Designing Transportation Systems for Older Adults  book cover
1st Edition

Designing Transportation Systems for Older Adults

ISBN 9781482244717
Published June 17, 2019 by CRC Press
186 Pages 31 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This book provides comprehensive information needed to assist with all aspects of designing, delivering, or evaluating transportation systems for use by older adults. It presents the necessary background on aging and human factors issues as well as practical guidelines needed to accommodate older adult transport users.

eBook includes some color figures. 


  • Presents clear design guidance aimed at improving usability among older adults, a too often neglected but fast-growing segment of the transportation system population
  • Includes comprehensive coverage of transportation systems, including the notably important issue of older drivers, but also additional transportation forms including public transportation via bus and subway, air transport, rail, bicycle, and even pedestrians
  • Offers numerous examples throughout of best practices based on both the scientific literature and the content expertise of the authors
  • Discusses practical implications of incorporating the recommended design principles for both older adults and other transport system users
  • Provides useful background about normal age-related changes in sensory, cognitive, and physical abilities that impact older adults and how they interact with transportation systems

Table of Contents

Introduction and Scope. Mobility and Quality of Life. Sensory, Cognitive, and Physical Challenges of Aging Specific to Transportation. Older Adults on the Road. Transportation Infrastructure. Driver Vehicle Interfaces (DVIs) and Older Adults. Older Pedestrians and Cyclists. Design of Older Adult Transportation Training Programs. Alternative Forms of Transportation. Designing Aviation Travel Services for Older Passengers. Automated Vehicle Technologies and Older Adults. Summary, Synthesis, and Conclusions.

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Carryl L. Baldwin received her PhD in human factors psychology from the University of South Dakota in Vermillion, SD in 1997. At the time of this writing Dr. Baldwin was an Associate Professor and Director of the Human Factors and Applied Cognition Program at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia. In Fall of 2019 Dr. Baldwin became the Carl and Rozina Cassat Distinguished Professor of Aging and Director of the Regional Institute of Aging at Wichita State University, in Wichita, Kansas. Her primary research interests are in the areas of auditory and multimodal display design, alarms, advanced driver assistance systems (ADASs), driver behavior, mental workload assessment, aging, operator state classification, and human-automation interaction. Her previous publications include, Auditory Cognition and Human Performance (2012) as well as numerous scientific journal articles book chapters, and conference proceedings. Dr. Baldwin also has expertise in issues pertaining to attention management in autonomous systems, neuroergonomics, and the driving behavior of high crash-risk populations including older adults and fatigued and distracted drivers.

Pamela M. Greenwood received her PhD in physiological psychology from the State University of New York (SUNY) at Stony Brook in 1977. Dr. Greenwood is currently Associate Professor of Psychology at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia. She has long-standing research interests in cognitive aging, cognitive training, and the genetics of cognitive aging in both healthy aging and Alzheimer’s disease. Her previous publications include Nurturing the Older Brain and Mind, MIT Press (2012) and many other peer reviewed journal articles and book chapters. Dr. Greenwood has expertise in cognitive genetics, use of transcranial direct current stimulation in cognitive training, and effects of cognitive aging and Alzheimer’s disease on attention.

Bridget A. Lewis received her PhD in Human Factors and Applied Cognition from George Mason University in 2017. Dr. Lewis is currently working as a Human Factors Engineer for The MITRE Corporation, in McLean, Virginia. Her research interests include multimodal display design, advanced driver assistance systems, medical human factors, aviation systems, and enhancing accessibility for transportation systems. Her previous publications include scientific journal articles, conference proceedings, and book reviews. The author's affiliation with The MITRE Corporation is provided for identification purposes only and is not intended to convey or imply MITRE's concurrence with, or support for, the positions, opinions, or viewpoints expressed by the author.