The early modern period in philosophy - encompassing the 16th to the 18th centuries - reflects a time of social and intellectual turmoil. The Protestant Reformation, the Catholic Counter-Reformation, and the birth of the Enlightenment all contributed to the re-evaluation of reason and faith. The revolution in science and in natural philosophy swept away two millennia of Aristotelian certainty in a human-centred universe. Covering some of the most important figures in the history of Western thought - notably Descartes, Locke, Hume and Kant - "Early Modern Philosophy of Religion" charts the philosophical understanding of religion at a time of intellectual and spiritual revolution. "Early Modern Philosophy of Religion" will be of interest to historians and philosophers of religion, while also serving as an indispensable reference for teachers, students and others who would like to learn more about this formative period in the history of ideas.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction, Peter Anstey; 2. Niccolo Machiavelli, Mary G. Dietz & Ilya Winham; 3. Martin Luther, Theodor Dieter; 4. John Calvin, Michael Sudduth; 5. Michel de Montaigne, Marc Foglia; 6. Francisco Suarez, Bernardo J. Cantens; 7. Thomas Hobbes, Sharon Lloyd; 8. Rene Descartes, Gary Steiner; 9. Ralph Cudworth, Benjamin Carter; 10. Blaise Pascal, William David Wetsel; 11. Baruch Spinoza, Michael A. Rosenthal; 12. John Locke, Victor Nuovo; 13. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Jack D. Davidson; 14. George Berkeley, Roomet Jakapi; 15. Voltaire, David Williams; 16. The Deists, Peter Byrne; 17. Jonathan Edwards, Sang Hyun Lee; 18. Thomas Reid, Ryan Nichols; 19. David Hume, Paul Draper; 20. Denis Diderot, David Adams; 21. Immanuel Kant, Eckart Forster; 22. Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, David Bell; 23. William Paley, Roger White
Graham Oppy is a Professor of Philosophy and Head of the School of Philosophical, Historical and International Studies (SOPHIS) at Monash University, Australia. N. N. Trakakis is a Research Fellow in Philosophy, and Assistant Director of the Centre for the Philosophy and Phenomenology of Religion, at the Australian Catholic University.