Dynamical Systems for Biological Modeling : An Introduction book cover
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Dynamical Systems for Biological Modeling
An Introduction




ISBN 9781420066418
Published December 22, 2015 by Chapman and Hall/CRC
492 Pages 220 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Dynamical Systems for Biological Modeling: An Introduction prepares both biology and mathematics students with the understanding and techniques necessary to undertake basic modeling of biological systems. It achieves this through the development and analysis of dynamical systems.

The approach emphasizes qualitative ideas rather than explicit computations. Some technical details are necessary, but a qualitative approach emphasizing ideas is essential for understanding. The modeling approach helps students focus on essentials rather than extensive mathematical details, which is helpful for students whose primary interests are in sciences other than mathematics need or want.

The book discusses a variety of biological modeling topics, including population biology, epidemiology, immunology, intraspecies competition, harvesting, predator-prey systems, structured populations, and more.

The authors also include examples of problems with solutions and some exercises which follow the examples quite closely. In addition, problems are included which go beyond the examples, both in mathematical analysis and in the development of mathematical models for biological problems, in order to encourage deeper understanding and an eagerness to use mathematics in learning about biology.

Table of Contents

ELEMENTARY TOPICS

Introduction to Biological Modeling
The Nature and Purposes of Biological Modeling
The Modeling Process
Types of Mathematical Models
Assumptions, Simplifications, and Compromises
Scale and Choosing Units

Difference Equations (Discrete Dynamical Systems)
Introduction to Discrete Dynamical Systems
Graphical Analysis
Qualitative Analysis and Population Genetics
Intraspecies Competition
Harvesting
Period Doubling and Chaos
Structured Populations
Predator-Prey Systems

First-Order Differential Equations (Continuous Dynamical Systems)
Continuous-Time Models and Exponential Growth
Logistic Population Models
Graphical Analysis
Equations and Models with Variables Separable
Mixing Processes and Linear Models
First-Order Models with Time Dependence

Nonlinear Differential Equations
Qualitative Analysis Tools
Harvesting
Mass-Action Models
Parameter Changes, Thresholds, and Bifurcations
Numerical Analysis of Differential Equations

MORE ADVANCED TOPICS

Systems of Differential Equations
Graphical Analysis: The Phase Plane
Linearization of a System at an Equilibrium
Linear Systems with Constant Coefficients
Qualitative Analysis of Systems

Topics in Modeling Systems of Populations
Epidemiology: Compartmental Models
Population Biology: Interacting Species
Numerical Approximation to Solutions of Systems

Systems with Sustained Oscillations and Singularities
Oscillations in Neural Activity
Singular Perturbations and Enzyme Kinetics
HIV - An Example from Immunology
Slow Selection in Population Genetics
Second-Order Differential Equations: Acceleration

APPENDICES

An Introduction to the Use of MapleTM

Taylor’s Theorem and Linearization

Location of Roots of Polynomial Equations

Stability of Equilibrium of Difference Equations

Answers to Selected Exercises

Bibliography

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Author(s)

Biography

Fred Brauer, PhD, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Christopher Kribs, PhD, University of Texas at Arlington, USA