1st Edition

Driver Distraction Theory, Effects, and Mitigation

Edited By Michael A. Regan, John D. Lee, Kristie Young Copyright 2009
    672 Pages 61 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

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    A Practical Resource for Understanding, Preventing, and Managing Driver Distraction

    It is estimated that up to 23 percent of crashes and near-crashes are caused by driver distraction, and these figures will likely increase as more and more distractions, both inside and outside the vehicle, compete for driver attention. Driver Distraction: Theory, Effects, and Mitigation gives a comprehensive overview of this issue, outlining the underlying theory of distraction, its effects on driving performance and safety, strategies for mitigating its effects, and directions for future research. It also brings together the wide array of literature on the topic into one, all-inclusive volume.

    Includes Recommendations for Managing Distractions in the Technological Age

    This comprehensive volume reviews the full range of distracting activities that occur while driving, and available ergonomic methods, guidelines, and checklists for the measurement and mitigation of driver distraction. It also recommends ways to manage distraction through enhanced data collection and analysis, driver education and training, driver licensing, legislation and enforcement, vehicle design, road design, company policies, and future research.

    Beneficial for a broad audience, including:

    • Vehicle manufacturers
    • Road transport authorities and safety agencies
    • Traffic and transport engineers
    • Automotive equipment manufacturers and suppliers
    • Company safety managers
    • Standards organizations
    • Transport safety research agencies

    This work comes at a critical time when road safety authorities are just beginning to recognize the importance of driver distraction as a road safety issue. With balanced and practical guidance, it aims to prevent driver distraction from escalating into an even more significant problem.

    INTRODUCTION

    Introduction, M.A. Regan, K.L. Young, and J.D. Lee

    DEFINITIONS, THEORIES, AND MODELS OF DRIVER DISTRACTION

    On the Philosophical Foundations of the Distracted Driver and Driving Distraction, P.A. Hancock, M. Mouloua, and J.W. Senders

    Defining Driver Distraction, J.D. Lee, K.L. Young, and M.A. Regan

    What Drives Distraction? Distraction as a Breakdown of Multilevel Control, J. D. Lee, M.A. Regan, and K.L. Young

    Models of Attention, Distraction, and Highway Hazard Avoidance, C.D. Wickens and W.J. Horrey

    MEASUREMENT OF DRIVER DISTRACTION

    Measuring Exposure to Driver Distraction, S.P. McEvoy and M.R. Stevenson

    Measuring the Effects of Driver Distraction: Direct Driving Performance Methods and Measures, K.L. Young, M.A. Regan, and J.D. Lee

    Surrogate Distraction Measurement Techniques: The Lane Change Test, S. Mattes and A. Hallén

    Now You See It, Now You Don’t: Visual Occlusion as a Surrogate Distraction Measurement Technique, J.P. Foley

    Distraction Assessment Methods Based on Visual Behavior and Event Detection, T.W. Victor, J. Engström, and J.L. Harbluk

    EFFECTS OF DISTRACTION ON DRIVING PERFORMANCE

    Cellular Phones and Driver Distraction, F.A. Drews and D.L. Strayer

    Sources of Distraction inside the Vehicle and Their Effects on Driving Performance, M. Bayly, K.L. Young, and M.A. Regan

    Distractions outside the Vehicle, T. Horberry and J. Edquist

    Distraction and Public Transport: Case Study of Bus Driver Distraction, P.M. Salmon, K.L. Young, and M.A. Regan

    DISTRACTION, CRASHES, AND CRASH RISK

    Sources of Driver Distraction, M.A. Regan, K.L. Young, J.D. Lee, and C.P. Gordon

    Crash Studies of Driver Distraction, C.P. Gordon

    Epidemiological Research on Driver Distraction, S.P. McEvoy and M.R. Stevenson

    Driver Distraction Exposure Research: A Summary of Findings, K.L. Young and M.A. Regan

    FACTORS MEDIATING THE EFFECTS OF DISTRACTION

    Factors Moderating the Impact of Distraction on Driving Performance and Safety, K.L. Young, M.A. Regan, and J.D. Lee

    Distraction and the Older Driver, S. Koppel, J.L. Charlton, and B. Fildes

    The Relationship between Driver Fatigue and Driver Distraction, A. Williamson

    DESIGN AND STANDARDIZATION

    European Approaches to Principles, Codes, Guidelines, and Checklists for In-Vehicle HMI, A. Stevens

    North American Approaches to Principles, Codes, Guidelines, and Checklists for In-Vehicle HMI, P.C. Burns

    Japanese Approaches to Principles, Codes, Guidelines, and Checklists for In-Vehicle HMI, M. Akamatsu

    Driver Interface Safety and Usability Standards: An Overview, P. Green

    PREVENTION AND MITIGATION STRATEGIES

    Real-Time Distraction Countermeasures, J. Engström and T.W. Victor

    Driving Task Demand–Based Distraction Mitigation, H. Zhang, M.R.H. Smith, and G.J. Witt

    Estimates of Driver Distraction, M.R.H. Smith, G.J. Witt, D.L. Bakowski, D. Leblanc, and J.D. Lee

    Designing Feedback to Mitigate Distraction, B. Donmez, L. Boyle, and J.D. Lee

    Driver Distraction Injury Prevention Countermeasures—Part 1: Data Collection, Legislation and Enforcement, Vehicle Fleet, Management, and Driver Licensing, M.A. Regan, K.L. Young, and J.D. Lee

    Driver Distraction Injury Prevention Countermeasures—Part 2: Education and Training, M. A. Regan, J.D. Lee, and K.L. Young

    Driver Distraction Injury Prevention Countermeasures—Part 3: Vehicle, Technology, and Road Design, T.W. Victor, M.A. Regan, J.D. Lee, and K.L. Young

    Government and Industry Perspectives on Driver Distraction, C. Tingvall, L. Eckstein, and M. Hammer

    CONCLUSIONS

    Some Concluding Remarks, M.A. Regan, K.L. Young, and J.D. Lee

    Index

    Biography

    Michael A. Regan, John D. Lee, Kristie Young

    "This book is a very thorough treatment of driver distraction, with everything you ever wanted to know about the topic, and more.  It is one of the most interesting and informative books on traffic safety I have read in some time.  The chapters are clearly written with a minimum of technical jargon.  This book is a must read for anyone interested in the sources, causes and effects of driver distraction and how distraction can be reduced."

    - Bob Dewar (no listed affiliation)