Although the absolute number of poor people in the world has declined significantly in recent decades, poverty reduction continues to be a very important issue. There continue to be very large numbers of poor people, relative poverty is an increasingly concerning problem and progress on poverty reduction varies enormously from one part of the world to another. Factors contributing towards poverty reduction include economic growth, economic integration and specific poverty-reduction programmes, which are often initiated by Western countries. This book considers poverty reduction from a global perspective. It looks at a wide range of specific subjects, across all continents. It highlights in particular how the issues are perceived from a non-Western perspective and especially how the rise of China is both having a profound impact on poverty reduction globally and also changing the overall way in which development and poverty reduction is approached.
Section 1: Background Discussions, 1: Introduction: Poverty Reduction in Comparative Perspective - Yongnian Zheng and Jiwei Qian, 2: The State and Development: The Two Political Economy Models of China and the West - Yongnian Zheng Section 2: America, 3: Poverty in the US and Its Causes - Douglas Besharov and Douglas Call, 4: Income Redistribution and Poverty Reduction in Latin America: The role of social spending and taxation in achieving development goals - Nora Lustig, Section 3: Africa, 5: Development and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa - Tony Addison, Ville Pikkarainen, Risto Rönkkö, and Finn Tarp, 6: An Overview of Recent Trends in Official Development Assistance: Contradictory New Directions - Mark McQuinn, 7: Africa’s Quest for Poverty Alleviation: Lessons from and Reflections on the Role of China - Humphrey P.B. Moshi, 8: Strengthening Sino-African Poverty Alleviation Collaboration through Knowledge Sharing - Ehizuelen Michael Mitchell Omoruyi, Section 4: Southeast Asia, 9: Poverty Reduction Experiences of Southeast Asian Countries - Peter Warr, 10: Economic Development and Poverty Reduction in Southeast Asia - Yap Kioe Sheng, Section 5: East Asia, 11: The Rise of China and its Implications for Economics and Other Developing Countries - Yifu Lin, 12: Poverty Reduction in East Asia: A Continuing Development Challenge - John Wong, 13: The Impact of Economic Development on the Social Structure of the Japanese Rural Community - Yoshihisa Godo, 14: The Urban Informal Sector and Development in China: Institutions and Feedback Effects - Jiwei Qian.