Developing Sustainable Agriculture in Pakistan: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Developing Sustainable Agriculture in Pakistan

1st Edition

By Iqrar Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Sarwar Khan

CRC Press

926 pages | 22 Color Illus. | 149 B/W Illus.

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Description

Agriculture plays a pivotal role in the economy and development of Pakistan providing food to consumers, raw materials to industries, and a market for industrial goods.  Unfortunately, agricultural production is stagnant due to several barriers including a fixed cropping pattern, reliance on a few major crops, a narrow genetic pool, poor seed quality, and a changing climate.  In addition, the high cost of production, weak phytosanitary compliance mechanisms, and a lack of cold chain facilities makes Pakistan agriculturally uncompetitive in export markets. Despite all these issues, agriculture is the primary industry in Pakistan and small farmers continue to dominate the business. Small farmers grow crops for subsistence under a fixed cropping pattern and a holistic approach is required to develop agriculture to improve the livelihoods of the rural populace.

This book presents an exhaustive look at agriculture in Pakistan.  Chapters provide critical analyses of present trends, inadequacies in agriculture, strategic planning, improvement programs and policies while keeping in view the natural resources, plant- and animal-related agricultural production technologies, input supplies, population planning, migration and poverty, and balanced policies on finance, credit, marketing, and trade.

Table of Contents

Preface

Editors

Contributors

Chapter 1 Planning for Sustainable Agriculture in Pakistan

Iqrar Ahmad Khan and Muhammad Sarwar Khan

Section I Natural Resources and Input Supplies

Chapter 2 Land Use in Pakistan

Muhammad Tahir and Tasneem Khaliq

Chapter 3 Water: Issues and Remedies

Allah Bakhsh and Muhammad Adnan Shahid

Chapter 4 Rural Energy Solutions for Community Development

Anjum Munir, Allah Bakhsh, Abdul Ghafoor, Waseem Amjad, and Umar Farooq

Chapter 5 Environmental Degradation and Remedial Strategies

Haroon Rashid and Abdul Nasir

Chapter 6 Land Degradation: Problems and Remedies

Zahir Ahmad Zahir, Maqshoof Ahmad, and Ghulam Murtaza

Chapter 7 Canal Operation through Management Information System

Muhammad Arshad, Riaz Ahmad, and Muhammad Usman

Chapter 8 Precision Agriculture and ICT: Future Farming

Muhammad Jehanzeb Masud Cheema, Hafiz Sultan Mahmood, M. Ahsan Latif, and Ahmad Kamal Nasir

Chapter 9 Farm Services

Asghar Ali, Sarfraz Hassan, and Abdul Ghafoor

Chapter 10 Input Supplies: Production of Quality Seeds

Muhammad Sarwar Khan and Faiz Ahmad Joyia

Chapter 11 Fertilizers and Gypsum

Javaid Akhtar, Muhammad Yaseen, Muhammad Rashid, Ghulam Murtaza, and Muhammad Aamer Maqsood

Chapter 12 Input Supplies: The Starring Role of Pesticide Inputs in Agricultural Productivity and Food Security

Muhammad Jalal Arif, Muhammad Dildar Gogi, Ahmad Nawaz, Muhammad Sufyan, Rashad Rasool Khan, and Muhammad Arshad

Section II Crop Production and Health

Chapter 13 Climate Change and Agriculture

Ashfaq Ahmad and Khalid Hussain

Chapter 14 Treatment and Management of Low Quality Water for Irrigation

Ghulam Murtaza, Muhammad Zia-ur-Rehman, Muhammad Aamer Maqsood, and Abdul Ghafoor

Chapter 15 Stagnant Yields

Abdul Khaliq, Amir Shakeel, Muhammad Kashif, and Ghulam Mustafa

Chapter 16 Crop Diversification

Shahzad M. A. Basra, Maqsood Hussain, Abdul Wahid, and Muhammad Farooq

Chapter 17 High Value Horticultural Crops

Iftikhar Ahmad, Saeed Ahmad, Khurram Ziaf, M. Muzammil Jahangir, and Raheel Anwar

Chapter 18 Forestry and Range Management in Pakistan: Present Potential and Way Forward

Muhammad T. Siddiqui, Muhammad F. Nawaz, Rashid A. Khan, and Zahoor H. Khan

Chapter 19 Biotechnology and GM Crops

Muhammad Sarwar Khan and Faiz Ahmad Joyia

Chapter 20 Plant Diseases of Major Crops and the Way Forward for Their Management

Muhammad Amjad Ali, Amjad Abbas, Muhammad Atiq, Nasir Ahmad Rajput, Khalid Naveed, and Nazir Javed

Chapter 21 Trends in Sustainable Management of Emerging Insect Pests

Muhammad Jalal Arif, Waqas Wakil, Muhammad Dildar Gogi, Rashad Rasool Khan, Muhammad Arshad, Muhammad Sufyan, Ahmad Nawaz, Abid Ali, and Shahid Majeed

Chapter 22 Status of Pesticides and Their Alternatives for Crop Sustainability in Pakistan

Amjad Abbas, Muhammad Amjad Ali, Arbab Ahmad, Safdar Ali, Amer Habib, Luqman Amrao, and Abdul Rehman

Section III Animal Production and Health

Chapter 23 Livestock Production: Status and Policy Options

M. Sajjad Khan, S. A. Bhatti, S. H. Raza, M. S. Rehman, and F. Hassan

Chapter 24 Poultry Production: Status, Issues, and Future Prospect

Pervez Akhtar, Umar Farooq, and M. Sajjad Khan

Chapter 25 Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture in Pakistan

Muhammad Javed and Khalid Abbas

Chapter 26 Livestock and Poultry Health: Issues and Way Forward

M. Tariq Javed, Ghulam Muhammad, Nazir Ahmad, Laeeq Akbar Lodhi, Zafar Iqbal, Sajjad-ur-Rahman, Ahmad Din Anjum, Faqir Muhammad. Zafar Iqbal Qureshi, Muhammad Sohail Sajid, Muhammad Kashif Saleemi, Farah Deeba, Bilal Aslam, Aisha Khatoon, Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Imran Arshad, and Rizwan Aslam

Chapter 27 Malnutrition in Children and One Health

Mian Kamran Sharif, Masood Sadiq Butt, Muhammad Kashif Saleemi, and Muhammad Imran Arshad

Section IV Agricultural Incentives for Farmers

Chapter 28 Gender Dimensions of Agriculture: Status, Trends, and Gap

Farkhanda Anjum, Muhammad Iqbal Zafar, Kanwal Asghar, and Ayesha Riaz

Chapter 29 Population Planning and Labor in Pakistan…………………………………………………….. 635

A. A. Maan, Izhar A. Khan, and N. Farah

Chapter 30 Rural Poverty

Saria Akhtar, Muhammad Iqbal Zafar, Shabbir Ahmad, and Naima Nawaz

Chapter 31 Rural–Urban Migration

N. Farah, Izhar A. Khan, and A. A. Maan

Chapter 32 Rural Development

Tanvir Ali, Babar Shahbaz, Muhammad Iftikhtar, Ijaz Ashraf, Shoukat Ali, Ghazanfar Ali Khan, Aqeela Saghir, and Muhammad Saleem Mohsin

Chapter 33 Outreach and Social Mobilization: Challenges and Opportunities

Munir Ahmad, Babar Shahbaz, and Mahmood Ahmad Randhawa

Chapter 34 Fiscal Policy in Agriculture

Tahira Sadaf, Muhammad Ashfaq, Rakhshanda Kousar, and Qaisar Abbas

Chapter 35 Agricultural Credit and Cooperation

Khalid Mushtaq and M. Khalid Bashir

Chapter 36 Agricultural Marketing

Abdul Ghafoor and Hammad Badar

Chapter 37 Regional Trade: Pakistan’s Perspective

Burhan Ahmad, Abdul Ghafoor, and Asif Maqbool

Chapter 38 Value Addition

Moazzam R. Khan, Aamir Shehzad, Aysha Sameen, and Masood Sadiq Butt

Index

About the Authors

Iqrar Ahmad Khan with long career in education and agriculture had earned PhD from the University of California, Riverside. He is currently serving as Vice Chancellor of the University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan (since 2008). Dr. Khan has supervised more than 100 graduate students and researchers, established a Center of Agricultural Biotechnology and co-founded a DAAD sponsored ‘International Center for Decent Work and Development' (ICDD), USAID funded Center of Advanced Studies in Agriculture and Food Security, a French Learning Center and the Chinese Confucius Institute. He has organized numerous international conferences and established academic linkages across the continents. He has released a potato variety (PARS-70), pioneered research on breeding seedless Kinnow and discovered new botanical varieties of wheat. Dr. Khan initiated an internationally acclaimed program to solve a devastating problem called Witches’ Broom Disease of Lime in Oman. He is currently leading international projects to combat citrus greening disease and mango sudden death. He has published more than 270 articles, five books and several book chapters. Dr. Khan has a diplomatic skill to attract international partnerships and academic linkages (Afghanistan, Australia, South Korea, China, Germany, France, Malaysia, Indonesia, Turkey, Iran, India, Oman, Canada, UK and USA). He has managed collaborative research projects sponsored by national and international agencies. As Vice Chancellor, he has revamped UAF academic, research and outreach programs. He added new academic disciplines to narrow the knowledge gaps in microbiology, biotechnology, environmental sciences, food and nutrition, climate change, engineering, rural development and education. UAF has achieved top ranks within the national system as well as in the QS and NTU rankings. Dr. Khan has a special knack for problem solving research. He has set up an Incubation Center for the commercialization of knowledge. Exhibitions and business plan competitions have been made biannual features. A range of new quality assurance mechanisms have been added and special initiatives are taken to narrow the gender gap. Dr. Khan is a Fellow of Pakistan Academy of Sciences and member of several professional societies and associations. In recognition of his outstanding contributions in the area of Agriculture and Food Security he was decorated with a civil award, Sitara-e-Imtiaz by the Government of Pakistan and very recently with Ordre des Palmes Académiques (with the grade of Officer) by the French Government for his exceptional role as an educator.

Muhammad Sarwar Khan with vibrant career in agriculture, education and biotechnology has earned PhD from the University of Cambridge, UK. The Rockefeller Foundation awarded him a prestigious fellowship under Rice Biotechnology Program for Developing Countries to carry out research at Waksman Institute of Microbiology, Rutgers the State University of New Jersey. His findings were published in Nature Biotechnology – a research of first-of-its-own-kind. Dr. Khan was a founding Head of Biotech Interdisciplinary Division at NIBGE, and is currently serving as the Director of Center of Agricultural Biochemistry and Biotechnology (CABB), University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Dr. Khan has supervised about 80 PhD, MPhil students and researchers who are serving at national and international levels in various research institutes and universities. He has published enormously in high impact journals including Nature and Nature Biotechnology, and is an author of a number of books and book chapters. Dr. Khan has made colossal contributions in the field of biotechnology. He also pioneered plastid transformation in rice and sugarcane, recalcitrant plant species. As far as translational research is concerned Dr. Khan has developed borer-resistant transgenic sugarcane plants with no toxin residues in the juice. His current research interests include development of edible-marker-carrying transgenics and cost-effective therapeutics and edible vaccines for animals.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI011000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Botany
SCI086000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / General
TEC003000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / General
TEC003040
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / Forestry