The integration of land use and transport planning is key to making cities sustainable and liveable. Accessibility can provide an effective framework for this integration. However, today there is a significant gap between the advances in scientific knowledge on accessibility and its effective application in planning practice. In order to close this gap, Designing Accessibility Instruments introduces a novel methodology for the joint assessment and development of accessibility instruments by researchers and practitioners.
- provides a theoretical and professional analysis of the main concepts behind the definition, use and measurement of accessibility;
- undertakes a comprehensive inventory and critical analysis of accessibility instruments, focusing on the bottlenecks in their transposition to planning practice;
- introduces and applies a novel methodology for the assessment and improvement of the practical use and usefulness of accessibility instruments;
- presents six in-depth illustrative case study applications of the methodology, representing a range of cities with different geographical and institutional settings, and different levels of urban and transport planning integration.
The book is supported by a companion website – www.accessibilityplanning.eu – which extrapolates its content to a broader scope and keeps it updated and valid with new iterations of the methodology and further advances on the initial and new case studies.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Introduction Chapter 2. Accessibility as the Foundation for Transport and Land-Use Planning Practice Chapter 3. Planning Accessibility To Services – The Journey From Theory To Practice Chapter 4. Why Accessibility Measurement Is Not Merely an Option, But an Absolute Necessity Chapter 5. Accessibility: Operationalising a Concept With Relevance For Planners Chapter 6. Mapping Real Experiences With Accessibility Instruments: A Methodological Approach to Improve Their Design Chapter 7. General Experiences With Accessibility Instruments for Integrated Land Use and Transport Planning Chapter 8. Visualizing the Level of Accessibility Through Public Transport: Testing the Usability of a Tool in the City of Turin Chapter 9. The Tum Accessibility Atlas: A Tool For Research and Practice Chapter 10. Case Study: Adelaide, Australia Chapter 11. Testing Isochrones and Related Measures to Improve Stakeholder's Understandability Of Accessibility Measures Chapter 12. GDATI for Public Transport Accessibility Evaluation and Service. Development in Selected Regions of CRACOW City Area Chapter 13. Usability of Accessibility Instruments in Regional Planning: The Case of Labour Markets and Daily Commuting in the Food Sector in Västra Götaland, Sweden Chapter 14. The Learning Process OF Accessibility Instrument Developers Chapter 15. Bottlenecks Blocking Use Of Accessibility Instruments – Exploring Usability, Usefulness And Institutional Barriers Chapter 16. Bridging The Implementation Gap
Cecília Silva is an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Porto, Portugal. She has previously published four books, and was the Action Chair for the COST TU1002 project.
Luca Bertolini is Professor of Urban and Regional Planning at the Universiteit van Amsterdam, the Netherlands, involved in ongoing research financed by the Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO), and Co-Chair of the Transport Planning and Policy group of AESOP.
Nuno Norte Pinto is Lecturer in Planning and Environmental Management at the University of Manchester, UK, and an Affiliated Researcher with the Center for Urban Policy Studies (University of Manchester) and the Center for Land Policy and Valuation (Technical University of Catalonia, Spain) and a National Delegate for the COST TU1002 Accessibility Instruments for Planning Practice in Europe project.
"This book represents a giant step towards bringing the important concept of accessibility into mainstream planning practice. Not only does it provide a variety of accessibility tools, it explores their usefulness in the planning process and tackles the barriers to their implementation." -Susan Handy, Professor, University of California, Davis, USA
"Accessibility instruments can play a crucial role in the integration of land use and transport planning. This book bridges accessibility research and accessibility planning, with a rich set of lessons learned from applications in planning practices from different continents. This book gives a rich understanding of accessibility concepts and the barriers which impede its use in planning, and explore the frontiers of research and practice in urban and regional planning." -Karst Geurs, Professor of Transport Planning, University of Twente, The Netherlands