Drugs, Alcohol and Addiction in the Long Nineteenth Century : Volume II book cover
1st Edition

Drugs, Alcohol and Addiction in the Long Nineteenth Century
Volume II

Edited By

Daniel Malleck

ISBN 9781138350120
Published April 2, 2020 by Routledge
532 Pages

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Book Description

This collection captures key themes and issues in the broad history of addiction and vice in the Anglo-American world. Focusing on the long nineteenth-century, the volumes consider how scientific, social, and cultural experiences with drugs, alcohol, addiction, gambling, and prostitution varied around the world. What might be considered vice, or addiction could be interpreted in various ways, through various lenses, and such activities were interpreted differently depending upon the observer: the medical practitioner; the evangelical missionary; the thrill seeking bon-vivant, and the concerned government commissioner, to name but a few. For example, opium addiction in middle class households resulting from medical treatment was judged much differently than Chinese opium smoking by those in poverty or poor living conditions in North American work camps on the west coast, or on the streets of Soho.

This collection will assemble key documents representing both the official and general view of these various activities, providing readers with a cross section of interpretations and a solid grounding in the material that shaped policy change, cultural interpretation, and social action.

Table of Contents

Volume 2: Healers discovering and treating addiction

Part 1. Is the opium habit a problem?

  1. George W. Carpenter, ‘Observations and Experiments on Opium’, American Journal of Science and Arts, 13, 1828, 17-32.
  2. R. Christison, ‘On the Effects of Opium Eating on Health and Longevity’, Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal, 37, 1832, 123-35
  3. G. R. Mart, ‘Effects of the Practice of Opium Eating’, Lancet, 1, 1831-32, 712-13.
  4. John Eberle, ‘Effects of Opium Eating’, Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, 6, 4 April 1832, 128-31.
  5. Robert Little, ‘On the Habitual Use of Opium’, Monthly Journal of Medical Science, 10, 1850, 524-531.
  6. Robert Christison, ‘Supplement to the Preceding Paper [by Little] on the Habitual Use of Opium, More Especially the Mode of Cure’, Monthly Journal of Medical Science, 10, 1850, 531-38.
  7. A. Calkins, ‘Opium Contrasted with Alcoholic Beverages’, in Opium and the Opium Appetite (Philadelphia: J Lippincott, 1871), pp. 277-86
  8. Part 2. Growing problem of iatrogenic morphine.

  9. D. McGillivray, ‘Excessive Use of Morphia, a DRAHM of the Sulphate taken at one Dose with Impunity’, Canada Medical Journal, 5, 1869, 352-54.
  10. J. B. Mattison, ‘The Impending Danger’, Medical Record, 11, 1876, 69-71.
  11. C. R. Francis, ‘On the Value and Use of Opium’, Medical Times and Gazette 1, 1882, 87-9, 116-17
  12. W. S. Watson, ‘On the Evil of Opium Eating’, JAMA, 14, 10 May 1890, 671-74.
  13. T. D. Crothers, ‘Criminality and Morphinism’, New York Medical Journal, 95, 1912, 163-65 .
  14. Part 3. Cocaine: Miracle cure?

  15. H. F. Stimmel, ‘Coca in the Opium and Alcohol Habits’, Therapeutic Gazette, ns 2, 15 April 1881, 132-33; 15 July 1881, 252-53.
  16. George LeForger, ‘Coca in the Opium Habit’, Therapeutic Gazette, 6, 1882, 458.
  17. J. P. Marsh, ‘A Case of the Opium Habit Treated with Erythroxylon Coca’, Therapeutic Gazette, 7, 1883, 359.
  18. S. Freud, ‘Coca’, [Trans S. Pollack] St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal, 47, 1884, 502-5.
  19. Part 4. Cocaine a menace

