Drought Adaptation in Cereals  book cover
1st Edition

Drought Adaptation in Cereals

Edited By

Jean-Marcel Ribaut

ISBN 9781560222781
Published September 8, 2006 by CRC Press
682 Pages

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Book Description

Learn how to best improve yield in cereal plants—even in dry conditions

The impact of drought on crop production can be economically devastating. Drought Adaptation in Cereals provides a comprehensive review of the latest research on the tolerance of cereal crops to water-limited conditions. Renowned experts extensively describe basic concepts and cutting-edge research results to clearly reveal all facets of drought adaptation in cereals. More than simply a fine reference for plant biology and plant improvement under water-limited conditions, this book spotlights the most relevant biological approaches from plant phenotyping to functional genomics.

The need to understand plant response to the lack of water is integral to forming strategies to best manage crops. Drought Adaptation in Cereals starts by offering an overview of the biological basis and defines the adaptive mechanisms found in plants under water-limited conditions. Different approaches are presented to provide understanding of plant genetics basics and plant breeding, including phenotyping, physiology, and biotechnology. The book details drought adaptation mechanisms at the cellular, organ, and entire plant levels, focusing on plant metabolism and gene functions. This resource is extensively referenced and contains tables, charts, and figures to clearly present data and enhance understanding.

After a foreword by J. O'Toole and a prologue by A. Blum, Drought Adaptation in Cereals presents a full spectrum of informative topics from other internationally respected scientists. These include:

  • drought’s economic impact (P. Heisey)
  • genotype-by-environment interactions (M. Cooper)
  • secondary traits for drought adaptation (P. Monneveux)
  • leaf growth (F. Tardieu)
  • carbon isotope discrimination (T. Condon)
  • drought adaptation in barley (M. Sorrells), maize (M. Sawkins), rice (R. Lafitte), sorghum (A. Borrell) and wheat (M. Reynolds)
  • carbohydrate metabolism (A. Tiessen)
  • the role of abscisic acid (T. Setter)
  • protection mechanisms and stress proteins (L. Mtwisha)
  • genetic basis of ion homeostasis and water deficit (H. Bohnert)
  • transcriptional factors (K. Yamaguchi-Shinozaki)
  • resurrection plants (D. Bartels)

Drought Adaptation in Cereals is a unique, vital reference for scientists, educators, and students in plant biology, agronomy, and natural resources management.

