1st Edition

Diversification and Professionalization in Psychology The Formation of Modern Psychology Volume 2

By Csaba Pléh Copyright 2024
    582 Pages 69 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    582 Pages 69 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Diversification and Professionalization in Psychology offers readers a multicentric perspective on the history of social science and compares the developments in psychology in relation to the developments made in the other social and natural sciences.

    This is the second volume about the formation of modern psychology and provides a comprehensive look into the origins and developments of modern psychology. With a large geographical coverage, European developments are put into their own context in their own time. In doing this, the book explores different early schools, from social reductionists like Durkheim, Charles Blondel, and Maurice Halbwachs, to the social debates about relativism in Lévy-Bruhl, early Piaget, the beginnings of ethology, and the semiotic approach of Karl Bühler. These thinkers are placed in relation to the recent upsurge of different social and biological theories of the mind. Throughout, the author develops a detailed presentation of the thematic development of psychology and links the history of psychology to an outline of contemporary psychology.

    This is an invaluable introductory text for undergraduate students of the history of psychology and will also appeal to postgraduates, academics, and anyone interested in psychology or the history of science. It will also be of interest to graduate students of psychology, biology, sociology, and anthropology with a theoretical interest in the history of the field.

    PART I Disciplinary developments and eclectics

    1. Schools of depth psychology: the divisions of psychoanalysis and neo-Freudism

    2. Individuals and types: the victorious march of personality psychology and measurement

    3. Motivation and dynamic psychologies

    4. The victorious march of developmental theories

    5. Social theories of the mind

    6. The formation of modern social psychology

    7. Soviet/Russian psychology


    PART II On the road toward contemporary psychology

    8. Psychology as learning theory: neobehaviorism

    9. The transformations of experimental psychology: birth and destiny of cognitive psychology

    10. Roads toward a new psychology at the millennium

    11. The future of psychology


    Csaba Pléh is a Hungarian psychologist and linguist, a member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and of the Academia Europeae, and a visiting researcher at the Central European University, Department of Cognitive Science, Hungary. His empirical research is mainly concentrated on the cross-linguistic study of language processing and language development and issues of developmental language disorders.

    "Csaba Pléh’s books are an extremely impressive and unusually wide-ranging study of the history of psychology. It discusses the birth and subsequent development of psychology embedded in the cultural history and the history of ideas, where history of philosophy is often intertwined with the history of experimentation and sometimes even the history of other scientific disciplines. Another ground-breaking feature of the book is the width of the ground it covers, not only in terms of different approaches and historical details, but also geographical regions, devoting significant discussions to psychological schools and approaches that most other histories of psychology treat as mere footnotes to the dominantly Anglo-American tradition. Pléh’s books should be the go-to volumes on the history of psychology not just for psychologists and philosophers but for anyone who is interested in the intellectual developments of the 19th and 20th centuries".

    Bence Nanay, Professor of Philosophy and BOF Research Professor, University of Antwerp, Belgium.

    "This brilliant two-volume work condenses Dr. Pleh’s 30-year exploration of the ideas and movements in psychology. It is a treasure chest for everyone interested in the history of ideas and for instructors who plan to use it as a teaching resource, with lively introductions to all the major (and many minor) figures, not just in the English-speaking world, but in France, Germany, Italy, and Eastern Europe as well. Highly recommended!"

    Zsuzsa Kaldy, Professor, University of Massachusetts Boston, USA.

    "A fascinating story of how we think about ourselves. Csaba Pléh's two-volume history of psychology covers four centuries of intellectual history from early modern forerunners to the latest theories of the human mind, brain and behavior. The scholar of psychology will find in-depth discussions of historical controversies, mainstream ideas, and little-known undercurrents. The casual reader can discover the origins of key notions in psychology that have come down to our times, enjoy the portraits of thinkers who have shaped our views and find insightful illustrations of influential models. An absolute must read for anyone interested in psychology."

    Judit Gervain, Professor, University of Padua, Italy and Senior Research Scientist, CNRS, Paris, France.

    "Csaba Pleh has achieved a remarkable survey, perhaps the most comprehensive and thorough overview of the modern history of psychology produced to date. The work is truly multi-dimensional, describing the relevant facts, acceptable methods, basic laws, and relevant explanations presented in psychology over more than two centuries, while at the same time avoiding unfounded claims of linear progress and taking changing social and political contexts into account."

    Mitchell G. Ash, Professor Emeritus of Modern History with Emphasis in History of Science, University of Vienna, Austria.

    "With these fascinating books, Csaba Pléh has produced the most thorough-going and nuanced history of psychology to-date. We are brought on a remarkable journey through over two centuries of intellectual debate, seen from multiple centers and with particular attention to various European developments. Moreover, his approach is deeply reflective upon basic epistemological issues that psychology has continued to struggle with. In contrast to a linear progress narrative, we are confronted with a diversity of approaches and debates over the nature and practice of psychology as a science."

    Brady Wagoner, Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

    "Pléh’s work crystallizes decades of work in the history of the field and it is informed by a lifetime’s experience as a practicing researcher (most notably in cognitive science and psycholinguistics) and teaching generations of students from around the world.

    The first volume kicks off with a chapter in the Early Modern period, and, highlighting the increasing autonomy of psychology as a discipline, ends in the first decades of the 20th century. The second volume focuses on the last hundred years, on the various trends, divisions and the schisms of the coevolving yet often rival or exclusive approaches. The two volumes have several virtues, they are rich in historical detail as well as philosophical acumen. The author’s sustained interest in the development of the approaches discussed is noteworthy, something that a practicing scientist can appreciate. Yet as a historian, he is more interested in comparing and contrasting approaches than heralding any, and his interest in not just the history but also the historiography of the various French, German, Russian etc. contexts is refreshing.

    With many thought-provoking details and observations the book is of interest to anyone interested in psychology – and graduate students will most likely see the new achievements of their discipline in a different light after reading the book."

    Gábor Á. Zemplén, Professor, Department of Marketing and Argumentation, Eötvös Loránd University, Faculty of Economics, Budapest, Hungary.