Designing Training and Instructional Programs for Older Adults  book cover
1st Edition

Designing Training and Instructional Programs for Older Adults

ISBN 9781439847879
Published October 19, 2012 by CRC Press
326 Pages 38 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Current and emerging trends in the domains of health management and the work sector, the abundance of new consumer products pervading the marketplace, and the desires of many older adults to undertake new learning experiences means that older adults, like their younger counterparts, will need to continually engage in new learning and training. Thus, understanding the challenges that older people face when confronted with new learning and training programs and developing potential strategies to overcome them is imperative. A comprehensive state-of-the-science review, Designing Training and Instructional Programs for Older Adults explores a broad range of issues, from the implications of theories of learning for designing instruction for older adults to adapting current perspectives on methods of instructional design to accommodate the capabilities and limitations of older learners.

The authors provide an understanding of today’s older adults—their demographics, their needs, the challenges facing them, and a realistic appraisal of their abilities and limitations—as a basis for how current knowledge about training and instructional design should be shaped and applied to best accommodate this population of learners. They discuss topics such as retention and transfer of training, sequencing the order of instruction, e-learning, multimedia training formats, and the assessment and evaluation of training programs from the perspective of issues relevant to older learners. They also highlight the challenges presented by this very heterogeneous group that varies tremendously in backgrounds, skills, knowledge, and abilities.

Focusing on how learning occurs, the authors’ balanced coverage makes the book readable and enlightening across a wide spectrum of professionals and academics, including human factors/ergonomics specialists, gerontologists, managers, educators, undergraduate and graduate students, and the design community. The book supplies concise recommendations that will have direct impact on the design of instructional programs and for those individuals who are responsible for the training and performance of older people.

Table of Contents

Introduction and Overview
Demographic Trends
Societal trends
Content of the Book and Approach to the Topic
Recommended Reading

Characteristics of Older Adult Learners
Demographic Profile
Abilities and Older Adults
Recommended Reading

Training Older Adults: An Overview
Aging and Learning: An Overview
Recommended Reading

Learning and Skill Acquisition
Skill Acquisition
Recommended Reading

Retention and Transfer of Training
Transfer of Training

Motivation, Anxiety, and Fatigue
Recommended Reading

The Human Information Processing System—The "Learning Engine"
Revisiting Age-Related Declines in Cognitive Abilities
An Overview of Human Information Processing
A Closer Look at the Role of Information Processing
Cognitive Load Theory and Working Memory
Synthesis: Human Information-Processing System Model with Implications for Older Learners
Recommended Reading

Methods and Approaches to Instruction and Training
Historical Background
The Importance of Sequencing in Instructional Design
Strategies for Sequencing the Order of Instruction
Sequencing Worked Examples and Problem-Solving Exercises
The Four-Component Instructional Design (4C/ID) Model
Active Versus Passive Learning
The Teach-Back and Teach-to-Goal Strategies
Other Ideas and Approaches to Instructional Design
Recommended Reading

Instructional System Design
Historical Background
A Human Factors Perspective to the ISD Model
How Does Age Impact the Human Factors–Influenced ISD Model?
The ADDIE Model
Recommended Reading

Multimedia and e-Learning
Avatars and Virtual Worlds
Recommended Reading

Performance Assessment and Program Evaluation
Models and Approaches to Training Evaluation
Assessment of Training Outcomes
Recommended Reading

Conclusions and Synthesis
Exemplar Applications


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