  20. W. A. Hammond, ‘Remarks on Cocaine and the So-called Cocaine Habit’, Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 13, 1886, 754-58.
  21. J. B. Mattison, ‘Cocainism’, Medical Record, 42, 1892, 474-477; 43, 1893, 34-36.
  22. Stephen Lett, ‘Cocaine Addiction and its Diagnosis’, Canada Lancet, 31, December 1898, 829-32.
  23. Anon, ‘Cocaine Alley’, American Druggist and Pharmaceutical Record, 37, 10 Dec 1900, 337-38.
  24. Anon, ‘Negro Cocaine Fiends’, Medical News, 81, 1902, 895.
  25. T. D. Crothers, ‘Cocainism’, Quarterly Journal of Inebriety, 32, 1910, 78-84.
  26. Part 5. Heroin, no great solution

  27. W. Blair Stewart, ‘Heroin’, Medical Bulletin, 23, 1901, 86-88.
  28. George E. Pettey, ‘The Heroin Habit Another Curse’, Alabama Medical Journal, 15, 1903, 174-80.
  29. John Phillips, ‘Prevalence of the Heroin Habit: Especially the Use of the Drug by "Snuffing"', JAMA 59, 14 December 1912, 2146-47.
  30. Part 6. Considering drink, inebriety, and cure.

  31. W. B. Carpenter, ‘Introduction’, Physiology of Temperance and Total Abstinence, pp. 1-6
  32. G. H. Lewes, ‘Physiological Errors of Teetotalism’, Westminster Review, 8, July 1855, 94-124.
  33. W. B. Carpenter, ‘To the Editor of the "Westminster Review"’, Westminster Review, 65, January 1856, 218-20.
  34. George M. Beard, ‘Causes of the Recent Increase of Inebriety in America’, Quarterly Journal of Inebriety, 1, December 1876, 25-48.
  35. Rev. John Willett, ‘The Dogma of Human Responsibility: More Especially as it Related to Inebriety’, Quarterly Journal of Inebriety, 1, Sept 1877, 193-211.
  36. W. W. Godding, ‘The Problem of the Inebriate’, JAMA, 8, 8 January 1887, 29-32.
  37. W. A. Hammond, T. D. Crothers, E. N. Carpenter and C. Edson, ‘Is Drunkenness Curable?’, North American Review, 153, 1891, 346-74.
  38. Walter T. Harris, ‘Alcohol: A Poison, a Medicine, a Luxury’, South African Medical Journal, 3, November 1895, 184-91.
  39. William C. Sullivan, ‘The Criminal Responsibility of the Alcoholic’, British Journal of Inebriety, 2, 1904-5, 48-53.
  40. Charles P. Emerson, ‘Alcoholism and Disease’, The Survey, 25, October 1910, 41-46
  41. Part 7. Hypodermic drug use

  42. F. E. Anstie, ‘The Hypodermic Injection of Remedies’, Practitioner, 1, 1868, 32-41.
  43. Clifford Albutt, ‘On the Abuse of Hypodermic Injections of Morphia’, Practitioner, 5, 1870, 327-30.
  44. F. E. Anstie, ‘On the Effects of the Prolonged Use of Morphia by Subcutaneous Injection’, Practitioner, 6, March 1871, 148-57.
  45. Part 8. The role of professionals in growth of addiction

  46. J. B. Mattison, ‘The Responsibility of the Profession in the Production of Opium Inebriety’, Medical and Surgical Reporter, 38, 1878, 101-4.
  47. J. B. Mattison, ‘Morphinism in Medical Men’, JAMA, 23, 1894, 186-88.
  48. T. D. Crothers, ‘Morphinism among Physicians’, Medical Record, 56, 1899, 784-86.
  49. Richard Dewey, ‘Addiction to Drugs, Especially in Reference to the Medical Profession’, Medical Age, 18, 1900, 321-25.
  50. T. J. Happel, ‘Morphinism from the Standpoint of the General Practitioner’, JAMA, 35, 1900, 407-9
  51. Henry B. Hynson, et al. ‘Report of Committee on Acquirement of the Drug Habit’, Proceedings of the American Pharmaceutical Association, 50, 1902, 567-75
  52. J. H. Beal, ‘An Anti-Narcotic Law’, Proceedings of the American Pharmaceutical Association, 51, 1903, 478-87.
  53. Part 9. Treating the habitue/inebriate/addict

