Newly gained sovereignty, uneven penetration of neo-liberal ideals and the growth of disparate capitalist markets have elicited varied responses in Central Asia. What does development mean for the political class and for ordinary citizens? What are the effects of new capitalist institutions and markets? What impact did western development blueprints and external donor engagement leave in the region?
This book illuminates the diverse realities of post-Soviet development in Central Asia through a multidisciplinary prism. The contributing articles are grounded in a range of social science disciplines including architecture, anthropology and geography. The analyses demonstrate how a synthesis of specialist knowledge from area studies and individual disciplinary methodologies can provide well-grounded critical positions on development. The book highlights the complexities of everyday routines of dispossession and coping strategies in the face of natural and manmade disasters. These experiences create deep moral anxieties under the debilitating effects of monetisation and marketisation of ordinary livelihoods, social ties and environmental resources. This book was originally published as a special issue of Central Asian Survey.
1. Introduction: market adaptations, interventions and daily experience Gül Berna Özcan 2. Ideology in brick and tile: Timurid architecture of the 21st century Elena Paskaleva 3. The ideology of development and legitimation: beyond ‘Kazakhstan 2030’ Diana T. Kudaibergenova 4. Social, environmental and economic sustainability of Kazakhstan: a long-term perspective Marzhan Thomas 5. Uzbekistan’s ‘spirit’ of self-reliance and the logic of appropriateness: TAPOich and interaction with Russia Bernardo Teles Fazendeiro 6. Promoting empowerment? The World Bank’s Village Investment Project in Kyrgyzstan Babken Babajanian 7. ‘Donors are not interested in reality’: the interplay between international donors and local NGOs in Kyrgyzstan’s HIV/AIDS sector Svetlana Ancker and Bernd Rechel 8. The monetization of social celebrations in rural Kyrgyzstan: on the uses of hashish money Gulzat Botoeva 9. Everyday disasters, stagnation and the normalcy of non-development: Roghun Dam, a flood, and campaigns of forced taxation in southern Tajikistan Diana Ibañez-Tirado
THIRDWORLDS will focus on the political economy, development and cultures of those parts of the world that have experienced the most political, social, and economic upheaval, and which have faced the greatest challenges of the postcolonial world under globalisation: poverty, displacement and diaspora, environmental degradation, human and civil rights abuses, war, hunger, and disease.
THIRDWORLDS serves as a signifier of oppositional emerging economies and cultures ranging from Africa, Asia, Latin America, Middle East, and even those ‘Souths’ within a larger perceived North, such as the U.S. South and Mediterranean Europe. The study of these otherwise disparate and discontinuous areas, known collectively as the Global South, demonstrates that as globalisation pervades the planet, the south, as a synonym for subalterity, also transcends geographical and ideological frontiers.