1st Edition

Denial: The Final Stage of Genocide?

Edited By John Cox, Amal Khoury, Sarah Minslow Copyright 2022
    238 Pages 6 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    238 Pages 6 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Genocide denial not only abuses history and insults the victims but paves the way for future atrocities. Yet few, if any, books have offered a comparative overview and analysis of this problem. Denial: The Final Stage of Genocide? is a resource for understanding and countering denial.

    Denial spans a broad geographic and thematic range in its explorations of varied forms of denial—which is embedded in each stage of genocide.

    Ranging far beyond the most well-known cases of denial, this book offers original, pathbreaking arguments and contributions regarding:

    • competition over commemoration and public memory in Ukraine and elsewhere
    • transitional justice in post-conflict societies;
    • global violence against transgender people, which genocide scholars have not adequately confronted;
    • music as a means to recapture history and combat denial;
    • public education’s role in erasing Indigenous history and promoting settler-colonial ideology in the United States;
    • "triumphalism" as a new variant of denial following the Bosnian Genocide;
    • denial vis-à-vis Rwanda and neighboring Congo (DRC).

    With contributions from leading genocide experts as well as emerging scholars, this book will be of interest to scholars and students of history, genocide studies, anthropology, political science, international law, gender studies, and human rights.


    1. Is Denial the Final Stage? Consolidation and the Metaphysical Dimensions of Denial
    2. Henry C. Theriault

      Commemoration and Memory Cultures in Contemporary Societies

    3. Holomodor and Holocaust Memory in Competition and Cooperation
    4. Kirsten Dyck

    5. Denial and the Duvalier Regime in Haiti
    6. Jean-Philippe Belleau


    7. The Soviet Denial of Murdered Jews’ Identity During and After the Great Patriotic War 
    8. Thomas Earl Porter

    9. Commemorating Seventeenth-Century Dutch Colonial Violence
      Mark Meuwese

      State-Sanctioned and Politicized Forms of Denial

    11. Triumphalism: The Final Stage of Bosnian Genocide
    12. Hikmet Karčić

    13. The Bosnian Genocide and the "Continuum of Denial"
    14. Simon Massey

    15. Beyond Erasure: Indigenous Genocide Denial and Settler Colonialism
    16. Michelle A. Stanley 

    17. Denying Rwanda, Denying Congo
    18. Adam Jones


      New Directions in Analyzing and Countering Denial

    19. Reclaiming the Denied Genocide Victim Identity Through Music
    20. Margarita Tadevosyan

    21. Gendercide in the Twenty-First Century and the Destruction of the Transgender Body
    22. Haley Marie Brown

    23. Toward Trauma-Informed Transitional Justice Praxis

    Jeremy A. Rinker


    John Cox directs the Center for Holocaust, Genocide & Human Rights Studies at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA. Cox’s latest book is To Kill a People: Genocide in the Twentieth Century (2017) and he has written widely on racism, genocide and resistance.

    Amal Khoury is Senior Lecturer of Global Studies at The University of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA. Her research focuses on peacebuilding and post-conflict reconciliation and her recent publications include "Bridging Elite and Grassroots Initiatives: The Road to Sustainable Peace in Syria" in Post-Conflict Power-Sharing Agreements: Options For Syria (2018).

    Sarah Minslow is an Assistant Professor of English at California State University, Los Angeles, USA. She specializes in human-rights education, war and genocide in children's literature, and refugee narratives. Her recent publications include "Coping with Killing? Child Soldier Narratives and Traces of Trauma" in Childhood Traumas: Narratives and Representations (2019).