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Drylands Facing Change
Interventions, Investments and Identities



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ISBN 9781032005089
December 15, 2022 Forthcoming by Routledge
280 Pages 12 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This edited volume examines the changes that arise from the entanglement of global interests and narratives with the local struggles that have always existed in the drylands of Africa, the Middle East, and Central Asia and Inner Asia.

Changes in drylands are happening in an overwhelming manner. Climate change, growing political instability, and increasing enclosures of large expanses of often common land are some of the changes with far-reaching consequences for those who make their living in the drylands. At the same time, powerful narratives about the drylands as ‘wastelands’ and their ‘backward’ inhabitants continue to hold sway, legitimizing interventions for development, security and conservation, informing re-emerging frontiers of investment (for agriculture, extraction, infrastructure), and shaping new dryland identities. The chapters in this volume discuss the politics of change triggered by forces as diverse as the global land and resource rush, the expansion of new Information and Communication Technologies, urbanization, the COVID-19 pandemic, and the spread of violent extremism. While recognizing that changes are co-produced by differently positioned actors from within and outside the drylands, this volume presents the dryland’s point of view. It therefore takes the views, experiences, and agencies of dryland dwellers as the point of departure to not only understand the changes that are transforming their lives, livelihoods, and future aspirations, but also to highlight the unexpected spaces of contestation and innovation that have hitherto remained understudied. 

This edited volume will be of much interest to students, researchers and scholars of natural resource management, land and resource grabbing, political ecology, sustainable development and drylands in general.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Drylands, frontiers, and the politics of change

Angela Kronenburg García, Tobias Haller, Han van Dijk, Jeroen Warner, Cyrus Samimi

PART 1: CLIMATE, ENVIRONMENT, AND NARRATIVES

Chapter 2. Climate variability and institutional flexibility: Resource governance at the intersection between ecological instability and mobility in drylands

Han van Dijk, Cyrus Samimi, Harald Zandler

Chapter 3. Environmental crisis narratives in drylands

Jeroen Warner, Angela Kronenburg García, Tobias Haller

PART 2: RESOURCES, INSTITUTIONS, AND POWER

Chapter 4. Wetlands in drylands: Large-scale appropriations for agriculture, conservation and mining in Africa

Angela Kronenburg García, Andrea Pase, Tobias Haller, Luis Artur, Sá Nogueira Lisboa, Marina Bertoncin, Monika Metrak and Malgorzata Suska-Malawska

Chapter 5. Large-scale agricultural investments in drylands: Facing some blind spots in the grabbing debate

Andrea Pase, Irna Hofman, Angela Kronenburg García, Tobias Haller, Davide Cirillo, Markus Giger, Manuel Abebe, Kaspar Hurni, Marina Bertoncin

Chapter 6. The ‘open cut’ in drylands: Challenges of artisanal mining and pastoralism encountering industrial mining, development, and resource grabbing

Troy Sternberg, Matthieu Bolay, Tobias Haller, Thomas Niederberger

Chapter 7. Mega-infrastructure projects in drylands: From enchantments to disenchantments

Tobias Haller, Andrea Pase, Jeroen Warner, Nurit Hashimshony-Yaffe, Angela Kronenburg García, Marina Bertoncin

Chapter 8. The new green grabbing frontier and participation: Conserving drylands with or without people

Eduard Gargallo, Tobias Haller, Dawn Chatty, Samuel Weissman, Heino Meessen, Markus Giger, Roman Maisuradze, Nukri Iashvili, Nino Chkhobbadze

PART 3: CONFLICT, CONNECTION, AND LIVELIHOODS

Chapter 9. Religious movements in the drylands: Ethnicity, jihadism, and violent extremism

Han van Dijk, Mirjam de Bruijn

Chapter 10. Making cities in drylands: Migration, livelihoods, and policy

Nurit Hashimshony-Yaffe, Qian Zhang, Ahmed Alhuseen

Chapter 11. Drylands connected: Mobile communication and changing power positions in (nomadic) pastoral societies

Mirjam de Bruijn, Qian Zhang, Hama Abu-Kishk, Bilal Butt, Nurit Hashimshony-Yaffe, Troy Sternberg, Annemiek Pas

PART 4: RESPONSES AND POTENTIALS

Chapter 12. Pastoralists under COVID-19 lockdown: Collaborative research on impacts and responses in Kenyan and Mongolian drylands

Joana Roque de Pinho, Angela Kronenburg García, Nurit Hashimshony-Yaffe, Troy Sternberg, Andrea Pase, Stanley ole Neboo, Debra Seenoi, Daniel Mayiani, Lenaai ole Mowuo, Matinkoi ole Mowuo, Sabdio Wario, Batbuyan Batjav, Bolor-Erdene Battsengel, Enkbayar Sainbayar

Chapter 13. Alternative perspectives: A bright side of natural resource governance in drylands

Annemiek Pas, Tobias Haller, Irene Blanco-Guttiérez, Troy Sternberg, Patrick Meyfroidt

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Editor(s)

Biography

Angela Kronenburg García is an F.R.S.-FNRS postdoctoral fellow at UCLouvain, Belgium, and a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Padua, Italy.

Tobias Haller is Professor at the Institute of Social Anthropology at the University of Bern, Switzerland.

Han van Dijk is Professor at the Sociology of Development and Change Group at Wageningen University, The Netherlands.

Cyrus Samimi is a Professor of Climatology at the University of Bayreuth, Germany, where he also serves as Vice Dean of Digital Solutions in the Cluster of Excellence Africa Multiple.

Jeroen Warner is a Senior Associate Professor of Crisis and Disaster Studies at Wageningen University, The Netherlands.