1st Edition

Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks Vol 2 Proceedings of the 25th International Symposium on Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks (IAVSD 2017), 14-18 August 2017, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia

    The International Symposium on Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks is the leading international gathering of scientists and engineers from academia and industry in the field of ground vehicle dynamics to present and exchange their latest innovations and breakthroughs. Established in Vienna in 1977, the International Association of Vehicle System Dynamics (IAVSD) has since held its biennial symposia throughout Europe and in the USA, Canada, Japan, South Africa and China. The main objectives of IAVSD are to promote the development of the science of vehicle dynamics and to encourage engineering applications of this field of science, to inform scientists and engineers on the current state-of-the-art in the field of vehicle dynamics and to broaden contacts among persons and organisations of the various countries engaged in scientific research and development in the field of vehicle dynamics and related areas.

    IAVSD 2017, the 25th Symposium of the International Association of Vehicle System Dynamics was hosted by the Centre for Railway Engineering at Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Australia in August 2017. The symposium focused on the following topics related to road and rail vehicles and trains: dynamics and stability; vibration and comfort; suspension; steering; traction and braking; active safety systems; advanced driver assistance systems; autonomous road and rail vehicles; adhesion and friction; wheel-rail contact; tyre-road interaction; aerodynamics and crosswind; pantograph-catenary dynamics; modelling and simulation; driver-vehicle interaction; field and laboratory testing; vehicle control and mechatronics; performance and optimization; instrumentation and condition monitoring; and environmental considerations.

    Providing a comprehensive review of the latest innovative developments and practical applications in road and rail vehicle dynamics, the 213 papers now published in these proceedings will contribute greatly to a better understanding of related problems and will serve as a reference for researchers and engineers active in this specialised field. Volume 2 contains 135 papers under the subject heading Rail.


    Improvements in strain gage technology to measure dynamic forces acting on bogie parts and rails
    A.M. Orlova, R.A. Savushkin, D.V. Shevchenko, T.S. Kuklin, Y.O. Kuzmitskiy, S.V. Dmitriev & A.V. Belyankin

    From scaled experiments of mechatronic guidance to multibody simulations of DLR’s next generation train set
    A. Heckmann, D. Lüdicke, G. Grether & A. Keck

    Wheel damage prediction for universal cost model applications
    B. Dirks, C. Casanueva, M. Berg & T. Bustad

    Track damage prediction for universal cost model applications
    C. Casanueva, B. Dirks, M. Berg & T. Bustad

    Evaluation of wheel/rail performance with testing, stochastic simulation and pummelling analysis
    W. Huang, A. Woelfle, A. Jahagirdar & Y. Liu

    Dynamics of a roller coaster vehicle
    J. Ambrosio, M. Viegas, P. Antunes & H. Magalhães

    Impact of low amounts of water in combination with wear debris/iron oxides on wheel-rail adhesion
    K. Six, G. Trummer, L. Buckley-Johnstone & R. Lewis

    Wheel-profile optimization for a gauge changing bogie with independently rotating wheels
    B. Kurzeck & M. Schmidt

    Alstom state of the art on design, simulation and assessment of tilting trains
    N. Kuka, A. Elia, C. Ariaudo, M. Nozzetti & R. Verardi

    An introduction to Australian Standard AS 7509, "Railway Rolling Stock—Dynamic Behaviour"
    A. Howie & I. Goldney

    Model validation—a random or a reliable result?
    G. Götz & O. Polach

    Computing method for three-dimensional long train system dynamics
    Q. Wu, M. Spiryagin & C. Cole

    Derailments of freight wagons caused by rolling and related considerations
    A. Matsumoto, Y. Michitsuji, Y. Ichiyanagi & K. Mizuno

    Non-linear dynamics of railway vehicles in transition curves around critical velocity with focus on 2-axle cars
    K. Zboinski & M. Golofit-Stawinska

    Updates on the rocking phenomenon
    E.A.H. Vollebregt

    Comparison of simplified and complete contact modelling approaches in simulations of high adhesion locomotives
    M. Spiryagin, I. Persson, E.A.H. Vollebregt & C. Cole

