Designing Training and Instructional Programs for Older Adults: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Designing Training and Instructional Programs for Older Adults

1st Edition

By Sara J. Czaja, Joseph Sharit

CRC Press

325 pages | 38 B/W Illus.

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Paperback: 9781439847879
pub: 2012-10-19
Hardback: 9781138411500
pub: 2017-07-27
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429165658
pub: 2016-04-19
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Current and emerging trends in the domains of health management and the work sector, the abundance of new consumer products pervading the marketplace, and the desires of many older adults to undertake new learning experiences means that older adults, like their younger counterparts, will need to continually engage in new learning and training. Thus, understanding the challenges that older people face when confronted with new learning and training programs and developing potential strategies to overcome them is imperative. A comprehensive state-of-the-science review, Designing Training and Instructional Programs for Older Adults explores a broad range of issues, from the implications of theories of learning for designing instruction for older adults to adapting current perspectives on methods of instructional design to accommodate the capabilities and limitations of older learners.

The authors provide an understanding of today’s older adults—their demographics, their needs, the challenges facing them, and a realistic appraisal of their abilities and limitations—as a basis for how current knowledge about training and instructional design should be shaped and applied to best accommodate this population of learners. They discuss topics such as retention and transfer of training, sequencing the order of instruction, e-learning, multimedia training formats, and the assessment and evaluation of training programs from the perspective of issues relevant to older learners. They also highlight the challenges presented by this very heterogeneous group that varies tremendously in backgrounds, skills, knowledge, and abilities.

Focusing on how learning occurs, the authors’ balanced coverage makes the book readable and enlightening across a wide spectrum of professionals and academics, including human factors/ergonomics specialists, gerontologists, managers, educators, undergraduate and graduate students, and the design community. The book supplies concise recommendations that will have direct impact on the design of instructional programs and for those individuals who are responsible for the training and performance of older people.

Table of Contents

Introduction and Overview

Demographic Trends

Societal trends

Content of the Book and Approach to the Topic

Recommended Reading

Characteristics of Older Adult Learners


Demographic Profile

Abilities and Older Adults


Recommended Reading

Training Older Adults: An Overview


Aging and Learning: An Overview


Recommended Reading

Learning and Skill Acquisition


Skill Acquisition


Recommended Reading

Retention and Transfer of Training


Transfer of Training


Motivation, Anxiety, and Fatigue





Recommended Reading

The Human Information Processing System—The "Learning Engine"

Revisiting Age-Related Declines in Cognitive Abilities

An Overview of Human Information Processing

A Closer Look at the Role of Information Processing

Cognitive Load Theory and Working Memory

Synthesis: Human Information-Processing System Model with Implications for Older Learners


Recommended Reading

Methods and Approaches to Instruction and Training

Historical Background

The Importance of Sequencing in Instructional Design

Strategies for Sequencing the Order of Instruction

Sequencing Worked Examples and Problem-Solving Exercises

The Four-Component Instructional Design (4C/ID) Model

Active Versus Passive Learning

The Teach-Back and Teach-to-Goal Strategies

Other Ideas and Approaches to Instructional Design


Recommended Reading

Instructional System Design

Historical Background

A Human Factors Perspective to the ISD Model

How Does Age Impact the Human Factors–Influenced ISD Model?

The ADDIE Model


Recommended Reading

Multimedia and e-Learning



Avatars and Virtual Worlds


Recommended Reading

Performance Assessment and Program Evaluation


Models and Approaches to Training Evaluation

Assessment of Training Outcomes


Recommended Reading

Conclusions and Synthesis


Exemplar Applications




About the Series

Human Factors and Aging Series

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Human Resources & Personnel Management
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Engineering
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety