This book explores the complex legal, cultural, economic and human rights issues associated with development-induced displacement and resettlement (DIDR) in Vietnam.
As in many parts of the world, urban expansion and large-scale infrastructure projects in Vietnam often rely on forced land acquisition, which can result in the involuntary resettlement of households and entire communities. This book examines the adequacy of monetary and in-kind compensation and the support that resettlees need for successful integration into host communities and for sustainable livelihoods and improved well-being. It presents new paradigms and practices that place affected households at the centre of project planning and implementation to fully address the needs of the most vulnerable. This includes women, the elderly, and ethnic minority groups. Bringing together research evidence, practical experience, and insights of distinguished researchers, this book is the first to systematically examine DIDR in Vietnam, a single-party state seeking to balance state interests with the demands of investors and civil society for human rights and participation by affected people.
Combining the latest evidence and research findings on development-induced displacement and resettlement in Vietnam with practical experiences in project implementation, this book will be a useful guide for researchers across development, migration, and Southeast Asian Studies, as well as practitioners and policy makers. Its lessons will also be relevant to other countries facing rapid development.
Foreword, Frank Vanclay Introduction, Nguyen Quy Nghi and Jane Singer Part 1: Legal framework on land acquisition and resettlement in Vietnam Chapter 1: Land acquisition legal framework in Vietnam: balancing public and private interests, Phan Trung Hien Chapter 2: Local governments as catalysts for enhancing resettlement outcomes in infrastructure development, Le Anh Tuan Chapter 3: Noncompliance with land acquisition and resettlement in Vietnam: a policy tools approach, Nguyen Van Dang Part 2: Agricultural land conversion, urbanization, and farmers’ responses Chapter 4: Urbanization and land acquisition in Hue’s peri-urban areas: challenges and the way forward, Nguyen Quang Phuc Chapter 5: Agricultural land appropriation for urban development: villagers learn to cope with the state and adapt to the market, Nguyen Van Suu Chapter 6: "Good" versus "bad" urbanization: land appropriation impacts in two peri-urban villages in Hanoi, Nguyen Thi Thanh Binh Part 3: Navigating resettlement practices in large infrastructure projects Chapter 7: Development–induced peri-urban resettlement: livelihood opportunities, but at what cost?, Jane Singer, Pham Huu Ty and Thi Kinh Kieu Chapter 8: How to deal with hunger? Household strategies and rural livelihood diversification at a dam-induced resettlement site, Nga Dao Chapter 9: Dam-induced resettlement in Vietnam: proposing a socially sustainable model, Nguyen Quy Nghi and Phan Huyen Dan Chapter 10: Post-resettlement integration into host communities: evidence from a cross-sectional survey of large infrastructure projects in Vietnam, Nguyen Quy Nghi, Nguyen Thi Minh Phuong and Do Thi Le Hang Part 4: Addressing emerging and dormant issues in resettlement programs Chapter 11: Breaking the vicious cycle: how the private sector can contribute to solving resettlement dilemmas, Dinh Thi Ngoc Bich Chapter 12: Excitement or anxiety: psychological aspects of development–induced resettlement, Do Thi Le Hang, Nguyen Quy Nghi and Nguyen Thi Minh Phuong Chapter 13: Gender-impact assessment: toward a universal application in large development projects in Vietnam, Pham Thi Dieu My