  54. Edward Levinstein, ‘On Morphinomania’, London Medical Record, 4, 1876, 55-58.
  55. Edward Levinstein, Morbid Craving for Morphia, Trans. Charles Harrier (London: Smith Elder &Co, 1878), pp. 1-10.
  56. Benjamin Ward Richardson, ‘Morphia Habitués and their Treatment’, The Asclepiad: A Book of Original Research and Observation (London: Longmans, Green and Company, 1884), pp. 1-31.
  57. S. J. Sharkey, ‘The Treatment of Morphia Habitués by Suddenly Discontinuing the Drug’, Lancet, 29 December 1883, 1130-31.
  58. J. St Thomas Clarke, ‘Treatment of the Habit of Injecting Morphia by Suddenly Discontinuing the Drug’, Lancet, 20 September 1884, 491.
  59. Arthur Wayne Foot, ‘On Morphinism’, Dublin Journal of Medical Science, 88, 2 December 1889, 457-70; Discussion 531-33.
  60. O. Jennings, On the Cure of the Morphia Habit (London: Bailliere, Tindall, and Cox, 1890), pp. 45-68.

    Part 10. Proprietary Medicines as Causes and Cures of Addiction

  62. Leslie E. Keeley, ‘Drunkenness: A Curable Disease’, American Journal of Politics, July 1892, 27-43.
  63. Lewis D. Mason, ‘Patent and Proprietary Medicines as the Cause of the Alcohol and Opium Habit or Other Forms of Narcomania-with some Suggestions as to How the Evil May Be Remedied’, Quarterly Journal of Inebriety, 25, 1903, 1-13.
  64. Anon, ‘Father Murphy Institute’, letter dated March 1904 in ‘Alcoholism ephemera, Box 1’, EPH568, Wellcome Collection.
  65. Murphy Gold Cure Co. (ca. 1894). pamphlet from the Canadian Institute of Historical Microreproductions, CIHM 37243. Original in Thomas Fischer Rare book room, University of Toronto.
  66. Part 11. Institutionalization

  67. Rev. Henry W. Bellows and Prof. Roswell D. Hitchcock, Addresses ...on Behalf of the United States Inebriate Asylum (New York: M. B. Wynkoop, 1855), pp. 3-18.
  68. Alexander Peddie, ‘Appendix’, in The Necessity for Some Legalised Arrangements for the Treatment of Dipsomania, or the Drinking Insanity (Edinburgh: Sutherland and Knox, 1858), pp. 31-36.
  69. Anon, ‘Our Inebriates: Classified and Clarified by an Inmate of the New York State Inebriate Asylum’, Atlantic Monthly, April 1869, 477-83.
  70. Anon, ‘Our Inebriates: Harbored and Helped, by an Inmate of the New York Inebriate Asylum’, Atlantic Monthly, July 1869, 109-19.
  71. ‘Inebriate Asylums’, Royal Commission on Asylums for the Insane and Inebriate, Colony of Victoria, 1886, xvii-xx, cxix-cxxii.
  72. J. W. Grosvenor, ‘What Shall We Do with Our Alcoholic Inebriates?’, Bulletin of the American Academic of Medicine, 2, June 1895, 119-28.
  73. Arnold A. Watkins, ‘Inebriety or Narcomania, South African Medical Journal, 4, July 1896, 53-56.
  74. Charles A. Rosenwasser, ‘A Plea for the Establishment of Hospitals for the Rational Treatment of Inebriates’, Medical Record, 8, May 1909, 795-98.

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Daniel Malleck is Associate Professor in the Department of Health Sciences, Brock University, Canada