1st Edition

Dynamics and Developments of Social Structures and Networks in Prehistoric and Protohistoric Cyprus

Edited By Teresa Bürge, Laerke Recht Copyright 2024
    318 Pages 95 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This volume substantiates the island of Cyprus as an important player in the history of the ancient Eastern Mediterranean and Near East, and presents new theoretical and analytical approaches.

    The Cypriot Neolithic, Chalcolithic, and Bronze Age are characterised by an increasing complexity of social and political organisation, economic systems, and networks. The book discusses and defines how specific types of material datasets and assemblages, such as architecture, artefacts, and ecofacts, and their contextualisation can form the basis of interpretative models of social structures and networks in ancient Cyprus. This is explored through four main themes: approaches to social dynamics; social and economic networks and connectivity; adaptability and agency; and social dynamics and inequality. The variety and transition of social structures on the island are discussed on multiple scales, from the local and relatively short-term to island-wide and eastern Mediterranean-wide and the longue durée. The focus of study ranges from urban to non-urban contexts and is reflected in settlement, funerary, and other ritual contexts. Connections, both within the island and to the broader Eastern Mediterranean, and how these impact social and economic developments on the island, are explored. Discussions revolve around the potential of consolidating the models based on specialised studies into a cohesive interpretation of society on ancient Cyprus and its strategic connections with surrounding regions in a diachronic perspective from the Neolithic through the end of the Bronze Age, i.e. from roughly the seventh millennium to the eleventh century BCE.

    Dynamics and Developments of Social Structures and Networks in Prehistoric and Protohistoric Cyprus is intended for researchers and students of the archaeology and history of ancient Cyprus, the Aegean, and the Eastern Mediterranean.

    1. Introduction: connecting multiple approaches to social structures and networks

    Lærke Recht and Teresa Bürge


    2. Material convergences in a globalising world? Cyprus and the Near East in the seventh and sixth millennia BCE

    Joanne Clarke and Alexander Wasse


    3. Economic convergences in a globalising world? Cyprus and the Near East in the seventh and sixth millennia BCE

    Alexander Wasse and Joanne Clarke


    4. A multi-proxy approach to human-environment-climate coevolution in prehistoric and protohistoric Cyprus

    Francesca Chelazzi


    5. Rethinking the emergence of social inequalities: the case of Chalcolithic Cyprus

    Bleda S. Düring


    6. Metal artefact production and distribution in Early and Middle Bronze Age Cyprus: patterns of intraregional and interregional connection and disconnection

    Jennifer M. Webb


    7. Intraregional and interregional connections on Cyprus between MC III and LC I in the regions of Limassol and Paphos

    Elena Peri


    8. Innovation and adaptation: ceramic development across the Middle to Late Cypriot horizon

    Christine Johnston, Lindy Crewe and Artemios Oikonomou


    9. Cypriot connections through the Middle to Late Bronze Age transition in the Western Galilee: a review of residual Cypriot pottery from Tel Achziv

    Brigid Clark


    10. Strategies for success during the transition to the Late Bronze Age at Kissonerga-Skalia

    Lindy Crewe and Ellon Souter


    11. The social context of ritual in Late Bronze Age Cyprus: an archaeobotanical study from the cemetery of Hala Sultan Tekke

    Dominika Kofel, Teresa Bürge and Peter M. Fischer


    12. Of bulls and birds: Mycenaean and Cypriot animal and social symbolism on the move

    Katarzyna Zeman-Wiśniewska


    13. Eastern Mediterranean exchange networks: imported ceramics at Pyla-Kokkinokremos, Cyprus

    Ioanna Kostopoulou


    14. Pyla-Kokkinokremos (Cyprus) and Late Bronze Age Mediterranean networks: the role of the pithoi

    Francesca Porta and Valentina Cannavò


    15. Pursuits of social status and power at Maa-Palaeokastro

    Artemis Georgiou


    16. Connecting communities: agency and social interactions in prehistoric and protohistoric Cyprus

    Louise Steel


    Teresa Bürge is Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Universities of Gothenburg and Bern, and at the Austrian Academy of Sciences. Her research focuses on the Bronze and Iron Ages in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Levant, in specific pottery and pottery provenance studies, economy, trade and exchange of goods, as well as depositional practices, ritual, and cult. She has co-directed the Swedish excavations at Hala Sultan Tekke, Cyprus, and is the expedition’s ceramic expert.

    Lærke Recht is Professor of Early Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology, Institute of Classics (Ancient Eastern Mediterranean Studies), University of Graz, and Research Fellow at the International Institute for Mesopotamian Area Studies. Her main research interests are the Bronze Age and prehistory of Cyprus, Mesopotamia, and the Aegean, in particular material culture studies, human-animal relations, and exchange networks. She conducts excavations in Cyprus at Erimi-Pitharka and is a part of the Tell Mozan Project in Syria.