    Improved prediction of shear stress and temperature distribution in the wheel-rail contact
    A. Meierhofer, C. Bernsteiner, K. Six & P. Dietmaier

    A railway vehicle fault detection system
    I. Persson & M. Asplund

    "Self-collaboration" system—a new concept of on-board fault detection and isolation system for heavy haul wagons
    C. Li, S.H. Luo, C. Cole & M. Spiryagin

    On-track condition monitoring system for railway vehicle using prediction by big data analytics of running records
    S. Lin, C. Thagoon, H. Aki & Y. Suda

    A new analytical model for vibration of railway vehicle carbodies composed of three-dimensional elastic body
    Y. Akiyama, T. Tomioka, T. Takigami, K. Aida & T. Kamada

    The active hunting stability of high-speed train bogie based on frame vibration control
    Y. Yao & J.-Q. Sun

    Vibration analysis of passenger seated on high speed railway vehicle by multi-body dynamics
    T. Kamada, K. Hisano, R. Shimamune, S. Hasegawa & M. Tanaka

    Intelligent condition monitoring of railway catenary systems: A Bayesian network approach
    H. Wang, A. Núñez, R. Dollevoet, Z. Liu & J. Chen

    Variation mechanism of contact force between pantograph and the waved elastic guide
    D. Zou, N. Zhou, W.H. Zhang, G.H. Huang, G. Chen, D. Jiang & S. Xu

    Dynamic optimization of railway catenary system by turning unwanted lumped-mass into tuned-mass
    Z.D. Liu, S. Stichel & A. Rønnquist

    Numerical simulation for vertical vehicle-track dynamic interactions modelling the ground as a continuum
    Y. Kawasaki, K. Senda & K. Hayano

    Simulations of wheel-rail dynamics due to track ballast voids
    Y.Q. Sun, M. Spiryagin & C. Cole

    A method for modelling infinite long track
    W. Cai, M. Chi, X. Wu, Z. Wen, X. Jin & W.H. Zhang

    Dynamic interaction between vehicle and slab track—influence of track design parameters
    E. Aggestam & J.C.O. Nielsen

    Metamodel for elasto-plastic wheel–rail contact with application to damage in a railway crossing
    R. Skrypnyk, B. Pålsson, J.C.O. Nielsen & M. Ekh

    Repoint track switch wheel-rail mechanical interface analysis
    M.L. Sarmiento-Carnevali, S.D. Bemment, T.J. Harrison, C.P. Ward, R. Dixon, Y. Bezin, S. Neves, D. Kostovasilis & M.Sh. Sichani

    Analysis and improvement of railway crossing performance using numerical and experimental approach: Application to 1:9 double crossovers
    V.L. Markine, X. Liu, A.A. Mashal & Y. Ma

    Developing a wheel motor controller for an actively steered bogie using co-simulation
    Y. Zhao, R. Goodall, J. Stow, N. Cooney & J. Hawley

    Stability analysis of metro vehicles with adaptive suspension
    L. Wei, J. Zeng, B. Zheng & H. Gao

    Active wheelset control—actuator dynamics and power requirements
    L. Weerasooriya & T.X. Mei

    Interference of active comfort and wheelset stability controllers
    A. Qazizadeh & S. Stichel

    On designing a durable and safe tram wheel profile
    T. Staskiewicz, B. Firlik, W. Jaskowski & L. Wittenbeck

    A practical method for simulating the evolution of railway wheel polygonalization
    B. Peng, S. Iwnicki, P. Shackleton, Y. Zhao & D. Cui

    Investigation on dynamic responses of vehicle due to wheel polygonalization
    X. Wu, S. Rakheja, A.K.W. Ahmed, M. Chi, S. Qu & P. Wu

    Application of modal stress calculation to railway vehicle bogie components
    M. Lankers, F. Schöler, B. Corves & C. Moser

    Improvement of torque characteristics of railcar body linkage with bogies during rocking on center plates
    Yu.P. Boronenko & Yu.B. Zhitkov

    Investigation of wear degradation of railway spherical roller bearings
    P.A. Meehan, C.D. Milne & S. Liu

    Investigation of general mass and correlative excitation influences to rapid freight covered car rigid-flex coupling system
    J. Yang, M.W. Piao, J. Fang, M.S. He, H. Li & Y.B. Yu

    Estimation of the distribution of the wheel-rail friction coefficient in curves during the DYNOTRAIN project
    H. Chollet

    A new method for the improvement of the accuracy of the estimation of wheel-rail contact forces using instrumented wheelsets
    S. Bionda, E. Di Gialleonardo, G. Cazzulani & F. Braghin

    Study of the wheel-rail adhesion under degraded conditions using a multi-axles roller-rig
    N. Bosso, A. Gugliotta & N. Zampieri

    An online wheel wear prediction model taking into account the track flexibility
    G. Tao, D. Ren, Z. Wen & X. Jin

    Rail wear modelling concept for heavy haul locomotive study
    Y.Q. Sun, N. Mandal, Q. Wu, P. Wolfs & M. Spiryagin

    Effect of wheel polygonal wear on dynamic responses of high speed train-track-bridge system
    Z. Han, Z. Chen & W. Zhai

    A stochastic model of the rail contact fatigue
    A.M. Panunzio, G. Puel, R. Cottereau, S. Simon & X. Quost

    Prediction of Rolling Contact Fatigue (RCF) for iron-ore locomotive wheels; Comparison of an alternative contact algorithm with FASTSIM
    S. Hossein-Nia, C. Casanueva, S. Stichel & M.Sh. Sichani

    Wheel-rail design and maintenance considerations for reducing rail rolling contact fatigue
    U. Spangenberg, P.S. Els & R.D. Fröhling

    Comparison of vehicle-track interaction models to simulate vertical wheel/rail impact contact
    C. Shen, L. Sabatini, Z. Wei, R. Dollevoet & Z. Li

    Tie and fastener system loading environment simulation using NUCARS® multibody dynamic vehicle-track model
    M. McHenry & A. Klopp

    The effect of vehicle dynamics on rail foot flaw detection
    C. Bosomworth, M. Spiryagin, S. Alahakoon & C. Cole

    Different dynamic track excitations on freight vehicles running on high speed and traditional lines detected with onboard diagnostic systems
    N. Bosso, A. Gugliotta & N. Zampieri

    Rail weld geometry: The influence on vehicle/track dynamics and assessment criteria
    I. Grossoni, P. Shackleton & Y. Bezin

    Detection, characterisation and synthesis of transient track irregularities for design load calculation of railway vehicle bogies
    F. Schöler, B. Corves, P. Scholle & C. Moser

    Development of a MB model for designing a control strategy of a full scale roller rig
    S. Bruni, B. Liu, E. Sabbioni & D. Tarsitano

    Gain-scheduling control for railway vehicle semi-active suspension
    H. Hammood & T.X. Mei

    The influence of rubber emergency springs on railway vehicle pneumatic suspension behavior
    C. Ramiro, P. Pintado, A.L. Morales, A.J. Nieto & J.M. Chicharro

    Method to evaluate safety against derailment due to sloshing in partially filled railway tank vehicles
    L.-O. Jönsson

    Freight train-track-bridge interaction: Derailment impacts and safety limits for track defects
    L. Ling, M. Dhanasekar, D.P. Thambiratnam & Q. Guan

    Experimental investigation on motion and dynamic performance of derailed vehicles
    L. Guo, K. Wang, J. Lin, B. Zhang & Z. Chen

    Wear analysis of the high-speed-grinding vehicle HSG-2: Validation, simulation and comparison with measurements
    K. von Diest, G. Ferrarotti, W. Kik & A. Costa Neto

    Effect of track curve radius on rail corrugation
    X.L. Cui, G.X. Chen, B.W. Wu, W.Y. Yan & H. Ouyang

    Influence of an alternative non-elliptic contact model on wheel wear calculation
    Y. Li, R. Enblom, S. Stichel & M.Sh. Sichani

    Target entropy scale determination based on EEMD for fault diagnosis of railway axle bearing
    C. Yi, J. Lin, Y. Zhao & K.-L. Tsui

