistemologies of the South (2018).
José Manuel Mendes is an Associate Professor with Aggregation at the University of Coimbra (Portugal). He is also researcher at the Centre for Social Studies, where he works in the fields of risk and social vulnerability, planning, public policies and citizenship. His most recent work in English is (with F. Freitas) “Disaster, Reconstruction, and Data for Social Good: The Case of Wildfires in Portugal,” International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment (2019).