Diffusion Processes, Jump Processes, and Stochastic Differential Equations  book cover
1st Edition

Diffusion Processes, Jump Processes, and Stochastic Differential Equations




ISBN 9781032100678
Published March 21, 2022 by Chapman and Hall/CRC
138 Pages 16 Color Illustrations

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Book Description

Diffusion Processes, Jump Processes, and Stochastic Differential Equations provides a compact exposition of the results explaining interrelations between diffusion stochastic processes, stochastic differential equations and the fractional infinitesimal operators. The draft of this book has been extensively classroom tested by the author at Case Western Reserve University in a course that enrolled seniors and graduate students majoring in mathematics, statistics, engineering, physics, chemistry, economics and mathematical finance. The last topic proved to be particularly popular among students looking for careers on Wall Street and in research organizations devoted to financial problems.

Features

  • Quickly and concisely builds from basic probability theory to advanced topics
  • Suitable as a primary text for an advanced course in diffusion processes and stochastic differential equations
  • Useful as supplementary reading across a range of topics.

Table of Contents

1. Random variables, vectors, processes and fields. 1.1. Random variables, vectors, and their distributions – a glossary. 1.2. Law of Large Numbers and the Central Limit Theorem. 1.3. Stochastic processes and their finite-dimensional distributions. 1.4. Problems and Exercises. 2. From Random Walk to Brownian Motion. 2.1. Symmetric random walk; parabolic rescaling and related Fokker-Planck equations. 2.2 Almost sure continuity of sample paths. 2.3 Nowhere differentiability of Brownian motion. 2.4 Hitting times, and other subtle properties of Brownian motion. 2.5. Problems and Exercises. 3. Poisson processes and their mixtures. 3.1. Why Poisson process? 3.2. Covariance structure and finite dimensional distributions. 3.3. Waiting times and inter-jump times. 3.4. Extensions and generalizations. 3.5. Fractional Poisson processes (fPp). 3.6. Problems and Exercises. 4. Levy processes and the Levy-Khinchine formula: basic facts. 4.1. Processes with stationary and independent increments. 4.2. From Poisson processes to Levy processes. 4.3. Infinitesimal generators of Levy processes. 4.4. Selfsimilar Levy processes. 4.5. Properties of ɑ-stable motions. 4.6. Infinitesimal generators of ɑ-stable motions. 4.7. Problems and Exercises. 5. General processes with independent increments. 5.1. Nonstationary processes with independent increments. 5.2. Stochastic continuity and jump processes. 5.3. Analysis of jump structure. 5.4. Random measures and random integrals associated with jump processes. 5.5. Structure of general I.I. processes. 5.6. Problems and Exercises. 6. Stochastic integrals for Brownian motion and general Levy Processes. 6.1. Wiener random integral. 6.2. Itô's stochastic integral for Brownian motion. 6.3. An instructive example. 6.4. Itô's formula. 6.5. Martingale property of Itô integrals. 6.6. Wiener and Itô-type stochastic integrals for ɑ-stable motion and general Levy processes. 6.7. Problems and Exercises. 7. Itô stochastic differential equations. 7.1. Differential equations with random noise. 7.2. Stochastic differential equations: Basic theory. 7.3. SDEs with coefficients depending only on time. 7.4. Population growth model and other examples. 7.5. Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process. 7.6. Systems of SDEs and vector-valued Itô's formula. 7.7. Kalman-Bucy filter. 7.8. Numerical solution of stochastic differential equations. 7.9. Problems and Exercises. 8. Asymmetric exclusion processes and their scaling limits. 8.1. Asymmetric exclusion principles. 8.2. Scaling limit. 8.3. Other queuing regimes related to non-nearest neighbor systems. 8.4. Networks with multiserver nodes and particle systems with state-dependent rates. 8.5. Shock and rarefaction wave solutions for the Riemann problem for conservation laws. 8.6. Problems and Exercises. 9. Nonlinear diffusion equations. 9.1. Hyperbolic equations. 9.2. Nonlinear diffusion approximations. 9.3. Problems and Exercises

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Author(s)

Biography

Wojbor A. Woyczyński was a mathematics and statistics professor, who was born and educated in Poland. He earned his M.Sc. in Electrical and Computer Engineering at Wroclaw University of Technology in 1966, and his Ph.D. in Mathematics, at the University of Wroclaw in 1968, when he was 23 years old. He spent most of his career teaching at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, USA where he started working in 1982, when he was hired as chair of the Department of Mathematics and Statistics. He published over 160 papers and many books, including this, his 18th book, delving into a wide array of topics in mathematics. His research interests stretched from mainstream probability theory, to mathematical physics and turbulence theory, operations research and financial mathematics, to mathematical biology. In 1992 he published a monograph on “Random Series and Stochastic Integrals”, co-written with Stanis law Kwapień. The paper “Lévy Flights in Evolutionary Ecology,” co-written with two French mathematicians, Sylvie Méléard and Benjamin Jourdain, won the 2013 prize La Recherche for the best work in the field of mathematics. He published a number of works honoring the great mathematicians of preceding generations. Early in his career, in 1986, he was elected as a Fellow of the Institute of Mathematics. He served as an editorial board member of Probability and Mathematical Statistics, Annals of Applied Probability, and Stochastic Processes and Their Applications. This book was published posthumously, with the consent of his family.