1st Edition

Development, Transformations and the Human Condition Essays in Honour of Jayati Ghosh

    312 Pages 42 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge India

    312 Pages 42 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge India

    The world is grappling to come up with alternative imaginations for transformation despite repeated crises, inequalities and immiseration caused by the increasing dominance of the neo-liberal capitalist framework and the collapse of twentieth-century socialist models. This book looks at concepts that form the core of development economics and political economy and brings together perspectives that explore the inextricable relationship between development and human rights, social movements and the call for social transformation.

    The essays in this volume honour the massive corpus of work across a large number of areas around development issues by the eminent economist, Jayati Ghosh. The book includes contributions by academics, activists and practitioners and attempts to understand the socio-economic causes of inequality, poverty and oppression.  Divided in five sections—corresponding broadly to key areas of Ghosh’s work—the book explores capitalism; inequality and development; gender and development; political economy of trade and financial systems; human development and human rights; and music. The volume situates Ghosh’s work within a heterodox and broad-based understanding of development processes and provides many insights towards a new vision that sets an agenda for further research as well as mobilisation.

    This volume will be of great interest to students, researchers, practitioners and scholars working on the issues of development, transformations, political economy, social science, economics, macroeconomics, international economics, politics, and development studies.

    1 Introduction Part I: Capitalism, Inequality and Development 2 A time of darkness? The pursuit of collective well-being in an unequal world 3 The Underdevelopment Trap of Indian Capitalism 4 Social Capital: The Indian Connection 5 Studying the World in Order to Change the World 6 Gandhi, Technology and Employment Part II: Aspects of Human Development and Human Rights 7 Agri-Food Systems and Public Policy for Food and Agriculture 8 Calorie and Nutrient Intake in India from 1993-94 to 2011-12 and its Implications 9 School meals and child undernutrition in India 10 Does India’s Post-Colonial Land Acquisition Act Safeguard Farmer Interests? 11 Three Movements and the Dynamics of Democracy in India Part III: Gender and Development 12 How the IMF discovered gender equality but continued to undermine women’s rights 13 Gender Bias in Data Collection: The Indian Context 14 Women in Pubic Employment in India: Working for the State in the Neoliberal Era 15 Gender Dimensions of Paid and Unpaid Labour of Asian and Mexican Immigrants in the USA, 2003 -2018 16 Women’s Unpaid Care Work in Malaysia 17 Does a higher female share in managerial positions lead to less gender-based discrimination for other female employees in a sector? Part IV: Political Economy of Trade and Financial Systems 18 Political economy of international taxation 19 The Costs of Financial Inclusion 20 Digital transformations and the manufacturing Sector: Implications and policy choices 21 China-Africa Partnership: Implications for African Development 22 India’s Trade in Pharmaceutical Products: A method for the classification of pharmaceutical products and recent trends Part V: MUSIC 23 Offkey: Musings on singing a tune 24 The Language of Grief 25 Music in Politics, Music as Politics: Understanding Radical Interventions through ‘People’s Music’ in India

    Biography

    Sumangala Damodaran is an economist and a musician, whose scholarly work spans industrial organization and labour studies and popular music studies. She is presently the Director, Gender and Economics at the International Development Economics Associates (IDEAs) and has more than thirty years of teaching experience in Delhi University and Ambedkar University Delhi. She is also a Visiting professor at the University of Cape Town, South Africa and the Institute for Human Development, Delhi.

    Smita Gupta is an independent economist who, from 2007 till the enaction, helped the All India Kisan Sabha and Left Parliamentarians respond to drafts of the land acquisition and resettlement and rehabilitation bills that were put out by the then Congress led UPA government in New Delhi.

    Sona Mitra is the Principal Economist with the Institute for What Works to Advance Gender Equality, hosted by LEAD at Krea University. She has been working on issues of women, development, labour and public policy for close to two decades with reputed institutes including NIPFP, CWDS and CBGA in India. Her recent work include methodological innovations in probing techniques for capturing women’s work better.

    Dipa Sinha is Assistant Professor at the School of Liberal Studies, Dr. B. R.  Ambedkar University, Delhi. She writes and researches on issues related to social policy, gender and development, food security and nutrition and public health in India. She has over 20 years of experience of working in research, policy advocacy and is associated with various rights-based campaigns.

    ‘Jayati, is a “people’s economist”, and apart from her many remarkable attributes, she is an intrinsic part of the campaigns for furthering economic equality and social justice, in India and in the world. Her seminal contribution to the passage of an Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) in India is widely recognized, empowering millions of workers, with the right to employment. She continues to be an integral part of the group of economists committed to ensure the protection of workers guarantees, from incessant alarmist resistance from neo-liberal economists and the political right. The MGNREGA was vindicated in fighting poverty and unemployment, during Covid19 and at other critical times. Always there - in letter and spirit, as a public intellectual, author and comrade, Jayati has been a part of the collective voice for equality, fraternity, justice and dignity. It is befitting that a remarkable person of letters is recognised through a festschrift that celebrates her successful, lifelong engagement with the causes she has stood for all these years.’

    Aruna Roy, social activist

    ‘Jayati Ghosh is a brilliant and persuasive critic of the current world order. These essays build on the example she has set, magnifying the power of critical economic thinking.’

    Nancy Folbre, Professor emerita of economics University of Massachusetts Amherst

    ‘The exemplary essays in this volume are a testament to Jayati Ghosh's exceptional contributions not only to development economics and political economy but also to freedom, human rights, social movements, and the transformative power of music.  They challenge the narrow scope of orthodox economics, advocate for a broader conception of development that emphasizes structural, institutional, and normative transformations for equity and growth.  I strongly recommend the Book to all those who remain committed to people driven development approaches, inclusive public action, and amplifying the voices of the Global South.’

    A.K. Shiva Kumar, Development Economist