Table of Contents

  • About the Editor
  • Contributors
  • Foreword (John C. O’Toole)
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1. Drought Adaptation in Cereal Crops: A Prologue (Abraham Blum)
  • The Reality of Drought Resistance in Cereal Crop Cultivars
  • Effective Drought Resistance Mechanisms in Cereals
  • The Genomic Approach
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 2. Economic Impact of Water-Limited Conditions on Cereal Grain Production (Paul W. Heisey and Michael L. Morris)
  • Defining the Issues
  • Defining and Measuring Economic Impact
  • Mitigating the Effects of Water-Limited Conditions
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 3. Genotype-by-Environment Interactions Under Water-Limited Conditions (Mark Cooper, Fred van Eeuwijk, Scott C. Chapman, Dean W. Podlich, and Carlos Löffler)
  • GEI and Drought
  • Examples of Genetic Progress for Yield in Dryland Environments
  • A Framework for Studying GEI
  • Discussion
  • Chapter 4. Secondary Traits for Drought Tolerance Improvement in Cereals (Philippe Monneveux and Jean-Marcel Ribaut)
  • Crop Response to Water-Limited Conditions
  • The Potential Interest of Secondary Traits
  • How to Establish the Value of Secondary Traits
  • The Use of Secondary Traits in the Selection Process
  • Secondary Traits Successfully Deployed in Cereal Improvement Programs
  • Perspectives: Development in Physiological and Molecular Measurements
  • Chapter 5. Leaf Growth Under Water-Limited Conditions (François Tardieu)
  • Processes Involved in the Control of Leaf Growth
  • Quantification of the Phenotype: Responses of Leaf Elongation Rate to Several Environmental Conditions
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Chapter 6. The Application of Carbon Isotope Discrimination in Cereal Improvement for Water-Limited Environments (Anthony G. Condon, Graham D. Farquhar, Greg. J. Rebetzke, and Richard A. Richards)
  • Carbon Isotope Discrimination: A Physiological Marker for High Transpiration Efficiency
  • Variation in 13C of C3 Cereals
  • Carbon Isotope Discrimination and Measures of Performance
  • Case Study: Application of Carbon Isotope Analysis in Wheat Breeding for Australia
  • Other Potential Applications for Carbon Isotope Discrimination in Cereal Improvement
  • Future Directions
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 7. Drought Adaptation in Barley (Mark E. Sorrells, Ayman Diab, and Dominique This)
  • Genetics of Drought Tolerance in Barley
  • Physiology of Drought Tolerance in Barley
  • QTL Studies of Drought Tolerance
  • Comparative Analysis of Drought Tolerance with Other Cereals
  • Breeding for Drought Tolerance
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 8. Drought Adaptation in Maize (Mark C. Sawkins, Julien DeMeyer, and Jean-Marcel Ribaut)
  • Phenotypic Selection
  • Farmer Participation: Mother-Baby Trials
  • Genetic Dissection of Target Traits
  • The Genomic Approach
  • The CIMMYT Approach
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 9. Drought Adaptation in Rice (Renee Lafitte, John Bennett, and Arumugam Kathiresan)
  • Breeding Rice for Improved Drought Tolerance
  • Functional Genomic Approaches to Drought in Rice
  • Conclusions and Opportunities
  • Chapter 10. Drought Adaptation in Sorghum (Andrew Borrell, David Jordan, John Mullett, Bob Henzell, and Graeme Hammer)
  • Drought Resistance Breeding in Grain Sorghum
  • Physiological Basis of Drought Adaptation in Sorghum
  • Physiological Traits to Combat Drought
  • Isolation and Characterization of Sorghum Genes for Drought Adaptation
  • Combining Genetic and Management Solutions to Combat Drought
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 11. Drought Adaptation in Wheat (Matthew P. Reynolds, Greg Rebetzke, Alessandro Pellegrineschi, and Richard Trethowan)
  • Drought Environments
  • The Complexity of Drought As an Agronomic Concept
  • Conceptual Models of Drought Adaptation
  • Exploitation of Genetic Diversity
  • Genetic Considerations When Breeding for Yield Under Drought
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 12. Carbohydrate Metabolism Under Water-Limited Conditions (Axel Tiessen, John Lunn, and Peter Geigenberger)
  • Photosynthesis and Carbohydrate Metabolism in Leaves
  • From Source to Sink: Carbohydrate Transport
  • The Fate of Carbohydrate in Sink Tissues
  • The Plant As an Integrated System
  • Prospects for Plant Breeding
  • The Future of Marker-Assisted Selection
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 13. The Role of Abscisic Acid Under Water-Limited Conditions (Tim L. Setter)
  • Stomata
  • Aquaporins
  • LEAs and Osmolytes
  • Growth Regulation
  • Seed Dormancy
  • Kernel Set
  • ABA Synthesis
  • Genetic Improvement of ABA Accumulation
  • Chapter 14. Protection Mechanisms Against Water Deficit Stress: Desiccation Tolerance in Seeds As a Study Case (Linda Mtwisha, Jill Farrant, Wolf Brandt, and George Lindsey)
  • The Role of Water in Biological Processes
  • Protection Mechanisms Against Water-Deficit Stress
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 15. Genetic Basis of Ion Homeostasis and Water Deficit (Hans J. Bohnert, Ray A. Bressan, and P. Michael Hasegawa)
  • The Connectivity of Salt and Drought Response Pathways
  • Ion Homeostasis
  • Biotechnological Strategies to Improve Crop Salt Tolerance by Modulating Ion Homeostasis
  • Chapter 16. The DRE/DREB Regulon of Gene Expression in Arabidopsis and Rice in Response to Drought and Cold Stress (Kazuko Yamaguchi-Shinozaki, Yoh Sakuma, Yusuke Ito, and Kazuo Shinozaki)
  • Transcriptome Analysis of Abiotic Stress-Inducible Gene Expression in Rice
  • DRE/DREB Regulon in Arabidopsis
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 17. What Can We Learn from Resurrection Plants? (Dorothea Bartels, Andrea Ditzer, and Antonella Furini)
  • Description of Resurrection Plants
  • The Role of the Phytohormone Abscisic Acid
  • Identification of Gene Products Relevant to Desiccation Tolerance
  • Regulation of Gene Expression in Resurrection Plants in the Context of the Knowledge Gained from Studies Using Other Nondesiccation-Tolerant Plants
  • How Does the Study of Resurrection Plants Advance Our Understanding of Desiccation Tolerance?
  • Index
  • Reference Notes Included

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