Disposal and Management of Solid Waste: Pathogens and Diseases, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Disposal and Management of Solid Waste

Pathogens and Diseases, 1st Edition

By Eliot Epstein

CRC Press

163 pages | 17 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2015-03-02
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Description

Disposal and Management of Solid Waste: Pathogens and Diseases takes a closer look at pathogens that are found in solid wastes and the diseases that they produce. While comparing the differences between developed and developing countries, this book provides an understanding of the risks and exposure of pathogens in solid wastes, addresses pathogens in soil and plants, and bioaerosols, and helps readers determine how pathogens can be directly or indirectly detrimental to human health. The text places special emphasis on developing countries where environmentally safe systems are relatively rare, and provides extensive details on potential sources of infection and disease. The author discusses the transmission routes of diseases and pathogens from various solid wastes, and presents the proper disposal options and the management of solid waste.

This book covers:

  • Global aspects of pathogens and diseases from solid waste
  • Pathogens and diseases in various solid wastes other than hospital wastes
  • Disposal and management of solid wastes in relation to diseases

Disposal and Management of Solid Waste: Pathogens and Diseases describes the various pathogens and diseases that can be found in solid waste, and utilizes recent available data to offer insight and suggestions on the management and disposal of solid waste to reduce infection and disease.

Reviews

"… describes the various pathogens and diseases that can be found in solid waste, and utilizes recent available data to offer insight and suggestions on the management and disposal of solid waste…"

—Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part B, 2015

"… presents a concise description of the problems and the associated risks of solid waste disposal stressing the need to utilize modalities to minimize the risks that are present in these materials. … will allow both the scientist and the layman to learn a great deal about the overall problem. … a great text for an introduction to the overall problem in a solid waste management course or for the preparation of rule makers to assess impacts and risks associated with the disposal and management of solid waste pathogens. It has a broad breadth of coverage that touches upon the topics of greatest current concerns."

—Dwight D. Bowman, Cornell University

"This is a logically arranged, methodically connected and concisely presented book on the relationship between solid wastes and pathogens. The book guides the readers through introducing the link between the pathogens and solid wastes in general, risk of exposure to the wastes and pathogens through different solid wastes, and ends with how the pathogens get into soil and water causing human health risk. Details on different pathogens provided as appendices can provide a reader’s a concise compendium of information. … It is a clear, simple and concise guide for practitioners as well as beginners, especially students. The contents are concise yet covered the necessary information."

—Prof. Jonathan W.C. Wong, Hong Kong Baptist University

"… sure covers the density of pathogens in solid waste, soils, plants, human feces and manures. It appears to lacking in the treatment a little. It does cover the issues in developing countries in a holistic fashion. … update reference on pathogens in all niches of the environment and a must reference."

—Robert S. Reimers, Ph.D., Q.E.P., Professor Emeritus, Tulane University

Table of Contents

Pathogens and Diseases Associated with Disposal and Management of Solid Waste

Introduction

Definitions

Sources of Pathogens in Solid Waste

Infection of Humans from Solid Waste

Summary

References

Risk and Exposure

Introduction

Risk Assessment

Hazard Assessment and Identification

Dose-Response Assessment

Exposure Assessment

Risk Characterization

References

Suggested Reading

Odors as a Health Issue

Introduction

Basic Concepts

Odor and Health

Summary

References

Pathogens and Diseases of Solid Wastes: Municipal Solid Waste or Garbage

Introduction

Pathogens and Their Diseases

Vectors

Summary

References

Pathogens and Diseases of Sewage Sludge, Septage, and Human Fecal Matter

Introduction

Pathogens and Diseases

References

Pathogens in Soils

Introduction

Bacteria

Viruses

Parasites

Summary

References

Geophagy and Human Pathogens in Plants

Introduction

Geophagy

Pathogens on Plants

Summary

References

Bioaerosols

Introduction

Fungi and Pathogens Commonly Found in Outdoor and Indoor Environments

References

Pathogens in Animal Waste and Manures

Introduction

Pathogens and Diseases Transmitted to Humans

Summary

References

Pathogens in Food and Water

Introduction

Foodborne Diseases

Waterborne Diseases

Summary

References

Disposal and Management of Solid Waste

Introduction

Landfills or Dumps

Incineration and Burning

Anaerobic Digestion

Land Application

Composting

Lime Stabilization

Summary

References

Details of the Pathogens and Their Diseases

Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae

Acinetobacter baumannii

Actinomyces spp

Aeromonas spp

Ascaris lumbricoides

Bacillaceae spp

Bacillus spp

Bordetella spp

Campylobacter jejuni

Cellulomonas

Entamoeba histolytica

Enterobacteria

Escherichia coli

Klebsiella pneumonia

Micrococcus

Mycobacterium spp

Neisseria

Proteus spp

Pseudomonas spp

Salmonella spp

Serratia plymuthica

Staphylococcus aureus

Streptococcus faecalis (Enterococcus faecalis), Streptococcus pyogenes, and Streptococcus pneumoniae

About the Author

Eliot Epstein, Ph.D., is an internationally known expert in the composting of waste material. He specializes in composting and biosolids management, solid waste, land application, and waste disposal. Dr. Epstein has participated in composting programs performed in North America, Europe, and Asia, and has directed waste management projects for both government and industry. He has conducted technology transfer programs in sludge management and composting of various wastes for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (U.S. DOE). He has also authored over 150 technical papers and produced two books on composting and biosolids-related issues.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC010030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply