1st Edition

Destruction and Conservation of Cultural Property

Edited By R Layton, P Stone, J Thomas Copyright 2002
    346 Pages
    by Routledge

    348 Pages
    by Routledge

    In 1991 the mosque at Ayodhya in India was demolished by Hindu fundamentalists who claim that it stood on the birthplace of a legendary Hindu hero. During recent conflicts in former Yugoslavia, ethnic groups destroyed mosques and churches to eliminate evidence of long-term settlement by other communities. Over successive centuries, however, a single building in Cordoba functioned as a mosque, a church and a synagogue. The Roman Emperor Diocletian's Palace in Split is occupied today by shops and residential apartments. What circumstances have lead to the survival and reinterpretation of some monuments, but the destruction of others?
    This work asks whether the idea of world heritage is an essential mechanism for the protection of the world's cultural and natural heritage, or whether it subjugates a diversity of cultural traditions to specifically Western ideas. How far is it acceptable for one group of people to comment upon, or intercede in, the way in which another community treats the remains which it claims as its own? What are the responsibilities of multinational corporations and non-governmental organisations operating in the Developing World? Who actually owns the past: the landowner, indigenous people, the State or humankind?

    1 Introduction: the destruction and conservation of cultural property 2 The uneasy bedfellows: universality and cultural heritage 3 Should developing countries restore and conserve? 4 The end of history? Archaeology and the politics of identity in a globalized world 5 Return to Alexandria: conflict and contradiction in discourses of origins and heritage revivalism 6 Renovating Hue (Vietnam): authenticating destruction, reconstructing authenticity 7 Destruction and conservation of cultural property in Brazil: academic and practical challenges 8 From museum to mantelpiece: the antiquities trade in the United Kingdom 9 A note on the excavations at Ayodhya with reference to the Mandir-Masjid issue 10 The Ayodhya Issue 11 Ayodhya, the print media and communalism 12 The protection of Croatia's cultural heritage during war 1991-95 13 Challenges and dilemmas facing the reconstruction of war-damaged cultural heritage: the case study of Pocitelj, Bosnia-Herzegovina 14 Imminent or eminent domain? The contest over Thessaloniki’s Rotonda 15 The politics of the past: Emain Macha (Navan), Northern Ireland 16 Making news out of archaeological sites: the experience at Ijaye Orile, Nigeria 17 The changing use of worship in Roman and medieval Cordoba 18 The Adriatic Islands Project: monument destruction and protection in the Central Dalmatian Islands 19 'Pios vandals': restoration or destruction in Sri Lanka? 20 Destruction or conservation? Some aspects of monument policy in British India (1899-1905) 21 Use, value and significance in heritage management 22 Is the past a non-renewable resource? 23 Cape Town's District Six and archaeology of memory


    Robert Layton is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Durham. Peter G. Stone is Chief Executive of the World Archaeological Congress and Lecturer in Heritage Studies at the University of Newcastle. Julian Thomas is Chair of Archaeology at the University of Manchester.