Digital Transformation and Public Services
Societal Impacts in Sweden and Beyond
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Through a series of studies, the overarching aim of this book is to investigate if and how the digitalization/digital transformation process affects various welfare services provided by the public sector, and the ensuing implications thereof. Ultimately, this book seeks to understand if it is conceivable for digital advancement to result in the creation of private/non-governmental alternatives to welfare services, possibly in a manner that transcends national boundaries. This study also investigates the possible ramifications of technological development for the public sector and the Western welfare society at large.
This book takes its point of departure from the 2016 Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) report that targets specific public service areas in which government needs to adopt new strategies not to fall behind. Specifically, this report emphasizes the focus on digitalization of health care/social care, education, and protection services, including the use of assistive technologies referred to as "digital welfare." Hence, this book explores the factors potentially leading to whether state actors could be overrun by other non-governmental actors, disrupting the current status quo of welfare services.
The book seeks to provide an innovative, enriching, and controversial take on society at large and how various aspects of the public sector can be, and are, affected by the ongoing digitalization process in a way that is not covered by extant literature on the market. This book takes its point of departure in Sweden given the fact that Sweden is one of the most digitalized countries in Europe, according to the Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI), making it a pertinent research case. However, as digitalization transcends national borders, large parts of the subject matter take on an international angle. This includes cases from several other countries around Europe as well as the United States.
Table of Contents
List of figures
List of tables
Notes on contributors
Foreword: digital transformation of public services – how and why?
FRANCIS ANDREW GAFFNEY
1 An introduction to digital welfare: a way forward?
ANTHONY LARSSON AND ROBIN TEIGLAND
PART I Health and social care
2 Telemedicine and the welfare state: the Swedish experience
MÅRTEN BLIX AND JOHANNA JEANSSON
3 Welfare services in an era of digital disruption: how digitalization reshapes the health care market
ANTHONY LARSSON, OLIVIA ELF, CORINNA GROSS, AND JULIA ELF
4 Centralization vs. decentralization on the blockchain in a health information exchange context
ANNA ESSÉN AND ANDERS EKHOLM
5 Digitalization of health in Sweden to benefit patients
6 Personalized predictive health care: how predictive AI platforms will transform the health care industry
7 Digital dentistry: a solution to the dentistry crisis?
ANTHONY LARSSON AND DOMINIKA SABOLOVÁ
8 Solutions based on digital connected devices for social care and well-being
ANDRES LAYA AND JAN MARKENDAHL
PART II Education
9 Educational technology (EdTech): unbounded opportunities or just another brick in the wall?
CORMAC MCGRATH AND ANNA ÅKERFELDT
10 Education at the intersection: a practitioner’s view of the effect of digital transformation on public education
PART III Citizen protection
11 Citizen protection: a capabilities and intentions framework
MARK A. CONLEY AND EMILY NAKKAWITA
12 Societal security: how digitalization enables resilient, agile, and learning capabilities
13 Digital identity – beyond verification: to a transparent (decentralized) system for data and identity monitoring and control
CLAIRE INGRAM BOGUSZ
PART IV Future of the welfare state
14 Cashless: a dead end for Sweden?
BJÖRN ERIKSSON AND ULRIKA SANDHILL
15 Future consumption of welfare services: how the change in consumer expectations will affect offerings and business models in welfare
CHARLOTTE MATTFOLK AND LINA EMFELDT
16 The trust revolution: blockchain’s potential to resolve institutional inefficiencies?
ALEJANDRO MORENO PUERTAS AND ROBIN TEIGLAND
17 The future of the nation-state: how the nation-state can find a way through digitalization
18 Digitalization has changed the foundation of the democracy
19 Conclusion: digital welfare – now and forever?
ANTHONY LARSSON AND ROBIN TEIGLAND
Afterword: technology – the solution to all welfare challenges?
Anthony Larsson (Ph.D.) is a researcher at the Stockholm School of Economics Institute for Research (SIR), Sweden. He holds a Ph.D. from Karolinska Institutet, Sweden. He also holds an MBA and M.Sc. degrees in political science, social anthropology, and business administration and economics respectively, as well as an associate degree in psychology.
Robin Teigland (Ph.D.) is Professor of Management of Digitalization in the Entrepreneurship and Strategy Division at the Department of Technology Management and Economics at Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden. She is also Professor of Business Administration with a specialization in strategic information systems management at the Stockholm School of Economics in Sweden and a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences.