1st Edition

Dependent Convergence The Struggle to Control Petrochemical Hazards in Brazil and the United States

By Carlos Siqueira Copyright 2003
    272 Pages
    by Routledge

    272 Pages
    by Routledge

    Comparative analyses of social actors and policy outcomes in Bahia and Texas show the similarities and differences in the actors and the policies adopted in each case. As a result of historical and structural developments in Bahia and Texas, Cetrel operates under pollution-control standards and technologies for protecting the environment and workers that are similar to those of the GCA. This convergent trend is characterized as dependent convergence between developing and developed countries. The author makes recommendations for stronger international solidarity among progressive forces in developed and developing countries to promote preventive alternatives to pollution control.


    CHAPTER 1. Migration of Hazards: The Viewpoint of Actors in a Newly Industrializing Country

    CHAPTER 2. One Industry, Two Complexes, Two Companies

    CHAPTER 3. Twenty Years of Petrochemical Production in Bahia

    CHAPTER 4. Benzeno A Vista (Benzene Ho!): The Work Environment Crises of COPEC

    CHAPTER 5. Environmental Management Policies in Cetrel: A Case Study of the Implementation of Pollution Control Policies in the Periphery

    CHAPTER 6. Environmental Management Policies in the Gulf Coast Authority: A Case Study of Pollution Control Policies in the Center

    CHAPTER 7. Dependent Convergence: Comparing Cetrel and GCA Histories

    APPENDIX 1. Research Design

    APPENDIX 2. The Petrochemical Industry

    APPENDIX 3. Time line of the History of the "Pólo Petroquímico de Camaçari"

    APPENDIX 4. CETREL S.A. Environmental Policy

    APPENDIX 5. Bayport Facility Industrial Users in 1997



    Carlos E. Siqueira