    Convolutional neural networks of active railway safety system with braking dynamics prediction
    M. Gorobetz, A. Beinarovica & A. Levchenkov

    Video object recognition for network automated inspections on narrow gauge systems
    T.J. Griffin

    Effects of wheel wear on the traction system dynamics of high-speed train
    Y. Qi & H.Y. Dai

    Study on the vibration causing rail corrugation 
    G.X. Chen, Y.F. Wu, X.L. Cui & H. Ouyang

    Wagon steering—exploding myths about cant
    J. Jiang, D. Hanson & L. Basutu

    Lateral dynamics of a railway bogie with on-line wheel/rail contact relationship
    T.T. Zhang & H.Y. Dai

    Development of the condition monitoring tool based on wheel-rail contact forces collected by the PQ monitoring bogie
    Y. Ichiyanagi, Y. Michitsuji, A. Matsumoto, Y. Sato, H. Ohno, M. Tanimoto, A. Iwamoto, T. Fukushima, D. Shinagawa & K. Nagasawa

    Running performance improvement for the EEF bogie with inclined wheel axles
    Y. Michitsuji, R. Shiga, Y. Suda, S. Lin & S. Makishima

    Fundamental and theoretical consideration for reduction of hunting of wheelset
    H. Sakai

    Study on wind-induced vibration of railway catenary under 3D stochastic wind field
    Y. Song & Z. Liu

    Freight train model for real-time simulation
    A. Andersson & S. Kharrazi

    Analysis of railway vehicle carbody hunting based on similarity identification of fuzzy mathematics
    D. Chen & G. Shen

    Vibration analysis of high-speed train wheel polygon on gearbox housing
    Z.W. Wang, W.H. Zhang, H.Y. Zou, G.H. Huang & S.S. Xu

    Fitting wheel profile using optimal biarc curves
    W. Li & G. Shen

    A study on the wheel climb derailment on steep curves for high-speed train
    M. Hou, X. Fang & Z. Feng

    Dual coupling investigations of wheel-rail and pantograph-catenary for 400 KMH rolling stock
    J. Yang, M.W. Piao, J. Fang, W.B. Gao, R.P. Wu & L.H. Jia

    Study and design of a wireless monitoring device for intermodal freight wagons
    A. Somà & M. Aimar

    Vehicle vibrations at the Hallandsås tunnel: Collaborative investigation and results
    L.-O. Jönsson, M. Asplund, M. Li & P. Söderström

    Research on the lateral stability on-line monitoring and health assessment for high-speed train-set
    Y.N. Jiang, D.L. Song, W.H. Zhang, H.L. Wu, Y.C. Zeng, X.Y. Qi & K.M. Wu

    Wheelset states estimation using unscented Kalman filter
    Z. Yang, Z.G. Lu, X.C. Wang & Q. Huang

    Railway vehicle speed control in a mountainous track
    H. Magalhães, J. Ambrosio & J. Pombo

    Nonlinear vibration and control of Maglev vehicle-switch beam coupling system
    Z. Li, H. Lin, W. Cai, J. Yang & H. Yan

    Optimal design method of secondary suspension based on lateral coupling vibration of rolling stock
    C. Zong, G. Shen & D. Chen

    Study on evolvement rule of the polygonal wear of EMU wheels and its effect on the dynamic behavior of a vehicle system
    D.L. Song, H.L. Wu, W.H. Zhang, T. Xu, Y. Jiang & X.Y. Qi

    Full dynamic analysis of active suspension on railway vehicle
    Y.C. Zeng, W.H. Zhang & D.L. Song

    Study on dynamic performance of long term service of EMUs based on stochastic process parameters
    X.Y. Qi, D.L. Song, W.H. Zhang, Y. Jiang, H.L. Wu & T. Xu

    Case study of bogie hunting at Vale EFC between 2009 to 2017, and the inter-relationship between track and rolling stock
    P. Bladon, D. D’Aoust & P. Freire

    Track dipped joints and thermite weld defects detection based on in-service vehicle
    X. Yin & X. Wei

    Research on dynamic performance of container wagon based on the car body stiffness
    K. Xu, F. Li & Q. An

    Numerical and experimental analysis on the corrugation caused by a vehicle equipped with resilient wheels
    S. Bionda, M. Bocciolone, A. Collina, R. Corradi, E. Di Gialleonardo & G. Diana

    Diagnose the pier settlement by vehicle responses
    S. Song & W.H. Zhang

    Assessment method of cross and vertical sections based on train-track coupled dynamics
    P. Liu, K. Wang & W. Zhai

    Research on vibration reduction of motor by means of decoupling optimum design of its suspension system for a metro vehicle
    Z. Xia, J. Zhou, D. Gong, W. Sun & Y. Sun

    Design of ultra-low frequency secondary suspension of the low-floor tram
    Y. Sun, D. Gong, J. Zhou, W. Sun & Z. Xia

    Experimental investigations on the wheel polygonalization
    H. Wu, T. Cui & W. Huo

    The application of a new deconvolution method to railway bearings fault diagnosis
    Y. Cheng & W.H. Zhang

    Influence of coupler behavior on braking safety of middle locomotives of heavy-haul train
    R.M. Zou, W.H. Ma & S.H. Luo

    From the third body layer modeling to its effect on railway vehicle dynamics
    M. Toumi, H. Chollet, H. Yin & S. Assaf

    Wheel polygonalization-induced axle box vibrations and bolt self-loosening for high speed train
    P. Wu, G.D. Li, X. Wu & F. Zhang

    Analysis of the instability of the high-speed EMU framework
    C. Wang, S.H. Luo, W.H. Ma & Z. Xu

    A holographic wheel/rail contact force identification model by use of vehicle accelerations
    S.C. Sun, J. Liu & W. Wang

    Longitudinal-vertical dynamic coupling model in train collision
    T. Zhu, S.N. Xiao, C. Yang & Y.J. Lu

    Damage detection in railway bridges by means of train on-board sensors: A perspective option
    L. Amerio, M. Carnevale & A. Collina

    Draft gear forces based on the estimation of the dissipated energy
    P.R.G. Kurka, A.S. Antunes, A. Oliveira Jr. & M.C. Perazzo

    Observability measures for the longitudinal dynamics of railway vehicle bogies
    C. Schwarz, A. Heckmann & B. Heckmann

    Field test analysis of wheel/rail abnormal high-frequency vibrations for high-speed train
    Z.Q. Xu, X.Q. Dong, S.G. Zhu & B.C. Liu

    A data modeling method for wheel rail vertical contact force identification
    J. Guo, W. Wang, J. Liu, G. Xu, W. Jing & J. Feng

    Uncertainty qualification analysis of the vehicle running quality due to random suspension parameters
    D. Zhang, W. Zhai, K. Wang & S. Zhu

    Special considerations relating to dynamics of liquid cargo rail tank car
    Yu.P. Boronenko & Yu.B. Zhitkov

    Vehicle parameter design based on nonlinear bifurcation analysis of hunting motion of a wheelset
    M. Aki

    Unsteady aerodynamic forces on a railway pantograph and their influence on pantograph-catenary dynamic interaction
    M. Carnevale, A. Facchinetti, F. Robustelli & D. Rocchi

    Developing an inerter model using multibody dynamics software for railway vehicle applications
    Y. Zhao, G. Tucker, R. Goodall, S. Iwnicki, J.Z. Jiang & M.C. Smith

    Irregularity prediction of HSR track-bridge transition section settlement and early warning limit study
    J. Qu & M. Gao

    Feature extraction and classification of track condition from car-body vibration
    H. Tsunashima, M. Odashima, Y. Hayashida, H. Mori & A. Asano

    Correlation of track irregularities and vehicle responses based on measured data
    T. Karis, M. Berg, S. Stichel, M. Li, D. Thomas & B. Dirks

    Asymmetrical design method of grinding track profiles
    X. Mao & G. Shen

    A workflow for the dynamic analysis of freight cars using Simpack
    A.C. Lovisa, O. Garack, J. Clarke & M. Michael

    Dynamic simulations of railway vehicles running on tracks with lateral and roll vibrations including rail tilting
    K. Iida, K. Sakai & T. Miyamoto

    Effects of wheel/rail friction coefficient on dynamic responses of trains passing through branch lines of turnouts
    X.W. Yang, J.G. Shen, Y.M. Yao & J.C. Zang

    Long-term vibration evolution of China CRH3 series high speed trains
    J. Wang, S. Qu, C. Song, P. Wu & H.Y. Dai

    Study on the mechanism of high order out of round and wear of high-speed railway train’s wheel
    H.Y. Dai, D. Li & S. Zhuang

    Geometric analysis of wheel-switch for new and old turnout
    X. Zhang, G. Shen & D. Chen

    Lifetime prediction of gearbox housing of high-speed train on abnormal vibration
    H.Y. Zou, W.H. Zhang & Z.W. Wang

    A new contact force measuring method for overhead catenary system
    M. Tan, D. Zou, N. Zhou, R. Li, W.H. Zhang & Y. Li

    The impact responses of the wheel-rail system with a wheel flat
    L. Jing & L.L. Han

    Field test study on vibration transmission of high speed train with polygonised wheels
    J. Wang, S. Qu, G.D. Li, P. Wu & H.Y. Dai


    Maksym Spiryagin is the Deputy Director of the Centre for Railway Engineering at Central Queensland University. He received his PhD in the field of Railway Transport in 2004 at the East Ukrainian National University. Professor Spiryagin’s involvement in academia and railway industry projects includes research experience in Australia, China, Italy, South Korea and Ukraine involving locomotive design and traction, rail vehicle dynamics, acoustics and real-time and software-enabled control systems, mechatronics and the development of complex mechatronic systems using various approaches (co-simulation, software-in-the-loop, processor-in-the-loop or hardware-in-the loop simulations). He has published four books and has more than 130 other scientific publications and twenty patents as one of the inventors.

    Timothy Gordon is Head of the School of Engineering in the College of Science at the University of Lincoln which he joined in 2014 having spent ten years at the University of Michigan (UM) as Professor of Mechanical Engineering in the College of Engineering and heading UM’s Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI) as head of the Engineering Research Division. He was formerly Ford Professor of Automotive Engineering at Loughborough University and has worked extensively with the automotive industry. He received his PhD in Relativistic Field Theory in 1978 from the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics at the University of Cambridge. His research covers all aspects of active safety of road vehicles including how computer control systems can help reduce crashes and the development of autonomous safety systems. Particular interests are the development and application on non-linear optimal control methods for areas such as collision avoidance, vehicle dynamics at the limits of friction, as well as broader aspects such as optimal energy efficiency. Another special area of interest is in analysis and modelling of the interactions of vehicles with real human drivers.

    Colin Cole is the Director of the Centre for Railway Engineering at Central Queensland University. He has worked in the Australian rail industry since 1984, starting with six years in mechanised track maintenance for Queensland Railways. Since then he has focused on a research and consulting career involving work on track maintenance, train and wagon dynamics, train control technologies and the development of on-board devices. Professor Cole has been extensively engaged with industry via the previous two nationally funded Rail CRC programs, and has continuing involvement via the Australian Centre for Rail Innovation and the new Rail Manufacturing CRC. His 1999 PhD was in Longitudinal Train Dynamics Modelling. He has authored and/or co-authored over 120 technical papers, two books, one book chapter, numerous commercial research and consulting reports, and has developed two patents relating to in-cabin locomotive technologies.

    Tim McSweeney has over 45 years of experience in the field of railway infrastructure asset management, specialising in track engineering in the heavy-haul environment. He was the senior Infrastructure Manager overseeing the Bowen Basin export coal network for Queensland Rail from 1991 until 2001 when he joined the Centre for Railway Engineering at Central Queensland University to follow his interest in railway research. He retired in 2007, but has continued his involvement with the Centre for Railway Engineering as an Adjunct Research Fellow and was awarded an honorary Master of Engineering degree by Central Queensland University in 2011. He is a Member of the Railway Technical Society of Australasia and a Fellow of the Permanent Way Institution, Queensland Section. He has co-authored two books and twenty technical papers and consultancy reports on various aspects of railway engineering and operations.