2nd Edition

Drugs in Use




ISBN 9780273763758
Published May 16, 2012 by Routledge
82 Pages

USD $13.95

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Book Description

Understanding how drugs work is made simple in this easy to use pocket-sized guide. Drugs in common use are described under each body system and will form an aid to your confident administration of drugs to fit your patients' needs.

 

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Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

Some classes of drugs   

Common abbreviations used in drug administration  

Latin abbreviations  

Routes of administration

Units used in drug administration  

Recognised drug abbreviations   

Other common abbreviations   

SOME DEFINITIONS    ROUTES OF DRUG ADMINISTRATION     

Oral administration Intravenous drug administration

Drug absorption, distribution, metabolism and elimination    

Absorption   

Drug distribution   

Drug metabolism and elimination  

Mechanisms of drug action – pharmacodynamics  

Drug receptors  

Some drugs affecting adrenergic transmission  

Drugs and the respiratory tract      Bronchodilators   

Other drugs used in asthma   

Steroids (glucocorticoids, corticosteroids

Cardiovascular drugs

Nitrates  

Calcium channel blockers

Alpha adrenoreceptor antagonists   

Potassium channel activators

ACE-Inhibitors

Angiotensin-II receptor antagonists

Drugs affecting cardiac contractility    Digoxin  

Adrenaline   Atropine   

Beta-adrenergic antagonists (beta-blockers)  

Antiarrhythmic drugs     

Vaughan Williams classification of antidysrhythmic drugs   

Examples of drugs used for specific cardiac arrhythmias

Lipid-lowering drugs   

Statins   

Fibrates  

NICE guidance to choice of drug treatment for newly diagnosed hypertension

Prevention of CVD    Chronic heart failure   Antithrombotics       Anticoagulants

Antiplatelet drugs  

Thrombolytic agents  

Diuretics   Urinary incontinence Gastrointestinal tract   AntiEmetics   Analgesics   

Paracetamol   NSDAIDs  

Opioids

Drugs to treat diabetes mellitus      

The different actions of various types of insulin   

Oral hypoglycaemic agents and their action

Some antibacterial drugs    The central nervous system      

Drugs commonly used to prevent seizures in epilepsy  

Parkinson’s disease   

Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia  

ANTIDEPRESSANTS HYPNOTICS    ANTIPSYCHOTIC DRUGS ADVERSE DRUG REACTIONS   

Predisposing factors   

Examples of ADRs  

Adverse drug events   

Some prescribing and administration errors  

Possible causes of prescribing and administration errors  

Preventing errors   

Drug and food interactions   

Some differentiating features of drug overdose    

Drugs causing coma  

Drugs affecting pupil size  

Drugs causing respiratory features   

Cardiovascular features   

Common drug overdoses  

Useful websites   

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