A wide range of natural hazards pose major risks to the lives and livelihoods of large populations around the world. Man-made disasters caused by technological failures, industrial accidents, spillages, explosions, and fires, compound this threat. Since 9/11, security threats based on violence (terrorism, insurgency, and civil strife) have attracted much governmental attention and a great deal of public resources. As the scale, frequency, and intensity of disasters and crises have dramatically increased over the last decade, the failures in responding to these crises have prompted a critical need to evaluate the way in which the public sector responds to disaster.
What have we learned? What has changed in the management of disasters and crises? What do we know about the causes, patterns, and consequences of these events? This book looks at some of the approaches that can be taken to empirically examine disaster and crisis management practices. It contributes to the literature on crisis and disaster management, as well as social policy and planning. Introducing approaches that are applicable to a variety of circumstances in the U.S. and in other countries, it offers ways to think through policy interventions and governance mechanisms that may enhance societal resilience. This book was originally published as a special issue of Public Management Review.
Introduction: Studying Disaster and Crisis Management Naim Kapucu and Arjen Boin
1. Time and Crisis Julia Fleischer
2. The Vulnerability of Public Spaces: Challenges for UK hospitals under the ‘new’ terrorist threat Denis Fischbacher-Smith and Moira Fischbacher-Smith
3. The Core and Periphery of Emergency Management Networks: A multi-modal assessment of two evacuation-hosting networks from 2000 to 2009 Scott E. Robinson, Warren S. Eller, Melanie Gall and Brian J. Gerber
4. Managing Disaster Networks in India: A study of structure and effectiveness Triparna Vasavada
5. Managing the Impact of Disaster: Patterns of post-tsunami sheltering and duration of stay in South India Simon A. Andrew, Sudha Arlikatti and Marina Saitgalina
5. Solidarity as Political Strategy: Post-crisis reform following the French heatwave Paul Stephenson
6. Making Groceries: Leadership, free spaces and narratives of meaning in post-Katrina New Orleans Claire Menck and Richard A. Couto
7. The Resilient Organization: A critical appraisal Arjen Boin and Michel J. G. van Eeten
8. Economic Considerations in Designing Emergency Management Institutions and Policies for Transboundary Disasters Adam Rose and Tyler Kustra