This book considers some of the most notable aspects of the legal response to the "war on terror" post- 9/11 and the use of technology to support them. It examines the shift from a criminal justice response to the creation of a parallel preventive system running in tandem with it. This system has tended to veer away from the commission of criminal offences or adherence to ordinary criminal justice safeguards. Such a preventive strategy relies on targeting terrorist suspects – those who it is thought may in future commit terrorist acts – and curbing their actions with the aim of preventing terrorist activity before it occurs.
The book further considers the role that surveillance plays in the counter-terrorist efforts of state or non-state actors. It also evaluates the counter-productive effects that many of these measures have had.
This book was originally published as a special issue of International Review of Law Computers & Technology.
1. Introduction: Counter-terror strategies, human rights and the roles of technology Helen Fenwick 2. Terrorist asset-freezing – Continuing flaws in the current scheme Adam Tomkins, Helen Fenwick and Liora Lazarus 3. Preventive anti-terrorist strategies in the UK and ECHR: Control orders, TPIMs and the role of technology Helen Fenwick 4. Visual surveillance and the prevention of terrorism: What about the checks and balances? Quirine A.M. Eijkman and Daan Weggemans 5. The impact of counter-terrorism measures on Muslim communities Tufyal Choudhury and Helen Fenwick 6. Terrorism, CCTV and the Freedom Bill 2011: Achieving compatibility with Article 8 ECHR? Daniel Fenwick 7. Camera surveillance within the UK: Enhancing public safety or a social threat? Barrie Sheldon