This book discusses several methodological problems in traffic psychology which are not currently recognized as such. Summarizing and analyzing the available research, it is found that there are a number of commonly made assumptions about the validity of methods that have little backing, and that many basic problems have not been researched at all. Suggestions are made as to further studies that should be made to address some of these problems. The book is primarily intended for traffic/transport researchers, but should also be useful for specialized education at a higher level (doctoral students and transportation specialists) as well as officials who require a good grasp of methodology to be able to evaluate research.
'Grounded in measurement theory but with numerous applications to the extant literature in traffic safety research, Prof. WÃ¥hlberg reminds us that the value of our scientific endeavors is only as good as our standards of evidence. This provocative work underscores the extent to which future advances in understanding and predicting safety outcomes rely on self-critical examination of the assumptions, methods, and analyses in which we drape our conclusions … even when it becomes apparent that the emperor simply has no clothes.' Loren Staplin, TransAnalytics, LLC, USA
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction; Traffic accident involvement taxonomies; The validity of self-reported traffic behaviour data; Accident proneness; The determination of fault in collisions; The accident-exposure association; Constructing a driving safety criterion; Alternatives to accidents as dependent variable; Case studies; Afterword; References; Index.
About the Series
Human Factors in Road and Rail Transport
Today's society confronts major land transport problems. Human and financial costs of road vehicle crashes and rail incidents are increasing, with road vehicle crashes predicted to become the third largest cause of death and injury globally by 2020. Several social trends pose threats to safety, including increasing vehicle ownership and traffic congestion, advancing technological complexity at the human-vehicle interface, population ageing in the developed world, and ever greater numbers of younger vehicle drivers in the developing world. Ashgate's Human Factors in Road and Rail Transport series makes a timely contribution to these issues by focusing on human and organisational aspects of road and rail safety. The series responds to increasing demands for safe, efficient, economical and environmentally-friendly land-based transport. It does this by reporting on state-of-the-art science that may be applied to reduce vehicle collisions and improve vehicle usability as well as enhancing driver wellbeing and satisfaction. It achieves this by disseminating new theoretical and empirical research generated by specialists in the behavioural and allied disciplines, including traffic and transportation psychology, human factors and ergonomics. The series addresses such topics as driver behaviour and training, in-vehicle technology, driver health and driver assessment. Specially commissioned works from internationally recognised experts provide authoritative accounts of leading approaches to real-world problems in this important field.
BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
- COMPUTERS / Social Aspects / Human-Computer Interaction
- PSYCHOLOGY / General
- TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety