Design Synthesis: Integrated Product and Manufacturing System Design, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Design Synthesis

Integrated Product and Manufacturing System Design, 1st Edition

By Graeme Arthur Britton, Seppo Torvinen

CRC Press

380 pages | 84 B/W Illus.

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Paperback: 9781138073746
pub: 2018-06-28
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pub: 2013-10-28
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The biggest challenge in any marketplace is uncertainty. The major changes taking place in world economies, politics, and demographics has raised market uncertainty to its highest level in the past 50 years. However, with new markets opening up in emerging and developing economies, the opportunities have never been better. To compete in this challenging atmosphere, product design/redesign and manufacturing must be integrated to produce better quality products faster and cheaper. Design Synthesis: Integrated Product and Manufacturing System Design provides a conceptual framework and methodologies to do just that.

The book explains how to integrate innovative product design with the design of a batch manufacturing system. It covers the technical and social aspects of integration, presents research and best practices, and embeds integration within a framework of sustainable development. It covers the two methods for achieving design synthesis: integration and harmonisation. Product, manufacturing system, and social system architectures are integrated (united or combined to form a whole that is greater than the sum of the parts). The concurrent processes to design the architectures are harmonised (made compatible or coincident with one another).

Wide in scope, the book supplies a multi-disciplinary perspective and an extensive discussion on how to maintain integrity during the design process. The authors present research and practices that are difficult or almost impossible to find. They describe the different types of system lifecycles and include guidelines on how to select the appropriate lifecycle for a specific design situation.


"The book is about a relevant issue for competitive manufacturing: the integration of product design and manufacturing system design. … The book provides both a conceptual framework and methodologies for the integrated design of product, manufacturing and social system architectures, and for the harmonisation of the concurrent processes needed to design the architectures. … For the contents and the style of presentation, as well as some new critical perspectives, I recommend the book to senior undergraduate students and even to postgraduate engineers and managers. I think that the book is also a good starting point to reflect on the research needs for approaches and methodologies specifically designed to support the product and the manufacturing system life cycle in small and medium enterprises. In this concern, young researchers may find the book a nice reading in order to stimulate further investigation."

—Marco Macchi, in Production Planning & Control, 2016, Vol. 27, No. 4, 343

Table of Contents



What this Book is About

Who this Book is For

Improving Your Learning

About Concept Maps

Introduction to Global Manufacturing

Book Outline

Exercises and Problems


Designing System Architectures


Basic Concepts

System Philosophy

Describing Systems

Describing Boundaries

Describing Environments

Designing System Architectures

Verifying System Architectures

Exercises and Problems


Product Design


Design as a Personal Activity

Design as a Phase

Types of Design Projects

Design of Product Architectures

Design Standardisation

Design and Manufacture

Exercises and Problems


Manufacturing System Design


Project Manufacture

Jobbing Manufacture

Batch Manufacture

Mass Manufacture

Part Manufacturing Cells: Group Technology

Assembly Cells

Global Manufacturing

Exercises and Problems



Prologue to Part II



What is Morality?

Experimentalist Ethics

Ethical Aspects of Professional Life

Ethics and Values in Business

Exercises and Problems


Aesthetic Context


The Nature of Aesthetic Experience

Aesthetic Function

Environmental Aesthetics

Aesthetics of Product Design

Aesthetic Guidelines for Regenerative Development

Exercises and Problems


Social Context

An Ecological Perspective

Maladaptive Responses to Turbulence

Adaptive Responses to Turbulence

Social Guidelines for Regenerative Development

Exercises and Problems


Technological Context


Limits to Business Development

Global Risk Management

Technical Guidelines for Regenerative Development

Exercises and Problems


Environmental Context

Environmental Morality

Limits to Growth

Nurturing the Environment

Environmental Guidelines for Regenerative Development

Exercises and Problems


Economic and Political Context


Banking and Financial Markets

The Capitalist Economy

Income Inequality

10.5 Global Politics

Politico-Economic Guidelines for Regenerative Development

Exercises and Problems


Postscript to Part II



Lifecycle Analysis


Development Lifecycles for Industrial and Consumer Products

Development Lifecycles for a Manufacturing System

Choosing a Lifecycle

Intersecting Lifecycles

Specifying Lifecycles and Reviews

Using Lifecycles for Sustainability Studies

Exercises and Problems


Product and Manufacturing System Architecture Integration


Product Platforms

Modular Product Family Architectures

The Ideal Manufacturing System

Illustrative Modular Design Example

Design Integration Process

Exercises and Problems


Modular Configuration

Configuration Matrices

Process for Creating Configuration Matrices

Configuration Maintenance

Case Study: Ponsse

Exercises and Problems



The Socio-Technical Systems Approach


Work Roles

Analysing the Technological System

Analysing the Social System

Designing the Work Relationship Structure

Managing the System Environment Relationship

Implementing Socio-Technical Systems

Exercises and Problems


Organising People for Manufacturing


Interactive Planning

Modern Socio-Technical Work Group Design

Organisational Design (Structure)

Organisational Design (Vertical Teams)

Organisational Design (Horizontal Teams)

Dealing with Product Demand Variability

Exercises and Problems


Organising People for Design


The Design Team

Design Team Coordination and Integration

Product and Manufacturing Design Team Cross-Linking

Team Management

Organisational Integration

Global Design Teams

Exercises and Problems


Design Management


Tacit Experience Management

Critically Reflective Practice

Managing Concept Integrity

Configuration Management

Exercises and Problems


Glossary of Terms


Appendix A: Design Analysis Techniques

Appendix B: Testing

Appendix C: Phase and Review Definitions for Product-Manufacturing Intersecting Cycles

Appendix D: Throughput Time Analysis

About the Authors

Graeme Britton (DEng., PhD., BE.(hons), C.Eng, FIMechE, Snr.MSME) is Professor and Vice President of Vocational and Technical Education at Raffles University System, a unit of Raffles Education Corporation, Singapore. He has been involved in improving the manufacturing effectiveness of SME's since the 1970's. He is an expert in the design of management and computer-aided systems for engineering companies using systems methodologies and General Graph Theoretic Methods. He has published over a 100 refereed articles on CAD, CAM, CAPP, and manufacturing systems. Graeme has over 30 years experience conducting applied research in industry, including company-specific projects, national projects, and international collaborative research projects. His current research interests are sustainable development and the education and training of engineers.

Seppa Torvinen is a Professor of Production Engineering at Tampere University of Technology, Finland. His areas of interest and expertise are Production Systems Design, Demand Driven Supply Networks, Industrial information systems, Sustainability and Socio­ technical Systems Design.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Engineering (General)
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Design / General