264 pages | 66 B/W Illus.
How can we design transport environments that cater to the situation awareness needs of different end-users? This book answers this question by showcasing how state-of-the-art human factors theory and methods can be used to understand how situation awareness differs across drivers, cyclists, motorcyclists, and pedestrians and creates new designs that cater to these diverse situation awareness needs.
Written by experts in the field and based on a major program of work funded by the Australian Research Council, this book outlines the distributed situation awareness model and provides practical guidance on how to study situation awareness naturalistically and how to create designs that support, rather than hinder, situation awareness. The book closes by outlining outline a generic framework to support similar applications in other areas, and discusses future applications in areas such as vehicle automation, artificial intelligence, and cybersecurity.
Situation awareness in individuals, teams, and systems: an overview of situation awareness models and their utility for road safety research and practice. What is going on? Situation Awareness on the road. It’s good to talk: Assessing distributed situation awareness on the road. Is three a crowd? How compatible is the situation awareness of drivers, motorcyclists, and cyclists. Digging deeper into incompatibilities between road user situation awareness: using the Event Analysis of Systemic Teamwork to analyse distributed situation awareness at intersections. The Flood Study: Examining naturalistic interactions between road users at intersections. Designer road environments: A sociotechnical systems approach to designing for distributed situation awareness. Designing for distributed situation awareness: Using Cognitive Work Analysis to identify intersection design requirements. Designing new intersections using the Cognitive Work Analysis Design Toolkit. Multi-road user evaluation of intersection design concepts. Designing for DSA in future road transport systems and beyond
Ongoing advances in lower-cost technologies are supporting a substantive growth worldwide in the use of simulation and naturalistic performance assessment methods for research, training and operational purposes in domains such as road, rail, aviation, mining and healthcare. However, this has not been accompanied by a similar growth in the expertise required to develop and use such systems for evaluating human performance. Whether for research or practitioner purposes, many of the challenges in assessing operator performance, both using simulation and in natural environments, are common. What performance measures should be used, what technology can support the collection of these measures across the different designs, how can other methods and performance measures be integrated to complement objective data, how should behaviours be coded and the performance standards measured and defined? How can these approaches be used to support product development and training, and how can performance within these complex systems be validated? This series addresses a shortfall in knowledge and expertise by providing a unique and dedicated forum for researchers and experienced users of simulation and field-based assessment methods to share practical experiences and knowledge in sufficient depth to facilitate delivery of practical guidance.