Presenting recent advancements in research findings and the resulting new schools of thought on the physiology of human bone, this comprehensive reference examines information on dietary pattern and specific nutrients in bone health. Written by experts in the areas of nutrition, bone function, and medicine, chapters include research on a variety of bone-related topics including effects of vitamins, nutrients, and antioxidants; dietary requirements; physical exercise; bone hormones; lifestyle and effects through the life cycle; race and ethnicity; and prevention of bone diseases including osteopenia and osteoporosis.
Introductory Background. Role of Diet, General, esp. Protein and Energy, and Phytochemicals. Role of Lifestyle Factors. Role of Exercise and Skeletal Loading. Bone as a Tissue and Organ. Bone Regulatory Mechanisms and Hormone Actions. Bone and Renal Function. Bone Marrow and Stem Cell Recruitment. Effects of Specific Nutrieuts on Bone. Calcium. Phosphorus. Vitamin D. Vitamin A. Vitamin K. Iron. Other Micronutrients (Mg, Zinc, Fluoride, Boron, vitamin C, and B vitamins). Protein. Omega-3 Fatty Acids. Potassium and Acid-Base Balance-Sue Lanham. Antioxidants and Bone. Effects of Life Cycle Changes on Bone. Pregnancy and Lactation. Infancy, Childhood, and Adolescence. Diet, Lean Body Composition, and Bone. Exercise and Skeletal Growth. Intake of Calcium and Other Nutrients and Peak Bone Mass. Calcium, Other Nutrients, Exercise, and Bone Health in Twins. Nutrition and Bone in Young Adults. Calcium and Vitamin D in Older Adults. Race, Ethnicity, and Bone. African Americans. Japanese. Chinese. Osteopenia and Osteoporosis. Prevention of Bone Loss with Diet and Drug Therapy. Prevention of Bone Loss with Exercise. Late-Life Arterial Calcification. Epidemiology of Osteoporosis. Conclusion. Nutrition and Bone Health: Nutrients from Foods and Supplements. Appendices. Index.