This book is the outcome of a workshop on the conversion of tropical forest to pasture in Latin America convened in Oaxaca, Mexico in 1988. It examines the dynamics underlying this complex and destructive process and enlisted multiple perspectives in order to identify alternatives.
Foreword -- Preface and Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- Overviews -- Logics of Livestock and Deforestation: The Case of Amazonia -- New Directions for Livestock Policy: an Environmental Perspective -- Bio-Economic Costs -- Livestock Economy and Forest Destruction -- Forest Uses -- Tropical Forest Uses -- Forest Economies: Transition and Ambiguity -- Social Dimensions of Forest Utilization In Mexico: Implications for Intervention -- Environmental Impacts -- Possible Climatological Impacts -- Terrestrial Impacts in Mexico and Central America -- Social Impacts -- Eating from the Tropics or Destroying It? -- From Reaction to Planning: An Indigenous Response to Deforestation and Cattle Raising -- Rural Development Effects -- Reconciling People and Land: The Prospects for Sustainable Extraction in the Amazon -- Production Alternatives -- Sustaining Pasture-based Production Systems for the Humid Tropics -- A Silvopastoral Strategy -- Integrated Production Systems -- Developers' and Donors' Perspectives -- Debt-for-Nature Swaps: A Response to Debt and Deforestation in Developing Countries? -- The Timber Industry Perspective -- Community Perspectives -- Union of Forest Ejidos and Communities of Oaxaca -- Integrated Resource Management: A Zapotec Community's Approach -- Two Peasants Discuss Deforestation -- A Rubber Tapper Speaks Out -- Comments and Recommendations -- The Oaxaca Recommendations -- Coda What can I do?